Wei (Dingling)

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Wei

388–392
Zhai Wei in 391 AD
Zhai Wei in 391 AD
StatusKingdom
CapitalHuatai
GovernmentMonarchy
Tian Wang 
• 388-391
Zhai Liao
• 391-392
Zhai Zhao
Historical eraSixteen Kingdoms
• Zhai Liao's last break with Later Yan
387
• Established
388
• Disestablished
392
• Zhai Zhao's execution by Western Yan
393
Succeeded by
Later Yan
Western Yan
Today part ofChina

Wei (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wèi) was a state of Dingling ethnicity that existed from 388 to 392, during the Sixteen Kingdoms period of Chinese history. It is often referred to as Zhai Wei to be distinguished from numerous other states named Wei in history. Its founder Zhai Liao had previously been vacillating between being a vassal of Later Yan, Western Yan, and Jin dynasty, and in 388, after his last overture to reconcile with Later Yan's emperor Murong Chui was rejected, he declared his own state, over the territory of modern central and eastern Henan. In 392, Wei, then under Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, was destroyed by Later Yan forces. Because of its relatively small size and short lifespan, Wei is generally not included by historians among the Sixteen Kingdoms.

The rulers of Wei used the title "Heavenly King" (Tian Wang).

Rulers of Wei[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
None None Zhai Liao (翟遼 zhái liáo) 388-391 Jianguang (建光 jiàn guāng) 388-391
None None Zhai Zhao (翟釗 zhái zhāo) 391-392 Dingding (定鼎 dìng dǐng) 391-392

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Theobald, Ulrich. "Chinese History - Dingling 丁零". chinaknowledge.de. Retrieved 2015-11-09.
  • Historical Dictionary of Medieval China, p. 119, at Google Books