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See also: Battles of Zhawar
Zhawar is located at 32.878889 N, 69.670833 E.
Zhawar is, additionally, the name of a village within Khost Province, approximately six miles distant from the boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Mir Bahmanyar writes of the caves during 1986. He states there were caves carved into the rock face on the side facing Pakistan. The caves were ten metres long at the maximum, four metres wide and three metres tall. The cave sides had walls of brick. Altogether there were forty-one caves. The caves had doors of iron painted over with bright colours. All the caves were fitted with elecrical power.
Zhawar Kili is suspected to have been an area where al Qaeda fighters regrouped after the bombardment of Tora Bora.
The Zhawar Kili al Badr training camp was based here during 2002.
A statement published January 2002, showing the report of the deputy director of operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time, stated the site was a very large complex (approximately 4.8 by 4.8 kilometres square roughly). Rear Adm. J.D. Stufflebeem stated of the Zhawar Kili al Badr training camp, that it contained at least sixty buildings and caves of a number greater than fifty.
January 2002 saw the insertion of a supported Navy Seals team, who were positioned to perform reconnaissance. Upon discovering a complex of approximately seventy caves converted to facilities for ordnance, they instead proceeded to perform the destruction of this. At the location the men also found classrooms, rooms for cooking, quarters for sleep, and offices, which were constructed using bricks, concrete and steel beams.
American cruise missiles bombed a suspected al Qaeda site in Zhawar Kili in 1998 in retaliation for the bombing of the American Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.
The United States Air Force performed bombings during 2001. A bombing during November 2001, was indirectly caused by Richard A. Beck, a geologist at the University of Cincinnati who informed the Department of Defense he could identify the rocks showing within video footage of Osama bin Laden released during October 2001, from a field trip he had made to Khowst. Ascertainment of the location was facilitated by the utilization of GIS technology and remote sensing.
During 2002, a period of bombing began, apparently, during the 3rd of January, and included a period from the 6th to the 14th of January 2002. The United States (of America) Department of Defense released a video of the bombardment of Zhawar Kili during March 2002.
Location from above
- J. Mulholland - text published by ABC-CLIO, 8th Oct 2010, 1887 pages, ISBN 1851099484 (edited by S.C. Tucker) [Retrieved 2015-11-14]
- site published by ITA, data from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency & U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Combat Support Agency [Retrieved 2015-11-21]
- L.W. Adamec - written work published by Scarecrow Press, 7th April 2010, 520 pages, ISBN 1461731895 [Retrieved 2015-11-14]
- word conversion (English to Persian) published by Glosbe [Retrieved 2015-11-14]
- B.G. Williams 12 May 2013. work (PDF). published by Routledge - Taylor & Francis group. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
- M. Bahmanyar -  published by Osprey Publishing April 20, 2012, 64 pages, ISBN 1780966296 [Retrieved 2015-11-23]
- E. Schrader and E. Slater - article published by Los Angeles Times January 15, 2002 [Retrieved 2015-11-22]
- John Dickson Stufflebeem - Pentagon Briefing: Zawar Kili Buildings Searched, Destroyed Aired January 14, 2002, published by CNN [Retrieved 2015-11-22]
- E. Schrader and E. Slater - article published January 15, 2002 by the Los Angeles Times [Retrieved 2015-11-14]
- H. Halberstadt - text published by Zenith Imprint, ISBN 161060766X [Accessed 2015-11-14]
- Marianne Kunnen-Jones (2002-10-30). "Scouting Out Al Queda: Researcher Develops New Methods of Counter-Terrorism". University of Cincinnati. Archived from the original on November 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. mirror
- "DoD News Briefing - Gen. Myers". Department of Defense. Retrieved 2008-11-15. mirror
- D.R. Caldwell, J. Ehlen, R.S. Harmon - text published by Springer Science & Business Media, 4 November 2007, 348 pages, ISBN 140203105X [Retrieved 2015-11-15]
- S. Sloan, S.K. Anderson - text published by Scarecrow Press, 3 Aug 2009, 880 pages, ISBN 0810863111, Historical Dictionaries of War, Revolution, and Civil Unrest [Retrieved 2015-11-15]
- J.E. Pike (Director) (GlobalSecurity.org). report. GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-11-22. External link in
- Headquarters of the U.S. Air force (Office of Lessons Learned - AF/XOL). Operation Anaconda An Air power perspective (document/AFD-140917-026.pdf) (PDF). Air Force Historical Studies Division 7th February 2005, 133 pages, U.S. Air force. Retrieved 2015-11-21. External link in
- "DoD News Briefing - ASD PA Clarke and Rear Adm. Stufflebeem". published by United States (of America) Department of Defense. 2002-01-07. Archived from the original on November 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. mirror
- "Building in Zhawar Kili Complex. (.mpg 3 MB) (020108-D-6570C-001)". published by United States (of America) Department of Defense. 2002-01-07. Archived from the original on November 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. mirror
- "Building in Zhawar Kili Complex. (2.rm 1 MB) (020108-D-6570C-002)". published by United States (of America) Department of Defense. 2002-01-07. Retrieved 2008-11-15. mirror
- link published by salah times
- D.B. Edwards (1984) - text published by John Wiley & Sons, 24 Jan 2012