Zellers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zellers
Company typeSubsidiary
IndustryDiscount retail store
Founded1931; 93 years ago (1931)
FounderWalter P. Zeller
DefunctMarch 2013; 11 years ago (2013-03)
(as a chain)
January 2020; 4 years ago (2020-01)
(liquidation stores)
FateClosed with most store leases acquired by Target Canada. Selected locations were retained to serve as liquidation centres for other HBC retail chains until 2020. In 2023, HBC opened a Zellers-themed section inside Hudson's Bay stores.[1]
HeadquartersBrampton, Ontario, Canada
Number of locations
350 (1999)[2]
86 within Hudson's Bay (2023)
ProductsClothing, grocery, footwear, bedding, furniture, jewellery, beauty products, electronics, toys, sports equipment, appliances, housewares
OwnerHudson's Bay Company[3]
Websitezellers.thebay.com

Zellers was a Canadian discount store chain founded by Walter P. Zeller in 1931. It was acquired by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) in 1978, and after a series of acquisitions and expansions, peaked with 350 locations in 1999.[2] However, fierce competition and an inability to adapt during the retail apocalypse resulted in Zellers losing significant ground in the 2000s.

In January 2011, HBC announced that it would sell the lease agreements for up to 220 Zellers stores to the US chain Target for $1.825 billion. In turn, Target announced its intention to convert many of them to Canadian locations of Target, and re-sell the remainder to other parties such as Walmart Canada, resulting in their liquidation and eventual closure. While HBC initially retained 64 Zellers locations, it announced on July 26, 2012, that all of them would be liquidated and closed by March 31, 2013, due to their lack of profitability. Ultimately, all but three selected stores were closed in 2013.

When the chain ceased, HBC converted the three Zellers-branded locations into liquidation outlets for The Bay (since renamed Hudson's Bay), with the last of those stores closing and ending the brand on January 26, 2020.[4] As of 2023 however, the Zellers brand name has been formally reintroduced as a store-within-a-store concept inside Hudson's Bay department stores, complemented by online shopping.

History[edit]

On Saturday, August 4, 1928, Zellers Ltd was first established in London, Ontario. Walter P. Zeller, its founder, opened his new store and head office at 176 Dundas Street in London after working for years for Metropolitan Stores, F. W. Woolworth Company and Kresge's. The plan at the start was to have stores opened in London, St. Catharines, Niagara Falls, Fort William (part of modern-day Thunder Bay) and Saint John, New Brunswick as part of an effort to establish a Canada-wide chain of department stores. The London store had a street frontage of 53 feet (16 m) and a depth of 137 feet (42 m). It had a total of 7,000 square feet (650 m2) of space on the ground floor with 2,000 square feet (190 m2) of counter space spread out around the store. Sixty women were hired for the opening day working in 21 different departments. Within months, Zellers was doing such good business that they were bought out by the American firm Schulte-United Ltd, but within two years, the rebranded stores went bankrupt.[5][6]

1930s–1960s: Early years, partnership with W.T. Grant[edit]

Zellers advertisement in the Toronto Star for its 1931 grand opening in Toronto. The announced location later became part of the Toronto Eaton Centre in 1977.

Zeller promptly bought fourteen Canadian locations of the failed Schulte-United chain, all located in Southern Ontario, and relaunched Zellers in late 1931 as a store for thrifty Canadians.[5][7][8][9] One of the locations was the original Zellers at 176 Dundas Street in London, which would remain operating until the late 1980s.[5][10][11] Almost immediately, Zellers initiated an aggressive expansion strategy. Within 25 years, Zellers operated 60 stores and employed 3,000 people.[9] In 1952, in a move to expand into Atlantic Canada, it acquired the Federal Stores chain of variety stores, adding more than 12 new Zellers locations.[9]

During this period of expansion, Zellers concluded a deal with W.T. Grant, a similar chain of American mass merchandise department stores.[9] This arrangement allowed W.T. Grant to purchase 10 percent of Zellers shares and eventually a 51 percent ownership in 1959.[9] In exchange, the Grant Company made available to Zellers its experience in merchandising, real estate, store development, and general administration. Zellers employees were sent to Grant stores and head office for training and the two companies made common buying trips to east Asia.[9] In the 1950s, the chain again began opening new locations and in 1956, opened its first self-serve location at the Norgate Shopping Centre in Saint-Laurent, Quebec.[9] Stores opened in 1960 employed many new innovations, including the first in-store restaurant, the first automotive centre and the first suburban location.[9]

