|Chinese name||張瑞芳 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||张瑞芳 (simplified)|
15 June 1909|
Baoding, Hebei, China
|Died||28 June 2012
|Years active||1938 – 2012|
Zhang Ruifang (15 June 1909 – 28 June 2012) was a Chinese film and theatre actress. She is considered one of China's greatest actresses.
Zhang was born on 15 June 1909 in Baoding in Hebei Province. She studied painting in the Western style at Beiping's National Arts School. She completed the course in 1935. After joining the Communist Party in 1937 she joined the Chinese Drama Society and after she completed her course in 1936 she was employed on the stage. During the war with Japan she performed to support the national effort to resist the Japanese invasion. During the war she took the lead in her first film. The director Sun Yu cast her as a double agent in the film Baptism of Fire. By 1943 she was married for the second time to Jin Shan who served as a spy for the communist party.
In 1963, Zhang won Hundred Flowers Award for Best Actress for her household character in comedy Li Shuangshuang. She is considered to be of the "four great drama actresses" in China (四大名旦), along with Bai Yang, Shu Xiuwen and Qin Yi. Zhangs portrayal and the film were praised by the premier Zhou Enlai. Zhang played a character who took an equal role to the men in the story.
She completed ten more films before she retired from acting in 1982. After she retired she took an interest in politics. She served on the National Committees of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference three times. She was also on national committees for women and another for art and literature.
|Year||English Title||Chinese Title||Role||Notes|
|1940||Baptism of Fire||火的洗礼||Fang Yin|
|1947||On the Songhua River||松花江上||Niuer|
|1952||Civil war||南征北战||Zhao Yumin|
|1957||The Song of Phoenix||凤凰之歌||Jin Feng|
|1958||By The River||三八河边||Chen Shuzhen|
|1959||Nie Er||聂耳||Zheng Leidian|
|Always Colorful Spring||万紫千红总是春||Wang Caifeng|
|1962||Li Shuangshuang||李双双||Li Shuangshuang|
|1964||Li Shanzi||李善子||Li Shanzi||Banned during the Cultural Revolution|
|Roar! The Yellow River||怒吼吧！黄河||A Dan|
|1982||Fountain Jingling||泉水叮咚||Grandma Tao|
- "Famous actress Zhang Ruifang dies". Globaltimes.cn. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- Zhang Ruifang, China.org.cn, Retrieved 14 June 2016
- The Last Reservoir of Glamour From China’s ‘Four Great Actresses’, 30 November 2015, Jane Perlez, NYTimes, Retrieved 14 June 2016
- 中国第一代才艺双馨女星 Jiamusi Daily May 20, 2011
- 影剧四大名旦 名人传记 March 08, 2011
- Veteran Actress and Iconaclast of Stage and Screen, 14 April 2010, WomenofChina, Retrieved 14 June 2016