|Born||2 September 1950|
|Known for||Human Rights advocacy|
Zheng Enchong is a Shanghai-based Weiquan (rights defending) lawyer. Zheng was sentenced in 2003 to three years in prison for his advocacy on behalf of citizens who had been forcibly evicted from their homes. The charge stemmed from two faxes Zheng was alleged to have sent to the New York-based organisation Human Rights in China concerning workers' protests. Upon his release from prison, he remained under house arrest.
Zheng Enchong had advised more than 500 families displaced by Shanghai’s urban redevelopment projects on their rights to fair compensation. In 2005, he received the Human Rights Award of the German Association of Judges.
A lawyer from Shanghai, represented or advised around 500 families who were evicted due to urban redevelopment in the city, and who received little or no compensation from the authorities. He was detained in June 2003, days after a group of evicted residents he had advised appeared in court attempting to sue the authorities for adequate compensation, alleging collusion between officials and a wealthy property developer.
Zheng, Enchong was later charged and sentenced to three years in prison for "supplying state secrets to foreign entities" in connection with faxes he sent to Human Rights in China, an NGO based in New York. There are serious concerns that Zheng, Enchong’s detention and conviction were aimed at preventing him from continuing with his advocacy work. A lasting effect of his conviction has been a reported decrease in the number of lawyers in Shanghai willing to "risk" defending people’s rights to housing for fear of reprisals.
On December 8, 2005, the German Judges Association presented Zheng Enchong with its “Human Rights Award” at a reception attended by the German president. Jiang Meili was invited to receive the award on Zheng’s behalf, but his wife Jiang Meili was restricted from leaving China. Therefore, a petitioner of Hong Kong accepted the award on his behalf.
Zheng, Enchong was released on June 5, 2006, but remained under house arrest.
- Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Rights and Rule of Law - News and Analysis: Authorities Punish Imprisoned Activist Zheng Enchong After He Receives Human Rights Award, 4 January 2006
- Member of European Parliament Discusses Sensitive Issues With China Rights Lawyer in Shanghai (part 1), 28 November 2008
- Member of European Parliament Discusses Sensitive Issues With China Rights Lawyer in Shanghai (part 2), 28 November 2008
- China Aid, Christian Attorney Zheng Enchong Interrogated and Tortured by China Police, 23 June 2009
- Radio Sound of Hope, on YouTube, 21 June 2009
- Jerome A. Cohen, “SHANGHAIED” AT HOME — AND FOREVER?", NYU U.S.-Asia Law Institute, 9 June 2010
- Jerome A. Cohen and Yu-Jie Chen, 'Prisoner in his own home', South China Morning Post, June 10, 2010
- Joseph Kahn, China: Lawyer Sentenced, New York Times, 29 October 2003
- Howard W. French, A Mild Shanghai Lawyer and His Accidental Crusade, New York Times, 18 September 2004
- Howard W. French, Scandals Emerging in Shanghai as Political Season Nears, New York Times, 5 September 2006
- Howard W. French, Police Said to Have Assaulted Rights Lawyer in China New York Times, 26 February 2008
- Human Rights in China, Further Harassment of Zheng Enchong’s Wife, 4 March 2004
- Amnesty International, Document - China: Human rights defenders at risk 6 December 2004.
- Deutsche Richterbund Menschenrechtspreis des DRB http://www.drb.de/cms/index.php?id=51&L=0&no_cache=1&sword_list Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Human Rights in China, 'Shanghai Lawyer Zheng Enchong Under De Facto House Arrest', 28 June 2006