Zektzerite

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Zektzerite
Zektzerite-122174.jpg
Zektzerite
General
Category Mineral (Inosilicate)
Formula
(repeating unit)
LiNa(Zr,Ti,Hf)Si6O15
Strunz classification 09.DN.05
Identification
Formula mass 529.66 g
Color Colorless to pink, cream, or white; commonly zoned
Crystal habit Stout pseudohexagonal prisms
Crystal system Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: C mca
Cleavage {100} and {010} perfect
Mohs scale hardness 6
Luster Vitreous to pearly
Streak White
Diaphaneity Translucent to transparent
Specific gravity 2.79
Optical properties Biaxial (-)
Refractive index nα = 1.582 nβ = 1.584 nγ = 1.584
Ultraviolet fluorescence Light yellow
References [1][2][3]

The mineral zektzerite is a member of the tuhualite group and was first found in 1966 by Seattle mineralogist Benjamin Bartlett "Bart" Cannon. It was discovered in the Willow creek basin below Silver Star mountain in miarolitic cavities within the alkaline riebeckite granite phase of the Golden Horn batholith, Okanogan County, Washington.[2] It is named for Jack Zektzer (born 1936), mathematician and mineral collector of Seattle, Washington.[1]

The mineral was misidentified as alkali beryl (morganite) at that time. Subsequently in September, 1975, additional specimens of the mineral were found in a float boulder[clarification needed] on the north side of Kangaroo Ridge at an approximate elevation of 6500 feet; it was recognized that the material was not beryl.[4]

Properties[edit]

Synthesis: by fusion of Li2CO3, Na2CO3, SiO2, ZrO2. The resulting material has a brilliant blue white fluorescence under short wave ultraviolet light.[citation needed]

Occurrence[edit]

Faceted Zektzerite, 0.47 ct, USA

Zektzerite is a mineral of agpaitic granites with arfvedsonite. It occurs with smoky quartz, microcline, okanoganite, sogdianite, astrophyllite, and zircon. It is found in cavities as euhedral crystals in the agpaitic-granite phase of the Golden Horn batholith, Okanogan County, Washington. It also occurs in blocks of pegmatite as rock-forming grains in a moraine of the Dara Pioz glacier in northern Tajikistan; in the Del Salto pluton in Aysén Province, Chile; Virikkollen, Haneholmveien, Sandefjord, Norway; as euhedral crystals and Ampasibitika, Ampasindava Peninsula, Madagascar.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://webmineral.com/data/Zektzerite.shtml Webmineral
  2. ^ a b http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/zektzerite.pdf Mineral Handbook
  3. ^ a b http://www.mindat.org/min-4390.html Mindat
  4. ^ Dunn et al.: Zektzerite: a new lithium sodium zirconium silicate related to tuhualite and the osumilite group, American Mineralogist, v. 62, p. 416-20 (1977)
  • Die Seltene Mineralien von Dara-i-Pioz in Hochgebirge Tadshikistans Lapis v. 16(12) p. 42-48 (1991)
  • Peralkaline rocks in the late Cretaceous Del Salto pluton Eastern Patagonian Andes Aisen Chile Revista Geologica de Chile v. 29 #1 July 1992 p. 3-15
  • Glasser, F. P., Marr J. Synthesis of anhydrous silicates containing double chain anions Si6O15 (6-): Proceedings British Ceramic Society No. 28 p. 73-89 June 1979