Zhao Tingyang

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Zhao Tingyang

Native name
ResidenceGuangdong, China
Alma materRenmin University of China, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Notable work
"The Tianxia System: An Introduction to the Philosophy of a World Institution"
InstitutionsChinese Academy of Social Sciences, Peking University Berggruen Research Institute
Main interests

Zhao Tingyang (Chinese: 赵汀阳)[romanization needed] born 1961 in Guangdong, China is a philosopher credited with modernising the ancient Chinese concept of Tianxia.[1][2]


Zhao Tingyang graduated from Renmin University of China and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and is now a professor in the Institute of Philosophy at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and is a senior fellow of Peking University Berggruen Research Institute.[1]

His works are mainly on metaphilosophy, ethics and political philosophy.

In 2005, he published 'The Tianxia System: An Introduction to the Philosophy of a World Institution'. His latest book 'Investigations of the Bad World: Political Philosophy as First Philosophy' was published in 2009.



  • "On Possible Life", 1994, 2004
  • "One or All Problem", 1998
  • "The World without a World-view", 2003
  • "The Tianxia System: An Introduction to the Philosophy of a World Institution", 2005[3]
  • "Investigations of the Bad World: Political Philosophy as First Philosophy", 2009
  • "First Philosophy: From cogito to facio", 2012
  • "Contemporary Chinese Political Thought: Debates and Perspectives"[4]

Academic articles[edit]

  • Zhao Tingyang. 2012. The ontology of coexistence: From cogito to facio. Diogenes 57:4, (228): 27-36
  • Zhao Tingyang and Yan Xin. 2008. The self and the other: An unanswered question in Confucian theory. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3, (2): 163-176
  • Zhao Tingyang. 2009. Ontology of coexistence. Diogène 228, (4): 35-49
  • Zhao Tingyang. 2009. A political world philosophy in terms of All-under-Heaven (tian-xia). Diogenes 56, (1): 5-18, 140
  • Zhao Tingyang. 2006. Rethinking empire from a Chinese concept 'All-under-Heaven' (tian-xia). Social identities 12, (1): 29-41
  • Zhao Tingyang. 2007. 'Credit human rights': A non-western theory of universal human rights. Social sciences in China XXVIII, (1): 14-26
  • Zhao Tingyang. 2005. On the best possible golden rule. Social sciences in China XXVI, (4): 12-22[5]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zhao Tingyang - People". Berggruen Institute. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  2. ^ "The Tianxia System | China Heritage Quarterly". www.chinaheritagequarterly.org. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  3. ^ Wang, Ban (2017-09-01). Chinese Visions of World Order: Tianxia, Culture, and World Politics. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822372448.
  4. ^ Dallmayr, Fred Reinhard; Zhao, Tingyang (2012-06-21). Contemporary Chinese Political Thought: Debates and Perspectives. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813136424.
  5. ^ "Publications of Zhao Tingyang". Cairn Institute.