Zhao County

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Zhao County
赵县
County
Country China
Province Hebei
Prefecture Shijiazhuang
Area
 • Total 675 km2 (261 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 550,000
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website https://web.archive.org/web/20061004061816/http://zhaoxian.gov.cn/

Zhao County (Zhaoxian) (simplified Chinese: 赵县; traditional Chinese: 趙縣; pinyin: Zhào Xiàn), a historic town called Zhaozhou (赵州) in the past, is located in Hebei 40 km southeast of the provincial capital Shijiazhuang, and 280 km south of Beijing. Its total land area is 675 km² and total population is around 550,000. There are many historical sites in Zhao County, including the Zhaozhou (Anji) bridge (赵州桥), Yongtong Bridge (永通桥), Tuoluonijing Tower (陀罗尼经幢), and Bailin (Cypress Grove) Temple (柏林寺). The county is also famous for its agricultural products: snowflake pears (xuehua pear), asparagus,and high-quality wheat.

History[edit]

Known for its long history, the earliest written record of Zhao Zhou dates back 2500 years ago.[citation needed] During the Shang Dynasty, Zhao Zhou was a center of horse breeding in Kingdom Fang (方国). Various names were used for where Zhao Xian is located nowadays, including Jipu (棘蒲),Pingji (平棘),Zhaojun (赵郡), Qingyuan (庆源) and others. Zhao meaning "most beautiful violet flower"[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Zhao Xian is located in the middle of North China Plain; its elevation is fairly low and topography fairly flat.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Towns:

Townships:

Demographics[edit]

Most residents are Han Chinese.

Notable residents[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°44′47″N 114°46′8″E / 37.74639°N 114.76889°E / 37.74639; 114.76889