Zephyranthes minuta

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Zephyranthes minuta
Zephyranthes grandiflora01.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Zephyranthes
Z. minuta
Binomial name
Zephyranthes minuta
(Kunth) D.Dietr.
  • Amaryllis minima Ker Gawl.
  • Amaryllis minuta Kunth
  • Amaryllis striatula Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Zephyranthes ackermannia (Herb.) M.Roem.
  • Zephyranthes grahamiana Herb.
  • Zephyranthes grandiflora Lindl.
  • Zephyranthes lilacina Liebm.
  • Zephyranthes pallida M.Roem.
  • Zephyranthes sessilis var. ackermannia Herb.
  • Zephyranthes sessilis var. striata (Herb.) Herb.
  • Zephyranthes sessilis var. verecunda (Herb.) Herb.
  • Zephyranthes striata Herb.
  • Zephyranthes verecunda Herb.

Zephyranthes minuta is a plant species very often referred to as Zephyranthes grandiflora, including in Flora of North America.[2] The latter is, however, an illegitimate name because the original author in coining the name Zephyranthes grandiflora listed the older name Amaryllis minuta as a synonym.[3] This makes "minuta"[4] the acceptable epithet under the ICN. In the UK it is a recipient of the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]


Flower of Zephyranthes minuta

Zephyranthes minuta is a bulb-forming perennial with shiny green leaves up to 7 mm wide. Flowers in wild specimens are usually pink, funnel-shaped, up to 9 cm long. Cultivated specimens are frequently larger, often with extra tepals.[2][6]


Zephyranthes minuta[6] is native to Mexico and Guatemala but widely cultivated as an ornamental and reportedly naturalized in Hawaii, the Andaman Islands, the islands of the Southwestern Caribbean (belonging to Colombia, Nicaragua and Honduras), and the southeastern United States (Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama and Florida).[2][7]

Chemical composition[edit]

The following compounds are found in this plant: Pancratistatin, Zephgrabetaine, Lycorine, Galanthine, Lycoramine, Hamayne, Hamanthamine, Tortuosine, Ungeremin.[8]



  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b c Flora of North America, Zephyranthes grandiflora
  3. ^ Lindley, John. 1925. Zephyranthes grandiflora, Large-flowered Zephyranthes. Botanical Register 11: pl. 902
  4. ^ Humboldt, Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von, Bonpland, Aimé Jacques Alexandre & Karl Sigismund Kunth. 1816. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 1: 278. Amaryllis minuta
  5. ^ "Zephyranthes minuta". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  6. ^ a b Dietrich, David Nathaniel Friedrich. 1840. Synopsis Plantarum 2: 1176, Zephyranthes minuta
  7. ^ Biota of North America Propject, Zephyranthes grandiflora
  8. ^ "Katoch D and Singh B, Med Aromat Plants" (PDF).