1970s–1980s: Acquisitions of Field and by HBC[edit]

In 1975, Zellers changed its logo to the one it would keep for its remaining 45 years.[12] By 1976, Zellers had grown to a chain of 155 stores, with annual sales of $407 million.[9]

Although Zellers was prospering, W.T. Grant was facing intense competition in the United States and was forced to withdraw entirely from its Canadian operations. In 1976, Fields, a clothing retailer based in Vancouver, British Columbia, offered to purchase a 50.1 percent stake in Zellers for $32,675,000. Zellers' shareholders, unhappy with the idea of Zellers becoming a subsidiary of Fields, reversed the takeover and purchased Fields and its hardware store division, Marshall Wells. This sale added 70 Fields stores and 162 franchised Marshall Wells stores to the company. Fields president and founder, Joseph Segal was appointed as president of Zellers.[13]

In June 1978, Zellers presented a bid to acquire 100 percent ownership of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). HBC management, recognizing Zellers profitability and the potential to enter a new retail segment, decided to purchase Zellers instead. Zellers and Fields, operating in very different retail segments from HBC, were kept intact and established as separate divisions of the company. HBC acquired full ownership of Zellers and Fields in 1981 and Marshall Wells in 1982. By 1985, HBC had sold Marshall Wells for $20 million because it was not relevant to its department store business.

Counterfeit video games for the Atari 2600 console were manufactured in Taiwan and sold by Zellers in the early 1980s, usually under new names and artwork and occasionally with modified graphics. All games were pirated copies of titles created either by Atari itself or by third-party developers, such as Activision. Zellers was eventually forced by Atari to stop selling these games.[14][15] Zellers released 18 games for the Atari 2600 in the early 1980s.[16]

1990s: Further acquisitions[edit]

In 1990, Hudson's Bay Company acquired the 51 stores of the Towers/Bonimart chain from the Oshawa Group,[17] and converted most of them to Zellers outlets, including its flagship location in Toronto.[18] Zellers advertisements at the time featured both the Towers mascot, Sparky, and the Zellers mascot, Zeddy, walking arm in arm. During this period, Zellers used the slogan "Where the lowest price is the law.".[19]

In 1993, Hudson's Bay Company purchased the assets of the bankrupt Woodward's chain, including 21 store locations.[9] These were converted into Zellers and The Bay stores and greatly expanded the company's presence in Western Canada.[9] In 1998, Hudson's Bay Company acquired Kmart's Canadian division, and merged it with the Zellers division to create a larger combined chain under the Zellers name.[9] While some Kmart locations were closed, many sites became full Zellers outlets.[20] Kmart Canada president George Heller remained with HBC, eventually becoming HBC's president and CEO in the mid-2000s.[21]

In 1996, Hudson's Bay Company closed its Zellers head office in Montreal, Quebec and merged it with the Hudson's Bay Company headquarters in downtown Toronto. By 1998, Hudson's Bay Company reestablished its Zellers head office at the former Kmart Canada head office in Brampton, Ontario.[9]

2000s: Decline[edit]

In Hudson's Bay Company's last year as a publicly traded company, Zellers had 291 stores and lost $107 million on sales of $4.2 billion. On February 28, 2006, Hudson's Bay Company was taken private by South Carolina businessman Jerry Zucker. [22]

Following Zucker's death in 2008, Hudson's Bay Company and its subsidiaries including Zellers came under the ownership of a New York-based company, NRDC Equity Partners, which was headed by Richard Baker. NRDC also owned the Lord & Taylor upscale specialty retail department store chain in the United States.[23]

