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Zeliangrong people
Total population
Zeliangrong language
Related ethnic groups
Naga tribes: Makhel, Angami, Chakhesang, Rengma, Mao, Poumai, Maram, Thangal Rongmei, Zeme, Liangmei, Inpui

Zeliangrong people are one of the major indigenous mongoloid communities living in the tri-junction of Assam, Manipur and Nagaland in India. The term "Zeliangrong" refers to the Zeme, Liangmai and Rongmei Naga tribes combined together.[1] zeliangrong is not a tribe but a union of tribes, or rather the apex tribe of the said tribes (Zeme, Liangmei, Rongmei].

The descendants of Hoi of Makuilongdi (Makhel) were divided and were made peripheral appendages to three political entities - Manipur, Naga Hills (Nagaland) and the North Cachar District of Assam.

The Zeliangrongs number around four hundred fifty thousand according to 2011 census, though their population may actually number around five hundred thousand in the three states of Assam, Manipur and Nagaland. Zeliangrong can be classified as an ethno-cultural entity. Racially they are Southern Mongoloid and linguistically Tibeto-Burman.[2]

The Zeliangrong have been living in the present land since time immemorial in a compact and contiguous geographical setting of approximately 12,000 km2 lying between 93 degrees E and 94 degree E longitude and 94.40 degrees and 24 degrees N latitude in N. C Hills of Assam; Peren district of Nagaland; Tamenglong district, Sardar hills of Senapati district, northern part Henglep subdivision of Churachanpur district, Jiribam subdivision of Imphal district, Imphal valley and Silchar Town along with various villages such as Binnakandi, Lakhipur, and its adjoining slopes in Manipur.


The ethnonym, or term ‘Zeliangrong’ is a break up that can be traced to the terms Zeme (dwellers of the warmer) or Mejahme (lower region), Liangmai (men of the North) the original Northerner; on the other hand the term Rongmei (people settled in the south) and finally Inpui(Puimei). The word Zeliangrong was first coined on the 15th February 1947 at Keishamthong Imphal.[3] The terminology Zeliangrong was coined in coherence with the solidarity movement after India’s independence. The Zeme, Liangmei and Rongmei dominate the demography in the district of Tamenglong in Manipur, Haflong and other part if North Cachar Hills and Barak Valley, also Imphal.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ G. K. Ghosh, Shukla Ghosh (1997). Women of Manipur (illustrated ed.). APH. p. 4. ISBN 978-81-7024-897-2. 
  2. ^ "‘Salt’ of the Soil-The Zeliangrong Story", North East and Me (Food For Thought), retrieved August 23, 2011  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ http://e-pao.net/epSubPageExtractor.asp?src=news_section.opinions.Opinion_on_Manipur_Integrity_Issue.Bill_108_of_2011_and_need_to_understand_the_words_Naga_Zeliangrong_and_balkanization
  4. ^ "A brief account of the Zeliangrong People", Zeliangrong Identity: (Makaam Foundation), retrieved August 23, 2011  External link in |publisher= (help)

External links[edit]