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  • זמר
  • زيمر
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Zemr
Zemer is located in Central Israel
Coordinates: 32°22′1.28″N 35°2′7.05″E / 32.3670222°N 35.0352917°E / 32.3670222; 35.0352917Coordinates: 32°22′1.28″N 35°2′7.05″E / 32.3670222°N 35.0352917°E / 32.3670222; 35.0352917
Grid position154/197 PAL
Founded1988 (merger)
 • TypeLocal council (from 1988)
 • Total8,203 dunams (8.203 km2 or 3.167 sq mi)
 • Total6,779
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Name meaningKhurbet Ibthan; meaning "Ruin of gardens, or of soft soil"[2]

Zemer (Hebrew: זמר‎, Arabic: زيمر‎) is an Arab local council in the Central District of Israel. It is located in the Arab Triangle area, between Baqa al-Gharbiyye and Bat Hefer on Road 574. Zemer is the result of a merger of four villages – Bir al-Sika, Ibtan, Marja and Yama, - in 1988


Potsherds dating from the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era have been found at Ibtan.[3]

In 1265, two of the villages were mentioned among the estates which Sultan Baibars granted his emirs after he had defeated the Crusaders: The whole of Ibthan (Bathan) was given to his emir 'Alam al-Din Sanjar al-Halabi al-Salihi,[4] while Yamma was devided equally between the emirs Saif al-Din Itamish al-Sa'di and Shams al-Din Aqsunqur.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

Yama and Ibtan appeared in Ottoman tax registers compiled in 1596, in the Nahiyas of Qaqun and Jabal Sami, respectively, of the Nablus Liwa. Yama had a population of 18 Muslim households and 5 bachelors, while Ibtan was indicated as empty even though it paid taxes.[6]

In 1882, in the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine, only Khurbet Ibthan was noted, with "traces of ruins and a well."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bir al-Sikka had a population of 36, Ibthan 56 and Yamma 48, all Muslims.[8]

Prior to 1948, all four villages were administratively related to modern-day Palestinian town of Deir al-Ghusun.[9][10]


Zemer's population at the end of 2009 was 5,700,[11] and its jurisdiction is 8,203 dunams.[12] The population increased to 6,375 in 2014.[13]


  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 185
  3. ^ Abu Fana, 2006, Ibthan
  4. ^ Ibn al-Furat, 1971, pp. 81, 209, 249 (map)
  5. ^ Ibn al-Furat, 1971, pp. 81, 210, 249 (map)
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127, p. 138.
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 196
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
  9. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 20
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 74
  11. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  12. ^ "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Zemer" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-09.
  13. ^ "לוח 3.- אוכלוסייה( 1), ביישובים שמנו מעל 2,000 תושבים( 2) ושאר אוכלוסייה כפרית Population (1) of localities numbering above 2,000 Residents (2) and other rural population". Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.


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