From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Zhang Yeshe De)
Jump to: navigation, search

There appear to be two Jnanasutras, with different Tibetan orthographies for their names.

The first, Wylie: ye shes mdo,[1] flourished from the 5th-6th centuries. According to Dzogchen legends, he was an early Dzogchen practitioner of Vajrayāna Buddhism and a disciple of Sri Singha. This Jnanasutra was a spiritual brother of Vimalamitra, another principal disciple of Sri Singha.[2]

According to Tarthang Tulku (1980),[3] the second Jnanasutra was the principal lotsawa (Wylie: ye shes sde) of the 8th-9th century of the first wave of translations from Sanskrit to Tibetan.[4]

In Jigme Lingpa's terma of the ngöndro of the Longchen Nyingthig he writes what approximates the phonemic Sanskrit of 'Jnanasutra' in Tibetan script as Tibetan: ཛྙཱ་ན་སཱུ་ཏྲWylie: dznyā na sū tra, rather than his name in Tibetan and this comes just after a sentence to Sri Singha and before mentioning Vimalamitra.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Dharma Dictionary (2008). Jnanasutra (accessed: January 29, 2008)
  2. ^ Dowman, Keith (undated). Legends of the Dzogchen Masters. Source: [1] (accessed: January 29, 2008)
  3. ^ Tarthang Tulku (1980), Guide to the Nyingma Edition of the sDe-dge bKa '-'gyur/bsTan-'gur. Vol. 1, California, USA, 1980
  4. ^ Rhaldi, Sherab (undated). 'Ye-Shes-sDe; Tibetan Scholar and Saint'. Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library. Source: [2] (accessed: Wednesday April 1, 2009)