|Founded||February 18, 2013|
|Area served||United States|
|Industry||Human resource management|
Zenefits is a company based in the United States that offers cloud-based software as a service to companies for managing their human resources, with a particular focus on helping them with health insurance coverage.
Zenefits was started by its ex-CEO Parker Conrad and Laks Srini to help startups and small businesses find insurance quotes and manage employee benefits in one place. It officially launched on February 18, 2013. In 2014, the company announced the addition of commuter spending, flexible spending, and 401(k) support in an attempt to replace the more mundane functions currently handled by companies' human resources departments. The company also announced support for stock options in its cloud HR platform.
2016: Legal troubles and CEO resignation
In 2016 an internal legal investigation at Zenefits found the company’s licensing was out of compliance and that Parker Conrad, co-founder and former CEO, had created a browser extension to skirt training requirements for selling insurance in California. After self-reporting these issues, Zenefits hired an independent third party to do an internal audit of its licensing controls and sent the report to all 50 states. The California Department of Insurance as well as the Massachusetts Division of Insurance began investigations of their own based on Zenefits’ report. Parker Conrad resigned as CEO and director in February and COO David O. Sacks was named as his replacement. Shortly after becoming CEO, Sacks issued a memo to employees in which he banned the consumption of alcohol in the Zenefits offices. "We operate in a highly regulated industry," he wrote, "and it's important to set the right tone in the office. The new policy helps to achieve this and communicate that we are committed to operating with integrity." Days later, The Wall Street Journal dug up an old Zenefits facilities memo from a year previous telling employees that "Cigarettes, plastic cups filled with beer, and several used condoms" had been found in the stairwell of the building. Zenefits was quick to point out that they share this stairwell with dozens of other businesses. When asked about the incident at TechCrunch Disrupt SF, Sacks said, "A lot of the stuff was obviously the media getting carried away. That was not something that happened. That story — there was no truth to it at all.”
On February 26, 2016, Zenefits laid off 17 percent of its employees, or 250 people. In June the company laid off another 9 percent (106 additional people) and offered existing employees a two-month severance package named “The Offer." Employees were given two days to decide whether to accept "The Offer." In a memo, CEO David Sacks told employees, “As you consider your options over the next two days, please know that the company isn’t making The Offer because we don’t want you. We do want you, but we want the best of you. We want you winning core value awards. We want you prototyping a great idea at Hackday. We want you staying late to help out on a project. We want you busting ass on Z2. The next few months are going to be an exciting time at Zenefits and we want everyone participating in that.” Reportedly, fewer than 10 percent of employees took Sacks’ offer.
Later in 2016, Zenefits reached its first state regulatory settlement with Tennessee in July 2016 for $62,500, four months after the company’s initial self-reporting of compliance issues to the states in which they had been operating. Settlements with Arizona, Delaware, Minnesota, New Jersey, and South Carolina followed in September. As of October 2016, Zenefits has also reached settlements with California, Washington, Virginia, and Texas, with more negotiations underway.
On November 28, 2016, Zenefits was fined $7 million by California's insurance regulator, marking the biggest penalty yet for the startup that has faced multiple investigations for flouting insurance laws.  California Insurance Commissioner Dave Jones said in a statement posted on the state insurance department's website that Zenefits was charged with allowing unlicensed employees to sell insurance and circumventing education requirements for insurance agents. Zenefits will not have to pay the full $7 million to California up front. In recognition of the changes already made by Sacks, the insurance department said half of the fine will be waived if the company passes an exam of the company's business practices scheduled for 2018. In addition to the $7 million fine, Zenefits was required to pay California $160,000 toward the costs of its investigation. California, Zenefits' home state, was considered the most important resolution, and other states are expected to follow its lead.
2017–present: Additional layoffs
On February 9, 2017, Zenefits announced it would be laying off 45% of its workforce as a way to “move toward an operating model that is sustainable and better reflects the needs of our current business” as noted by Fulcher in a memo sent to employees. “It is part of an overall turn-around program that began a year ago to correct regulatory compliance issues, reset our culture and values [and] increase operational efficiency," Fulcher wrote. “Today's action aligns our costs more closely to our business realities and gives us the runway we need to build the business properly for the long term." A public statement released by Zenefits noted that the layoffs will help it centralize its operations in Arizona and that it also plans to build out product and engineering teams in Vancouver and Bangalore, in addition to its San Francisco team. 
On October 18, 2016, Zenefits held Z2, its inaugural customer conference. At Z2, the company unveiled its next-generation product launch: a platform that served as an app store for human resources and allowed third-party apps and developers to build onto it as well.
“We think this idea of suites vs. best of breed is a false choice, this has been the choice of marketplace,” Zenefits CEO David Sacks said. “You could use an antiquated suite or best of breed that’s limited. We’re building an app store for [human resources] for the first time, that’s the way to resolve this conundrum. You build an app store and you release some core apps yourself, but you allow third parties to provide best of breed apps.”
Funding and valuation
On April 21, 2015, TechCrunch reported that Zenefits was raising somewhere between $300 million and $500 million at a valuation worth of $3 billion, and possibly as high as $4 billion. On May 6, the round was reported to have closed with $500 million raised from investors including Fidelity Management, TPG, and Comcast Ventures at a valuation of $4.5 billion. In November, Forbes ran an article on the company defending it against the claim it was in a unicorn bubble.
In 2015, Zenefits reported an annual revenue of approximately $20 million, twenty times the corresponding figure in 2013. Its revenue growth rate was compared favorably with such companies as Workday and Salesforce.com; Forbes reported that its valuation growth was among the highest of any company in 2014. In June 2016, CEO David Sacks reported that Zenefits revenue had “not decreased” in spite of recent scandals and that its annual recurring revenue was more than $60 million per year.
Originally launched as a SaaS platform that simplified the process of administering and managing benefits for small to medium businesses, Zenefits has since grown to include core HR functions like time tracking, onboarding and employee record keeping.
Zenefits’ second iteration, Z2, bills itself as an all-in-one HR platform, with updates including an HR app marketplace featuring 17 integrated partners at launch, a comparative benefits shopping experience, wide release of the Payroll app in California, and an HR Advisor app that provides companies with a library of HR content and consulting services.
In 2014, Zenefits was identified as one of the fastest growing software as a service companies in history. It was also named among the Bay Area’s Highest Valued Unicorns, one of The World's Top 10 Most Innovative Companies in Healthcare, and one of 26 enterprise startups to bet your career on. Since its launch of Z2 in October 2016, Zenefits was recognized by PC Magazine as The 10 Best Free Mobile Apps for Business of 2016 and 20 Best Business Mobile Apps of 2016.
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- Zenefits is laying off 45% of its workforce
- Troubled startup Zenefits just laid off almost half its staff — here's the full email sent to employees
- Zenefits slashes its workforce -- again
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