Subsequently, NRDC invested heavily in The Bay and managed a turnaround by repositioning it as an upscale, fashion forward retailer. However the Zellers chain was still struggling and was seen as a drag on the parent company and its American owner.[23][24][25] Mark Foote was appointed President and CEO of Zellers in 2008, having recently served as president and chief merchandising officer at Loblaw Companies and prior to that was president of Canadian Tire Corp.'s retail division.[26][27] Foote was credited with stabilizing the chain, though it still continued losing ground against Walmart Canada.[22][28]

2011–2013: Lease acquisitions by Target, liquidation and closures[edit]

Liquidation closing sale at a Zellers store in Brossard, Quebec

On January 13, 2011, it was announced that US. retail chain Target Corporation would purchase the lease agreements of up to 220 Zellers stores for $1.825 billion.[29] Under the agreement, Zellers would sublease the properties and continue to operate them as Zellers locations until January 2012 at the earliest, and at the latest the end of March 2013.[30] At the time of this announcement, Zellers operated 273 stores, well below the 350 stores it had in 1999.[31][2][32][33]

Upon the announcement, it was reported that once the Zellers stores at these locations were closed, Target would renovate 100 to 150 of them to reopen the stores under the Target banner during 2013 and 2014. The remaining acquired sites would be transferred to other retailers.[34] HBC had said that it would continue to operate the remaining Zellers stores as a smaller chain in specific communities.[35]

Of the maximum 220 locations, 105 to be transferred to Target were identified in late May 2011,[36] and another lot of 84 locations in late September 2011, bringing the total number of Zellers stores acquired by Target to 189.[37] Of these 189 stores, 39 were resold to Walmart Canada.[38]

RioCan REIT was significantly affected, as many of its mall properties include Zellers locations.[23][39] In addition, the United Food and Commercial Workers Union planned to hold demonstrations as many Zellers staffers were to be laid off instead of being retained by Target or Walmart. This was in marked contrast to the takeover of Woolco by Walmart in 1994, where all Woolco employees of the acquired stores were retained.[40]

The President and CEO of Zellers, Mark Foote, had a mandate to liquidate the 273 Zellers stores in preparing it for Target's takeover by October 2011. Foote's strategy was to use a blueprint of a retail liquidation, but without the typical insolvency and desperation that plagued failing chains. Foote focused on raising profits, even if that meant losing market share and reducing store traffic, by ramping up inventory levels of higher margin goods over loss leaders such as apparel over deeply discounted paper towels and detergent, and slashing costs. Foote also replaced the expensive fall television ad campaign with a social media blitz on Facebook. Reportedly, the strategy was paying off as Zellers operating profit was "well ahead of expectations and the retailer had performed very well in 2011.[28]

In March 2012, the first 50 Zellers stores were put in liquidation. This included all 39 Zellers stores slated to become Walmart outlets. By mid-June, the latter locations were closed to the public. On June 25, 2012, 17 more stores in Ontario were put in liquidation.[41]

The Hudson's Bay Company announced on July 26, 2012, that it would close most of the 64 remaining stores that were supposed to continue operating as Zellers outlets. A company spokesperson stated that these stores employ 6,400 people, or approximately 100 per location, range in size from 48,000 to 128,000 square feet and are mostly in small towns. The closings of these stores were to happen at the latest on March 31, 2013 which coincided with the deadline date the HBC had to vacate the sites acquired by Target. The HBC's main reason for closing the 64 remaining stores was due to Zellers lack of profitability.[32][42][43][44] The HBC also remarked that it would not be viable to keep Zellers as an ongoing chain due to the geographical locations of the remaining 64 stores.[45] The HBC did not exclude the possibility of keeping some stores open and converting them as The Bay or Home Outfitters outlets.[46]

After the deal with Target Corporation, HBC still had a burden in half[ambiguous] of the $226.4 million of Zellers lease obligations remaining through 2016, with the rent for 2012 alone being almost half of HBC's adjusted profit. With HBC preparing an initial public offering in late 2012, it either terminated these liabilities with landlords at steep discounts or found new tenants to sublet the space.[47][39]

After HBC decided not to continue Zellers with the remaining 64 stores, these locations started their liquidation sale on December 26, 2012 and the company stopped accepting returns on January 31, 2013. Liquidators sold nearly all of Zellers merchandise, store fixtures and shopping carts at discounted prices.

