Zhajiangmian ( simplified Chinese: 炸酱面; traditional Chinese: 炸醬麵; literally: "fried sauce noodles"), also noodles in soybean paste, is a Chinese dish consisting of thick wheat noodles topped with zhajiang sauce. Zhajiang sauce is normally made by simmering stir-fried ground pork or beef with salty fermented soybean paste.
Beijing cuisine, yellow soybean paste is used, while in Tianjin and other parts of China sweet bean sauce, hoisin sauce, or broad (fava) bean sauce may be used in place of the yellow soybean paste. Soy sauce can also be used instead of the soybean paste. Zhajiang also means "fried sauce" in Chinese. Although the sauce itself is made by stir-frying, this homonym does not carry over into the Traditional Chinese term, which describes the actual bean paste.
vegetarian version of zhajiang sauce may be made by substituting ground beef or pork with finely diced extra firm smoked tofu (熏豆腐干), edamame (毛豆), eggplant, or extra firm tofu (素鸡). Lacto-ovo vegetarian versions may use chopped omelette alongside or in lieu of extra firm tofu or edamame.
The vegetarian versions generally call for
soybean paste of any sort instead of soy sauce, since the tofu chunks are larger and need more structure. Low-fat dieters often use ground, skinless chicken for the meat portion since ground turkey is not very popular in Asia, and a halal version is often made with ground beef or lamb.
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