zeta-Carotene

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ζ-Carotene
Zeta-carotene.svg
Names
IUPAC name
7,7’,8,8’-Tetrahydro-ψ,ψ-carotene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
Properties
C40H60
Molar mass 540.920 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

ζ-Carotene (zeta-carotene) is a carotenoid. It is different to α-carotene and β-carotene because it is acyclic.[1] ζ-Carotene is similar in structure to lycopene, but has an additional 4 hydrogen atoms. ζ-carotene can be used as an intermediate in forming β-carotene.[2] A dehydrogenation reaction converts ζ-carotene into lycopene, which then can be transformed into β-carotene through the action of lycopene beta-cyclase.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chen Y, Li J, Fan K, Du Y, Ren Z, Xu J, Zheng J, Liu Y, Fu J, Ren D, Wang G (2017). "Mutations in the maize zeta-carotene desaturase gene lead to viviparous kernel". PLOS One. 12 (3): e0174270. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0174270. PMID 28339488.
  2. ^ "zeta-Carotene". PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  3. ^ Tomes ML, Quackenbush FW, Nelson OE, North B (March 1953). "The Inheritance of Carotenoid Pigment Systems in the Tomato". Genetics. 38 (2): 117–27. PMC 1209592. PMID 17247427.
  4. ^ Rosati C, Aquilani R, Dharmapuri S, Pallara P, Marusic C, Tavazza R, Bouvier F, Camara B, Giuliano G (November 2000). "Metabolic engineering of beta-carotene and lycopene content in tomato fruit". The Plant Journal. 24 (3): 413–9. doi:10.1046/j.1365-313x.2000.00880.x. PMID 11069713.