|Zeppelin-Staaken R.XVI (R.50)|
|Designer||Graf von Zeppelin|
The Zeppelin-Staaken R.XVI(Av) was a very large bomber (Riesenflugzeug), designed and built in Germany during 1918.
The R.XVI, an incremental improvement to the Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI, was one of a series of large bombers called Riesenflugzeuge, intended to be less vulnerable than dirigibles in use at the time. The R.XVI had four engines in a push-pull configuration, mounted in nacelles large enough for some inflight maintenance by flight mechanics, housed in nacelles between the engines.
Three aircraft were ordered to be completed by Automobil & Aviatik A.G., at Leipzig-Heiterblick. Only two R.XVIs were completed and only one of these, (R.49), flew before the Armistice on 11 November 1918. The third R.XVI (R.51) was 3/4 complete at the Armistice but was never completed.
Flight testing was carried out by R.49 during the war from September 1918, until a landing accident in October caused significant damage which was unlikely to have been repaired. The second aircraft, (R.50), was completed in 1919 as a civilian airliner, continuing the flight test programme until being flown to Döberitz for storage in November 1919.
Specifications (Zeppelin-Staaken R.XVI(Av))
Data from
- Crew: seven
- Length: 22.5 m (73 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 42.2 m (138 ft 5 in)
- Height: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 340 m2 (3,700 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 10,400 kg (22,928 lb)
- Gross weight: 14,650 kg (32,298 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Benz Bz.VI (pusher) V-12 water-cooled piston engines, 400 kW (530 hp) each
- Powerplant: 2 × Benz Bz.IV (tractor) 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engines, 160 kW (220 hp) each
- Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch wooden tractor and pusher propellers
- Maximum speed: 130 km/h (81 mph; 70 kn)
- Cruise speed: 135 km/h (84 mph; 73 kn)
- Range: 800 km (497 mi; 432 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 3,710 m (12,170 ft)
- Guns: Provision for nose, dorsal, ventral and two upper-wing machine-gun positions
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zeppelin-Staaken.|
- A. K. Rohrbach, “Das 1000-PS Verkehrsflugzeug der Zeppelin-Werke, Staaken,” Zeitschrift für Flugtechnik und Motorluftschiffahrt, vol. 12, no. 1 (15 January 1921);
- E. Offermann, W. G. Noack, and A. R. Weyl, Riesenflugzeuge, in: Handbuch der Flugzeugkunde (Richard Carl Schmidt & Co., 1927).
- The German Giants by G.W. Haddow and Peter M. Grosz.
- http://aeiou.iicm.tugraz.at/aeiou.film.f/f041a A Zeppelin-Staaken R XIVa airplane lands in Aspern, 1919