Zemplén County

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This article is about the historical county of the Kingdom of Hungary. For other uses, see Zemplín.
Zemplén County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Zemplén

Coat of arms

Location of Zemplén
Capital Sátoraljaújhely
48°23′N 21°39′E / 48.383°N 21.650°E / 48.383; 21.650Coordinates: 48°23′N 21°39′E / 48.383°N 21.650°E / 48.383; 21.650
History
 •  Established 12th century
 •  Treaty of Trianon June 4, 1920
Area
 •  1910 6,282 km2 (2,425 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 343,194 
Density 54.6 /km2  (141.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Hungary

Zemplén (Hungarian: Zemplén, Slovak: Zemplín, German: Semplin, Latin: Zemplinum) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now situated in eastern Slovakia under the name of Zemplín. Most of the county's territory is in Slovakia except the southern portions of the county, that are in Hungary, in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.

Geography[edit]

Zemplén county

Zemplén county shared borders with Poland (during some periods the Austrian crownland Galicia) and the Hungarian counties Sáros (Šariš), Abaúj-Torna (Abov-Turňa), Borsod, Szabolcs and Ung (Uh). It was situated in the easternmost strip of what is now Slovakia (except for the region between Vihorlatské vrchy and the Latorica river), plus a strip along the Bodrog and Tisza rivers in present-day Hungary. The rivers Laborec and Bodrog flowed through the county. Its area was 6,269 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

Initially, the capital of the county was the Zemplín Castle, in the 13th century also Sárospatak (in Slovak: Potok, hence the alternative name of the county comitatus de Potok). Since the Late Middle Ages the capital was the town of Zemplén, and since 1748 was Sátoraljaújhely (Slovak: Nové Mesto pod Šiatrom).

History[edit]

Zemplén was one of the oldest counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the aftermath of World War I, the northern part of Zemplén county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. The southern half (including the bigger part of the divided Sátoraljaújhely) stayed in Hungary as the county Zemplén. Following the provisions of the controversial First Vienna Award, an additional part came under Hungarian control in November 1938. The Trianon borders were restored after World War II.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 327,993 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 343,194 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Zemplén/Zemplín county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Bodrogköz, SK Medzibodrožie Királyhelmec, SK Kráľovský Chlmec
Gálszécs Gálszécs, SK Sečovce
Homonna Homonna, SK Humenné
Mezőlaborc Mezőlaborc, SK Medzilaborce
Nagymihály Nagymihály, SK Michalovce
Sárospatak Sárospatak
Sátoraljaújhely Sátoraljaújhely
Szerencs Szerencs
Szinna Szinna, SK Snina
Sztropkó Sztropkó, SK Stropkov
Tokaj Tokaj
Varannó Varannó, SK Vranov nad Topľou
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Sátoraljaújhely

The towns of Sátoraljaújhely, Sárospatak, Tokaj and Szerencs are now in Hungary.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.