Zheng Xie

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Zheng Xie

Zheng Xie (Chinese: 鄭燮; pinyin: Zhèng Xiè; 1693–1765), commonly known as Zheng Banqiao (Chinese: 鄭板橋\郑板桥; pinyin: Zhèng Bǎnqiáo) was a Chinese painter from Jiangsu. He began life in poverty, but rose in the exam system to become a magistrate at Shandong. However, after 12 years, he became critical of the life of an official as he refused to ingratiate himself with senior officials. When he was reportedly criticized for building a shelter for the poor, he resigned. After that, he expressed himself in art and became one of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou. He was noted for his drawing of orchids, bamboo, and stones. In 1748 he briefly resumed an official career as "official calligrapher and painter" for the Qianlong Emperor.

Zheng was also a calligrapher who created a new calligraphy style influenced by his orchid drawings. Added to this, he had an interest in literature and poetry. He preferred to write about ordinary people in a natural style.

Calligraphical work of Zheng Xie, now collected in Shandong Museum
Orchids, Bamboo and Rocks, hand scroll by Zheng Xie, 1762, Shanghai Museum
Herbaceous peony viewing pavilion with Zheng Xie calligraphed horizontal board in Thin West Lake of Yangzhou


  • Hummel, Arthur W. Sr., ed. (1943). "Chêng Hsieh" . Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period. United States Government Printing Office.

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