2013–2020: Liquidator[edit]

The storefront of the re-opened Zellers in Bells Corners, Ottawa.

In January 2013, HBC revised its strategy and decided to keep a total of three stores open under the Zellers banner after March 31, 2013.[48][49][50] These locations no longer operated as discount department stores, but instead as liquidation outlets for sister chain The Bay.[51] HBC communications manager Tiffany Bourré described these locations as featuring fashion apparel and a refined home product offering with more from other HBC banners.[48][50][52]

Originally, these included the store at Place Bourassa in Montreal North, Quebec but it closed in early 2014. Replacing it was a previously closed Zellers in Nepean, Ontario, which reopened on April 3, 2014, keeping the number of stores at three.[53][54][55] In September 2014, the last Zellers in Western Canada located at Semiahmoo Shopping Centre in Surrey, British Columbia was closed, leaving only two stores remaining nationwide: at Kipling Queensway Mall in Etobicoke, Ontario and Bells Corners in Nepean, Ontario.[56] Both locations were closed by January 26, 2020.[57][58][59]

2023: Hudson's Bay store-within-a-store relaunch[edit]

Zellers at Hudson's Bay department store located at Erin Mills Town Centre, Mississauga

In September 2021, as a pilot project, HBC relaunched the Zellers brand as a pop-up shop within a Hudson's Bay department store located at the Burlington Centre mall in Ontario.[12] Essentially a store-within-a-store concept, it sported hanging Zellers logo banners, the classic red-and-white painted walls colour scheme, and red floor lines to mark off one small section within the Hudsons Bay store. While offering a limited selection of goods, including Canada-branded apparel, bedding, housewares and toys, it mainly was intended to invoke a "fun and nostalgic experience" according to HBC.[60] At the time, HBC stated more Hudson's Bay locations may use the concept in the future.[61]

Subsequent reporting by trade publication Retail Insider indicated the pop-up location may have been prompted by trademark filings by an unrelated group that had opened two stores under the Zellers (as well as Kmart Canada) brands, after HBC allowed a trademark on the Zellers logo to expire in 2020; HBC is suing the group to prevent what it alleges to be unauthorized use of a brand that it still controls.[62] Some retail analysts believe the re-introduction of Zellers is primarily due to HBC's lawsuit over protection of its trademark, using this as a demonstration of ownership of the brand, and doubts any successful expansion or revitalization of the former chain.[63]

In March 2023, HBC formally brought back the Zellers brand as an e-commerce website and physical space within 12 select Hudson's Bay stores in Ontario and Alberta.[64] As of April 2023, there were 25 Hudson's Bay stores across Canada with a Zellers-themed section.[65] After another wave of openings in August, it was announced in September 2023 that the totality of Hudson's Bay locations will have Zellers spaces by the end of the month.[66][67] The Zellers shops range in size from 1,000 to 10,000 square feet (93 to 929 m2), with the first 25 locations being typically larger than the ones that opened later in the year.[66][67]

Stores[edit]

Zellers location in Moncton

Zellers operated stores from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, to Victoria, British Columbia and employed over 35,000 people. The average store size was 94,000 square feet (8,700 m2). Zellers Select stores were designed for smaller markets with populations under 25,000, with stores averaged 45,000 square feet (4,200 m2). Some multi-level stores were equipped with a shopping cart system known as the Cartveyor, designed to transport shopping carts between floors next to a standard escalator, while there were few that were so small, they were equipped with elevators open to shoppers, such as with the Lawrence Square Shopping Centre (later renamed Lawrence Allen Centre in 2019) location in the North York district of Toronto.

In July 2010, Zellers unveiled prototype store designs in five Winnipeg locations, with two more originally planned for late 2010 and early 2011. One store opened on the lower floor of the downtown Winnipeg Bay store making it a Bay-Zellers hybrid location.

Restaurant[edit]

The Skillet, Zellers in-store restaurant brand, launched in 1960.[68] The restaurants underwent several revisions and were branded as Zellers Family Restaurant before their demise. In spring 2023, the Hudson's Bay Company brought the restaurant back as a food truck at select locations.

