Zemmouri

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Zemmouri

زموري
Commune and town
Skyline of Zemmouri
DZ 35 Zemmouri.svg
Zemmouri is located in Algeria
Zemmouri
Zemmouri
Coordinates: 36°47′N 3°36′E / 36.783°N 3.600°E / 36.783; 3.600
Country Algeria
ProvinceBoumerdès Province
Population
 (2008)
 • Total26,408
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

Zemmouri is a town and commune in the Bordj Menaïel District of Boumerdès Province, Algeria. As of 2008, the population of the municipality is 26,408.[1]

History[edit]

The coastal site of Zemmouri El-Bahri was a Phoenician and later Roman settlement named Rusubbicari[2]. In the medieval period, it became a small port named Marsā al-Dajāj (literally "chicken port"). Archeological research there has uncovered medieval structures and pottery, as well as Roman coins.[3]

By the 19th century the main village, slightly further inland, was known as Zemmouri (usually spelled Zamouri or Zemouri at the time). In 1872 the French government established a colonial settlement there using land confiscated from the Isser el-Ouidan tribe and from private individuals in the wake of the Mokrani Revolt[4]; in 1886 it was renamed Courbet, after Admiral Amédée Courbet.[5] Following Algeria's independence in 1962, the name Zemmouri was restored.

Geology[edit]

The disastrous 2003 Boumerdès earthquake led to the discovery of a thrust fault; it was subsequently named after the town. The fault has since been incorporated into seismic hazard maps, which will serve as an important guideline for public safety.[6]

Nature[edit]

To the northwest of the town, the Sahel Forest and the coastal dunes on which it grows are dominated by Aleppo pine and other Mediterranean maquis flora, and constitute a tourist attraction[7].

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Salama, Pierre. Sites commerciaux antiques sur le littoral de l’Algérois. In: Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Antiquité, vol. 118, n°2. 2006. pp. 527-547.
  3. ^ Le site archéologique de Zemmouri El-Bahri continue de surprendre : De nouvelles découvertes de l’époque médiévale et romaine, Liberté 23-09-2017
  4. ^ Alain Mahé, 2001, Histoire de la Grande Kabylie, XIXe-XXe siècles, p. 583; Bulletin officiel du gouvernement général de l'Algérie, Volume 16, p. 136, arrété du 19 juillet 1875
  5. ^ Notre village Courbet (Algérie), ch. III. IV
  6. ^ Curtis L. Edwards, ed. (2004). Zemmouri, Algeria, Mw6.8 Earthquake of May 21, 2003. Reston, VA: ASCE, TCLEE. ISBN 9780784407462.
  7. ^ Programme d’Aménagement Côtier (PAC) "Zone côtière algéroise", p. 9

Coordinates: 36°47′N 3°36′E / 36.783°N 3.600°E / 36.783; 3.600