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Zeruah (Hebrew: צרועה ṣĕrûʿâ, "leper") was the mother[1] of Jeroboam / ירבעם, (first king of the northern kingdom of Israel, the ten tribes which revolted against Rehoboam, after his father Solomon's death).

She is mentioned only in a single verse of the Hebrew Bible.

"And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, he also lifted up his hand against the king" (1 Kings 11:26, American Standard Version).


  1. ^ An alternative interpretation of the English text claims that Zeruah was the grandmother of Jeroboam, being the mother of Nebat (Hebrew: נבת). But this is not supported by the Hebrew source.[citation needed] Additionally throughout the Books of Kings, it is standard practice to also list the names of kings' mothers, on the occasion of the beginning of their reign.