Liquidation centres[edit]

The Zellers chain had also operated a few liquidation centres for its own merchandise. Those were typically former regular Zellers stores that had been converted as liquidation centres for a limited time before closing down for good. The Zellers Family restaurants continued operating in these liquidation centres.

When the remaining 64 stores of the chain were closed on March 31, 2013, three locations were converted to serve as store liquidator for Hudson's Bay and Home Outfitters.

Products[edit]

Products sold at Zellers included clothing, grocery, stationery, toys, electronics, furniture, and home supplies.

Grocery[edit]

All Zellers sold basic groceries such as dry snacks and other prepackaged foods. The Neighbourhood Market, formerly available at some locations, was Zellers expanded section of grocery items, which included frozen and dairy aisles. Prototype stores in Winnipeg featured full grocery departments including fresh produce and baked goods. Such plans were dropped following Target Canada's acquisition of many Zellers leases. Some stores removed their The Neighbourhood Market section.

Exclusive labels[edit]

Zellers carried many of its own labels and also had exclusive rights in Canada to some other labels:

When Zellers relaunched as a pop-up store in 2023, they announced a new exclusive label, Anko, an Australian company. Its products are available online and at in-person Zellers stores. The Zellers pop-up stores contain mostly products by Anko.[69]

Acquired labels[edit]

Some labels exclusive to Target Corporation in the United States were previously exclusive to Zellers in Canada. After Target's acquisition of Zellers leases until its closure, Target Canada became the exclusive store for the following brands:

However, Target Canada closed in 2015, leaving Wabasso, and Mossimo unavailable in Canada since then. Cherokee was then carried by Sears Canada for a short period, until it too closed in January 2018. With the demise of Zellers, Target Canada and Sears Canada, these brands are no longer carried in Canada.

Customer service[edit]

On January 6, 2012, CBC Television's Marketplace announced that Zellers received the title of Canada's Worst Customer Service as a department store, based on a survey conducted by CBC with the Léger Marketing research firm in eight metropolitan areas. The retailer refused to be interviewed by Marketplace host Erica Johnson regarding its ranking, providing her with a written statement instead. Zellers also did not offer a refund to the mystery shopper who bought a used coffeemaker that was presented as new, and attempted to return the product after the advertised 30-day return period. Zellers Customer Service did not respond to this customer's Twitter message seeking satisfactory resolution.[70]

Advertising[edit]

Zellers ran a Festive Finale advertising campaign in late 2011. Zeddy was also used as a mascot to advertise the retailer's toy selection.

Festive Finale[edit]

The Festive Finale campaign was used to advertise Zellers last Christmas and holiday season sale in December 2011. There was a website called Zellers Facebook.ca which allowed customers to vote for their favourite coupon and musical genre. While Zellers recommended that customers have a Facebook account and Like the company, both of these steps were optional. It was also possible to record a radio commercial for Zellers Moonlight Madness sale by using a computer microphone and reading the site's teleprompter. Zellers also had social networking service accounts on Twitter and YouTube. Festive Finale was criticized for its Boxing Week coupon.[71]

Loyalty program[edit]

As a Hudson's Bay Company subsidiary, Zellers promoted the Hudson's Bay Rewards program also available at Hudson's Bay and Home Outfitters. It had been known as Club Z and HBC Rewards. The program used a points card, available at no charge but only accepted by Zellers and other partners. A Hudson's Bay MasterCard issued by Capital One is also available, which rewards customers with one point per dollar spent on the card at any retailer. Any Zellers cashier failing to inform a customer about the HBC MasterCard had to give that customer 10,000 HBC points. This is equivalent to 250 Hudson's Bay points, or one eighth of the requirement for a $10 gift card. Hudson's Bay points can still be redeemed for Hudson's Bay gift cards.

Slogans[edit]

Numerous slogans were used by Zellers:

  • Early 1980s: The low prices of Zellers are in the news (Zellers low prices are making headlines)
  • 1980s: Only you'll know how little you paid
  • 1980s: Shopping anywhere else is pointless
  • Late 1980s and 1990s: Where the lowest price is the law!, followed by Where the lowest price is the law...everyday! and Because the lowest price is the law.
  • 1990s: Truly Canadian
  • 1997–2000: Better and Better
  • 2000–2013: Everything from A to Z

Zeddy[edit]

Zeddy encourages children to ride the Zeddy Wheel attraction at Zellers.

