Zerynthia rumina

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Zerynthia rumina
Zer rum1.jpg
Zerynthia rumina underside.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Zerynthia
Species: Z. rumina
Binomial name
Zerynthia rumina
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Spanish Festoon, Zerynthia rumina, is a butterfly belonging to the family Papilionidae. It is a widespread species in Spain and frequents most habitats.


North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula and southern France.


Zerynthia rumina is an extremely striking species. In South east France it can be confused with the "southern festoon", Zerynthia polyxena. The two can be told apart by the presence of blue on the hindwing of the Southern festoon Z. polyxena. The Spanish festoon (Z. rumina) also has extensive red on the forewings.

Flight Period[edit]

Generally April and May with the possibility of a very small second brood in September.

Roger Verity Collection in La Specola form names of Zerynthia



This species represents an extreme example of oversplitting.

rumina Linnaeus (andalusica Ribbe 1910) (South Spain: Andalusia, South Huelva, Cadiz, Gibraltar, Malaga, Seville)


tristis Verity

semitristis de Sagorra, 1930

xanthe Schultz, 1908 (mackeri Holland, 1910)

rubistriga Bryk

honorathii Boisduval, 1832

ochracea Staudinger, 1861

medicaste Illiger,

andalusica Ribbe, 1910

paucipunctata Neuburger

minusculus Eisner

ornatior Blachier, 1905

lusitanica Bryk, 1932 (Portugal:Lissabon, Algarve, Cintra, Belem, Oporto, Leca)

semitristis de Sagarra, 1930

paucipunctata Neuburger

ornatissima Blachier, 1908

nigricans Eisner

minusculus Eisner

aperta Eisner

divisa Schultz, 1908

canteneri Staudinger, 1861

ornatior Blachier, 1905 ( mauretanica Schultz, 1908, africana Stichel, 1907), (N Africa: Algeria, Morocco: "Tangier")

The name ornatior is not the correct one for the N African representative. canteneri (Heydenrich i.l.) Staudinger, 1861 (= canteneri Heyd. 1851, was originally applied to African populations and is the valid name, cf Felder and Felder (1864), Rothschild (1917), canteneri is generally considered a European form but the type locality was fixed 'Algeria' by the Felder brothers (l.c.) whereas Staudinger (1861) only, and apparently erroneously, referred the name to the Iberian form ochracea. Manley and Allcard (1970) following Bryk (1934) referred to canteneri Staudinger as an orange aberration of both sexes which is frequent in Morocco but occasionally appears in warmer parts of South Spain.


irregularis Holland, 1912

distorta Rothschild, 1918

ornatissima Blachier, 1908

nebulosa Holland, 1912

xanthe Schultze, 1908

honorathii Boisduval, 1832

poujadei Thierry-Meg, 1910

canteneri Staudinger, 1861

nigricans Holland, 1912

minusculus Eisner

posteriorrubromarginalis Eisner

paucipunctata Neuburger

External links[edit]