Zeruah (Hebrew: צרועה ṣĕrûʿâ, "leper") was the mother of Jeroboam / ירבעם, (first king of the northern kingdom of Israel, the ten tribes which revolted against Rehaboam, after his father Solomon's death).
She is mentioned only in a single verse of the Hebrew Bible.
"And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, he also lifted up his hand against the king" (1 Kings 11:26, American Standard Version).
- An alternate interpretation of the English text, claims Zeruah was the grandmother of Jeroboam, being the mother of Nebat (Hebrew: נבת). But this is not supported by the Hebrew source. Additionally throughout the Books of Kings, it is standard practice to also list the names of kings' mothers, on the occasion of the beginning of their reign.