Zeddy is a teddy bear mascot used by Zellers all over Canada. He was first used in 1986[72] as an advertising campaign, and then rose to his popularity by the early 1990s. The main purpose of Zeddy was to advertise Toyland, the toy section in Zellers stores. Zellers provided a stuffed Zeddy bear for any child who had a birthday party sponsored by Zellers. There was also a Zellers employee in a giant Zeddy costume hosting the party. Lineup toys of Zeddy were also created.[73] In the final months before the last of the Zellers stores were closed permanently, the company distributed large batches of stuffed Zeddy Bears for sale in stores throughout the network.

A Zeddy Bear, as sold in the chain's last months

Many stores feature a Zeddy Wheel ride, which accommodates one young child on a miniature ferris wheel type ride. The ride costs $1 and plays carnival music when in use. When no one is riding the wheel, Zeddy says on a regular basis, "Come ride with me! All aboard the Zeddy Wheel!" in an attempt to attract customers. Despite Zeddy being withdrawn as the official mascot of Zellers in 2005, the Zeddy Wheel remained in operation at stores featuring it unless it is out of service, and the voice track was unchanged over the years. Some wheels removed the big Zeddy sticker in favour of multiple, small generic stickers.

Zeddy remains used as a baby brand for products such as diapers and baby bath products.[74]

During the Festive Finale campaign in 2011, Zeddy was reintroduced in weekly flyers for Zellers Toyland before closing their stores for Target or Walmart. The character was used as a static picture, but no animated television commercials of him were made during this season. However, some employees decided to wear the Zeddy costume to celebrate the return of this teddy bear. Shortly thereafter, in December 2011, Zellers launched a Zeddy Bucks promotion. Those who spent at least $50 before taxes on toys received a pair of red 2012 Summer Olympics mittens, plus a $10 Zeddy Bucks voucher. This voucher could only be used on a later date.[75]

With the last Zellers stores set to close in 2013, the Hudson's Bay Company announced in September 2012 that it was looking for a charity organization to adopt Zeddy so that the mascot could live on after Zellers.[72] In a social media ad campaign, Zellers Everything Must GO Including Zeddy, Zeddy was featured in an online video where the mascot was abandoned in the woods by a Zellers executive telling Zeddy that Zellers was liquidating, and everything must go, including him. Organizations were invited to submit on Zellers Facebook page what their plans for Zeddy were.[76] There were over 30,000 votes, and the final three contenders were Autism Ontario, Camp Trillium and Cystic Fibrosis Canada. Voters selected Camp Trillium as the winner and chosen adopter. There are several notable Zeddy iterations including most famously, bush pilot Zeddy.[77][78]

See also[edit]

