Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV
Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV WW1 aircraft 1.jpg
First version with four Austro-Daimler engines.
Role Bomber
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Schütte-Lanz
Designer Graf von Zeppelin
First flight 1918
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte
Variants Zeppelin-Staaken R.V, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI, Zeppelin-Staaken R.VII, Zeppelin-Staaken R.XV, Zeppelin-Staaken R.XVI, Zeppelin-Staaken Riesenflugzeuge

The Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV was an incremental improvement to the Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI. This was one of a series of large bombers called Riesenflugzeuge intended to be less vulnerable than the dirigibles in use at the time.

Development[edit]

The original version of the Staaken R.XIV Bomber had two engine pods with 4 Austro-Daimler V-12 engines of 350hp each in a push-pull configuration.[1] The pods were large enough for some in-flight maintenance. The Austro-Daimler engines were installed without reduction gears and were the most powerful available at the time but soon proved to be unreliable. On 12 April 1918 during its second flight of the acceptance program, a connecting rod broke in one of the rear engines.[2] The Austro-Daimlers were replaced by four 300 hp Basse und Selve BuS.IVa engines and was ready for further flight testing by 10 May 1918. The unproven Basse und Selves were also problematic and had a tendency to seize pistons, so they were in turn removed in favor of the less powerful but reliable 245 hp high compression Maybach Mb.IVa.[2] In an attempt to maintain the performance of the Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI, a fifth Maybach engine was installed in the nose.

Four of the improved model R.XIVa were ordered by Idflieg late in the War. The XIVa had some weight reduction improvements and geared engines to increase the rate of climb, service ceiling and bomb load. These were built between 1918 and 1919. The R.XIVa machines were built by the Flugzeugwerft G.m.b.H. at Staaken west of Berlin.

Modified with 5 Maybach engines.

By 1918, allied engineers were still uncertain of the design of the bombers. In a lecture to the S.A.E. in June 1918, William Bushnell Stout was speculating if the giant German bombers were operating with 160 or 260 hp engines.[3]

Operational history[edit]

Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV 43/17 of Rfa 501 was brought down at 23:50 on August 10, 1918 by Capt A B Yuille of No 151 Sqn RAF, flying a Sopwith Camel D6573. It crashed 1 mile west of Lighthouse Talmas, near Doullens, and all crew members (Ltn Braun, Ofstv Buth, Ltn Corty, Vfw Donath, Flg Donnemaier, Flg Fonrobert, Uffz Kopp, Gefr Reuther and Flg Schneidersmann) were killed.[4]

"A five engined Gotha (Actually a Staaken R.XIV) came over about midnight and dropped a few bombs. The searchlights got him and this time Jerry had a surprise as our flying scouts were up, spotted Fritz at once and went for him. In a few minutes a fight as on and we soon saw the big Gotha (Staaken R.XIV) in flames. He came down and a number of soldiers ran to the burning wreck, when one of the bombs exploded in the heat. Several of those who were near were killed and more injured. This machine carried eight men, three had been shot, four burned and one staff officer had jumped with a parachute, but this failed to open so he too was killed" - Diary of Thomas Spencer[5]

R.XIVa with flight mechanic visible at his position between engines.

Operators[edit]

Specifications (Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIVa)[edit]

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7
  • Length: 22.5 m (73 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 42.2 m (138 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 6.3 m (20 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 334 m2 (3,600 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 10,000 kg (22,046 lb)
  • Gross weight: 14,250 kg (31,416 lb)
  • Powerplant: 5 × Maybach Mb.IVa in-line 6 cylinder, 183 kW (245 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 135 km/h (84 mph; 73 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 120 km/h (75 mph; 65 kn)
  • Range: 1,300 km (808 mi; 702 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,764 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 2.38 m/s (469 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 6 x lMG 08 7.92-mm machine guns[2]
  • Bombs: 2,000kg max

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV". airwar.ru. Corner of the sky. 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "World war one planes". riseofflight.com. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Zeppelin-Staaken R.XIV". Aerial age weekly. June 17, 1918. 
  4. ^ http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t139873.html
  5. ^ http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=117639

References[edit]

  • A. K. Rohrbach, “Das 1000-PS Verkehrsflugzeug der Zeppelin-Werke, Staaken,” Zeitschrift für Flugtechnik und Motorluftschiffahrt, vol. 12, no. 1 (15 January 1921);
  • E. Offermann, W. G. Noack, and A. R. Weyl, Riesenflugzeuge, in: Handbuch der Flugzeugkunde (Richard Carl Schmidt & Co., 1927).
  • The German Giants by G.W. Haddow and Peter M. Grosz.

External links[edit]