Zhang Tingyu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhang.
Portrait of Zhang Tingyu

Zhang Tingyu (Chinese: 張廷玉; Wade–Giles: Chang T'ingyü, October 29, 1672 – April 30, 1755) was a Han Chinese politician and historian who lived in the Qing dynasty.

Zhang Tingyu was born in Tongcheng in Anhui province. In 1700, he obtained a jinshi position in the imperial examination and shortly afterwards he was appointed to the Hanlin Academy. He subsequently rose through the ranks in the Qing civil service and served under the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors. Zhang Tingyu was especially trusted by the Yongzheng Emperor, who made him one of the first members of the Grand Council, an informal state organ which would, in due course, develop into the emperor's own privy council. His colleagues included renowned figures like Ma Qi.

Zhang was an upstanding civil service officer and highly praised for both his upright character and principled background. Having considerable skill in literature, he compiled the History of Ming in 1739. There is some confusion as to whether he or another trusted officer Longkodo was the principal announcer of the will of Kangxi. Zhang was the only official to survive the battles of succession from Kangxi to Yongzheng to Qianlong, and was trusted by all three emperors.


See also[edit]