Other former discount retailers that once operated in Canada and similar concept as Zellers:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zellers is making a comeback in Canada this spring. Here are the locations | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Archived from the original on January 19, 2023. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c Dunn, Brian (October 4, 1999). ""MARTHA STEWART, ZELLARS [sic] NAMED IN LAWSUIT"". HFN The Weekly Newspaper for the Home Furnishing Network. Archived from the original on February 25, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Contacts". Hudson's Bay Company. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
  4. ^ Watters, Haydn (January 19, 2020). "As final Zellers stores close, former employees swap memories, memorabilia". CBC News. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c London Free Press August 3, 1928 edition
  6. ^ "HBC Heritage — Walter P. Zeller". Archived from the original on March 1, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  7. ^ "Daily Hive | Torontoist". Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  8. ^ "HBC Heritage — Walter P. Zeller". Archived from the original on March 1, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "HBC Heritage: The Zellers Story". Hudson's Bay Company. 2014. Archived from the original on September 26, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Daily Hive | Torontoist". Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "HBC Heritage — Walter P. Zeller". Archived from the original on March 1, 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Zellers Store-in-Store Launches inside of Hudson's Bay Location [Photos]". Retail Insider. September 23, 2021. Archived from the original on September 24, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  13. ^ "HBC Heritage: Fields, The Strength of an Idea". Hudson's Bay Company. 2014. Archived from the original on September 1, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  14. ^ Retro Nouveau. "Les jeux Atari 2600 de Zellers" [Zellers Atari 2600 games] (in French). Tumblr. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  15. ^ Desrosiers, Sophie (April 3, 2014). "Zellers reopens its doors in Bells Corners". Ottawa Sun. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  16. ^ "AtariAge - Companies - Zellers". Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  17. ^ "Zellers clinches deal to take over Towers: Hudson's Bay beats out Woolworth". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. October 23, 1990. p. B13.
  18. ^ "HBC Annual Report 1991" (PDF). McGill Digital Archives. August 25, 2021. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 25, 2021. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  19. ^ "Bucking The Trend; The Bay flies in face of recession, opening four new stores". The Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa. February 20, 1991. p. E6.
  20. ^ "Ottawa-area Kmart stores survive the Bay takeover". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa. March 3, 1998. p. 17.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 13, 2021. Retrieved October 12, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ a b Flavelle, Dana (July 31, 2009). "At Zellers, lowest price is still prime focus". Toronto Star. Toronto. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  23. ^ a b c Strauss, Marina; Ladurantaye, Steve (January 11, 2011). "US. chains circle Zellers properties". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on January 13, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  24. ^ Flavelle, Dana (July 26, 2012). "Zellers to close last 64 stores as Target moves into Canada". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  25. ^ "Zellers closing local stores". Sudbury Star. July 27, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  26. ^ "Foote Faces Turnaround Challenge at Loblaw". February 19, 2007.
  27. ^ "Foote, Former Loblaw President, Named CEO at Zellers". August 4, 2008.
  28. ^ a b "Zellers CEO rewrites the book on liquidation". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. September 6, 2012. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  29. ^ John Tilak, "UPDATE 2-Target to enter Canada with Zellers deal, own plans: Target plans to open up to 150 stores in Canada" Archived March 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Reuters January 13, 2011.
  30. ^ "Transaction Agreement between Zellers Inc., Hudson's Bay Company, Target Corporation and Target Canada Co". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 12, 2011. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  31. ^ Strauss, Marina (May 18, 2011). "Target's Canadian foray hits cost hurdle". The Globe and Mail. theglobeandmail. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  32. ^ a b Flavelle, Dana (July 26, 2012). "Zellers to close last 64 stores as Target moves into Canada". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on December 26, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  33. ^ Chiasson, Monique (April 1, 2013). "Emotions run deep during Zellers' last day in Truro". Truro Daily News. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
  34. ^ Marina Strauss and Steve Ladurantaye (January 13, 2011). "Target heads north in Zellers deal". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  35. ^ "Target buys Zellers leases for $1.8B". CBC News. January 13, 2011. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  36. ^ Target Corporation (May 26, 2011). "Target Selects Initial Zellers Leases, Vast Majority to Become Target Stores". Archived from the original on May 29, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  37. ^ "Hudson's Bay Company Confirms Final List of 189 Zellers Locations to be Assumed by Target". Canada Free Press. September 23, 2011. Archived from the original on October 10, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
  38. ^ The Canadian Press (June 24, 2011). "Walmart picks up 39 Zellers sites from Target". Canada: CBC. Archived from the original on June 27, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2011.
