Zengwen River

Coordinates: 23°03′00″N 120°04′01″E / 23.050°N 120.067°E / 23.050; 120.067
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zengwen River
Zengwen River basin
Native name曾文溪 (Chinese)
Physical characteristics
 • locationAlishan, Chiayi County
 • elevation2,609 m (8,560 ft)
MouthTaiwan Strait
 • location
 • coordinates
23°03′00″N 120°04′01″E / 23.050°N 120.067°E / 23.050; 120.067
 • elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length146 km (91 mi)
Basin size1,176.64 km2 (454.30 sq mi)
 • average74 m3/s (2,600 cu ft/s)
Basin features
 • leftHouku River
Zengwen River
Zengwen River, located in Guantian District

The Zengwen River is the fourth longest river in Taiwan after the Zhuoshui River, Gaoping, and Tamsui, with a total length of about 146 km (91 mi). It flows through Tainan and Chiayi County.It is located in the southwestern part of the island. [1]


Zéngwén is the pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of the river's Chinese name 曾文. The river was formerly known as the Tsan-bun[2][3] from the Hokkien pronunciation of the same name.

It was formerly known as the Taiwanfu[4] from a former name of Tainan, when it was the headquarters of Qing administration on the island as a district of Fujian Province.


The largest reservoir in Taiwan, Zengwen Reservoir, formed by Zengwen Dam, is located Located upstream of Zengwen River.[5]

National Park[edit]

Taijiang National Park encompasses parts of the Zengwen estuary as well as nearby coastal areas.[6] The endangered black-faced spoonbills come every winter as migrants and inhabit downstream near the estuary, where many other waterfowls are also found. A conservation area has been set up to protect the spoonbills.[7][8]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Zengwen River" (in Chinese). Water Resources Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  2. ^ Campbell (1896), map.
  3. ^ Davidson (1903), map.
  4. ^ EB (1879), p. 416.
  5. ^ "Reservoirs, dams and weirs of Taiwan". Water Resources Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Taijiang". ProtectedPlanet. 2014–2015. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Black-faced Spoonbill Reserve". Taiwan – The Heart Of Asia. Tourism Bureau, Republic of China (Taiwan). 20 March 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  8. ^ BirdLife International (2015). "Platalea minor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T22697568A84646222. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015.RLTS.T22697568A84646222.en.