Zetland, New South Wales

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SydneyNew South Wales
Infinity building Green Square 003.jpg
Infinity Building, Botany Road
Population10,078 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density12,600/km2 (32,600/sq mi)
Area0.8 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location4 km (2 mi) south of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)City of Sydney
State electorate(s)Heffron
Federal division(s)Sydney
Suburbs around Zetland:
Alexandria Waterloo Moore Park
Alexandria Zetland Kensington
Beaconsfield Rosebery Kensington

Zetland is an inner suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia 4 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney.

Zetland is a largely industrial suburb with medium- to high-density residential areas. Zetland is part of the Green Square district which is currently undergoing extensive gentrification. This involves an urban renewal project that is constructing modern retail, life-style options, business and residential developments.

A new zone of Zetland made by Landcom called Victoria Park, is designated for medium to high density residential development and retail along South Dowling Street, with its other boundaries along O'Dea and Joynton Avenues.


Zetland was named for Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland, who was a friend of Governor Sir Hercules Robinson.[2] Zetland is an archaic spelling of Shetland.

Zetland Hotel

Zetland originally featured a lagoon and wetlands which was drained in the early 1900s to create the Victoria Park racecourse.[3] It was bordered by O’Dea Avenue, South Dowling Street, Epsom Road and Joynton Avenue. The privately owned racecourse was closed after World War II. The land was bought by British businessman Lord Nuffield in 1947 and from 1950 the site was utilised by Nuffield Australia for a motor vehicle assembly facility.[4] Vehicle production was continued by Nuffield Australia and its successors BMC Australia and Leyland Australia[5] until the factory was closed in 1975.[6] The site was acquired by the Commonwealth of Australia for a Naval Stores depot which operated until the mid-1990s. The land was subsequently redeveloped into high density housing (location: 33°54′29″S 151°12′38″E / 33.908°S 151.2105°E / -33.908; 151.2105).

Zetland Post Office was first opened on 4 January 1937 and closed on 29 September 1983.[7]

Former tram line[edit]

From 1902 a tram service operated through Zetland. The line initially ran via Chalmers and Redfern Streets and south along Elizabeth Street to Zetland. In 1924, the line was extended to Epsom Road in Rosebery. In 1948, to facilitate construction of the Eastern Suburbs Railway, a new line was constructed down Elizabeth Street between Devonshire Street and Redfern Street and the route was deviated to run down this new section. The line was electrified double track throughout. The line was closed in 1957.

Waterloo Wetlands[edit]

Terraced Houses

The Waterloo Wetlands once dominated the landscape of the surrounding areas of Waterloo and Zetland. Woolwash Park Pond is the only remnant of this landscape which connected to a vast aquifer that still runs below the site. In the 1800s industries such as wool washing and tanning were attracted to this area by the clean water from the aquifer. Vegetation remains.

Woolwash Park Pond is an important part of the innovative water management and irrigation system at Victoria Park, Zetland. Because the pond is used for irrigation, fish and aquatic plants are banned from the pond.

Apartments along Ascot Avenue


In the 2016 Census, there were 10,078 people in Zetland. 28.7% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 31.0%, England 3.3%, Indonesia 2.5%, Ireland 2.0% and Hong Kong 2.0%. 36.8% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 29.6%, Cantonese 5.0%, Indonesian 2.6%, Spanish 1.6% and Korean 1.3%. The most common responses for religion in Zetland were No Religion 50.4%, and Catholic 15.1%.[1]

Of occupied private dwellings in Zetland, 91.4% were flat or apartments and 7.9% were semi-detached.[1]


Zetland is a transport hub with rail, bus and cycle way connections to the rest of the city. Green Square railway station on the Airport & South Line of the Sydney Trains network is located on the southwestern edge of Zetland. Central railway station is the next station to the north and Mascot railway station is the next station to the south.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Zetland (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Zetland". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 July 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ Weirick, J.Watering Sydney. Architecture Australia. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  4. ^ BMC-Leyland Australia Heritage Group, Building Cars in Australia, 2012, page 21
  5. ^ BMC-Leyland Australia Heritage Group, Building Cars in Australia, 2012, page 176
  6. ^ BMC-Leyland Australia Heritage Group, Building Cars in Australia, 2012, page 166
  7. ^ Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List, retrieved 5 February 2021

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°54′29″S 151°12′38″E / 33.908°S 151.2105°E / -33.908; 151.2105