  39. ^ a b Strauss, Marina (November 6, 2012). "HBC seeks to close books on Zellers leases". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  40. ^ "Zellers employees walk away empty-handed in $1.825-billion deal". Metro News. August 17, 2012. Archived from the original on August 24, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  41. ^ Liquidation Archived October 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Zellers. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  42. ^ "Global News - Latest & Current News - Weather, Sports & Health News".[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ "Most remaining Zellers stores to close by March 2013". CBC News. July 26, 2012. Archived from the original on July 27, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  44. ^ O'Kane, Josh (July 26, 2012). "Hudson's Bay to close remaining Zellers stores". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  45. ^ "La fin de Zellers" [The end of Zellers]. Radio-Canada (in French). July 26, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  46. ^ "La plupart des Zellers restants fermeront - Québec" [Most of the remaining Zellers will close - Quebec] (in French). Archived from the original on July 28, 2012.
  47. ^ Altstedter, Ari (November 5, 2012). "Hudson's Bay IPO: Share price could be dragged down by Zellers rents". Financial Post. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  48. ^ a b "Zellers will stick around Canada's three biggest cities after Target arrives". Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  49. ^ "HBC store locator". Archived from the original on March 11, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  50. ^ a b "Zellers store to stay open at Semiahmoo Shopping Centre". Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  51. ^ Ellis, Paige (October 4, 2019). "Five burning questions as Zellers' final two stores set to close - BNN Bloomberg". BNN. Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  52. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  53. ^ "Ottawa Metro newspaper ad, page 9". Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  54. ^ "Zeddy's not dead: A closed Zellers store is actually reopening in Ottawa". canada.com. Archived from the original on April 4, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  55. ^ "Zellers returns to Ottawa". CTV News. March 31, 2014. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  56. ^ "Semiahmoo Shopping Centre cites Zellers exit as 'great news'". peacearchnews. Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  57. ^ "Hudson's Bay to shutter last 2 Zellers stores in Toronto and Ottawa | CBC News". Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  58. ^ Somos, Christy (September 6, 2019). "Canada's two remaining Zellers stores slated to close". CTVNews. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  59. ^ "The last Zellers in Toronto is being forced to close early due to massive lineups". www.blogto.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  60. ^ "Zellers is Back – Hudson's Bay Opens New Zellers Pop-Up in Burlington". RedFlagDeals.com. September 24, 2021. Archived from the original on September 27, 2021. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  61. ^ "Zellers is popping back into Canadians lives; where in Canada is the new location?". CTV News. September 24, 2021. Archived from the original on September 25, 2021. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  62. ^ Patterson, Craig (October 12, 2021). "Quebec Family Nabs Zellers Trademark From HBC to Open Small-Format Zellers Stores and Restaurants". Retail Insider. Archived from the original on October 13, 2021. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  63. ^ "The return of Zellers: Hudson's Bay to resurrect Canadian discount retail chain". CTVNews. August 17, 2022. Archived from the original on August 17, 2022. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  64. ^ "Zellers comeback: When and where you can shop at the discount retailer again". Global News. March 14, 2023.
  65. ^ "Zellers announces remaining store opening date". CNW Group. March 31, 2023.
  66. ^ a b "21 new Zellers pop-up shops to open inside Hudson's Bay stores in 5 provinces". Global News. July 18, 2023.
  67. ^ a b "Zellers to pop up in all remaining Hudson's Bay locations". CNW Group. September 5, 2023.
  68. ^ Chapin, Angelina (January 14, 2011). "The Ode: Zellers (1931 - 2011) - Canadian Business - Your Source For Business News". Canadian Business. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2017. In 1960, Zellers opened its first in-store restaurant, The Skillet, as well as an auto-centre, and its first store in a suburban mall.
  69. ^ "Inside Zellers 2.0 and its Newly Secured In-House Brand 'Anko' [Photos/Analysis]". March 22, 2023. Archived from the original on March 23, 2023. Retrieved March 22, 2023.
  70. ^ "Canada's Worst Customer Service". CBC. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
  71. ^ "Zellers customers outraged by online ad error | Globalnews.ca". Archived from the original on March 11, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  72. ^ a b "Zellers Announces Everything Must Go… Including Zeddy". Zellers. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  73. ^ "Zellers' Festive Finale presents: "Pick the Playlist" with Jason the Cashier". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2011.
  74. ^ "Zeddy". Zellers. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
  75. ^ Zellers December 2011 Flyer.
  76. ^ "Zellers prepares to close, so what happens to Zeddy the bear? - thestar.com". The Star. Toronto. September 17, 2012. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
  77. ^ "Zellers Iconic Mascot Zeddy Finds New Home With Camp Trillium". www.newswire.ca. Archived from the original on November 20, 2012.
  78. ^ "National News: Zellers Iconic Mascot Zeddy Finds New Home With Camp Trillium". Northumberland View. Roseneath ON. November 16, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  79. ^ "Target leaving Canada: 'Losing money every day'". CTV News. CTV. January 15, 2015. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.

External links[edit]