Zelus

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In Greek mythology, Zelus or Zelos /ˈzləs/ (Greek: Ζῆλος, Zēlos, literally "zeal") was the daimon son of Pallas and Styx.[1] Zelus and siblings Nike (Victory), Kratos (Strength) and Bia (Force) were winged enforcers who stood in attendance at Zeus' throne and formed part of his retinue.[2][3]

Zelus personifies dedication, emulation, eager rivalry, envy, jealousy, and zeal[3] The English word "zeal" is derived from his name.[citation needed]

Zelos may have also been identified with Agon, the personification of romantic jealousy, and was closely connected with Eris.[4] His Roman name was Invidia, which, in Latin, meant "to look against in a hostile manner". Because of its relation to Zelus, his Roman form was sometimes associated with the seven deadly sins.

He was sometimes associated with Phthonus, the daimon of romantic jealousy. [5]

Family Tree[edit]

Family of Eurybia and Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pontus
 
Gaia
 
Uranus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurybia
 
Crius
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Astraeus
 
EosPerses
 
Asteria
 
 
 
Pallas
 
Styx
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AnemoiAstra PlanetaAstraeaHecateZelusNike
 
 
KratosBia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Boreas
 
 
Phainon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ScyllaFontesLacus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notus
 
 
Phaethon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eurus
 
 
Pyroeis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zephyrus
 
 
Eosphorus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stilbon
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 383–5.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 386–7.
  3. ^ a b "Zelus". GreekMythology.com. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  4. ^ "ZELUS (Zelos) - Greek God of Rivalry & Envy". www.theoi.com. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
  5. ^ "ZELUS (Zelos) - Greek God of Rivalry & Envy". www.theoi.com. Retrieved 2018-08-09.