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In Greek mythology, Zelus or Zelos /ˈzləs/ (Greek: Ζῆλος, Zēlos, literally "zeal") was the daimon son of Pallas and Styx.[1] Zelus and siblings Nike (Victory), Kratos (Strength) and Bia (Force) were winged enforcers who stood in attendance at Zeus' throne and formed part of his retinue.[2][3]

Zelus personifies dedication, emulation, eager rivalry, envy, jealousy, and zeal[3] The English word "zeal" is derived from his name.[citation needed]

Zelos may have also been identified with Agon, the personification of romantic jealousy, and was closely connected with Eris.[citation needed] His Roman name was Invidia, which, in Latin, meant "to look against in a hostile manner". Because of its relation to Zelus, his Roman form was sometimes associated with the seven deadly sins.


  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 383–5.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 386–7.
  3. ^ a b "Zelus". GreekMythology.com. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Zelus at Wiktionary
  • Zelos at Theoi Project, a site exploring Greek mythology and the gods in classical literature and art