|Nickname(s)||Big head sheep|
Gaoyao, Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China
Danyang, Jiangsu, China
|Years of service||1849–1861|
Lieutenant General, 1853
Captain General (湖南提督), 1855
Field Marshal (江南提督), 1857
|Commands held||Jiangnan DaYing|
|Battles/wars||First rout the Army Group Jiangnan,1853--1856|
Second rout the Army Group Jiangnan 1857--1860
|Awards||royal BATURU (Manchu: the Brave) in 1853|
Imperial yellow jacket (黃馬褂) in 1857
Baron Yiyong of the First Class, Order of succession (勇毅一等男爵, 世襲)
Zhang Guoliang (traditional Chinese: 張國樑; simplified Chinese: 张国梁; pinyin: Zhāng Guóliáng; 1810 - April 1860), born in Guangdong, was a Field Marshal for the Qing dynasty. He was born in Gaoyao, Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China, although Qing state that he is from Meixian, Guangdong. He was originally a bandit in Guangxi but later joined the Qing Army. He raised the Green Standard Army by 250,000 to fight against the Taiping Rebellion in the second rout the Army Group Jiangnan in 1860 and was defeated by Li Xiucheng. Zhang served as a minister to the emperor and a vice commander of Army Group Jiangnan until his death by suicide. Zeng Guofan praised Zhang and said he was Jiangnan's "Great Wall of China."
Recovery of Zhenjiang
In 1856, Zhang GuoLiang led his army in the recovery of Zhenjiang, which had been occupied by Taiping for five years. The Emperor rewarded Zhang with the Imperial yellow jacket and promoted him to First Class Senior General.
In April 1860, Zhang was defeated and led his remaining 20,000 soldiers in retreat to Danyang. He left the city on horseback and drowned while trying to escape. His body was not found immediately; it was eventually buried in the Nanjing Pantheon.
- Royal BATURU (Manchu:the Brave) in 1853
- Imperial yellow jacket(黃馬褂) in 1857
- Baron Yiyong of the First Class, Order of succession (勇毅一等男爵, 世襲)
| Chief commander of Jiangnan DaYing