Zhengzhou Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Zhengzhou Metro
Zhengzhou Metro logo.svg
Overview
OwnerCity of Zhengzhou
LocaleZhengzhou, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4
Number of stations88
Daily ridership691,233 (2017 average)[1]
1,229,135 (2018 Peak)[2]
Websitewww.zzmetro.com
Operation
Began operationDecember 28, 2013; 5 years ago (2013-12-28)[3]
Operator(s)Zhengzhou Metro Group Co. Ltd.
Technical
System length134.1 km (83 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge)
ElectrificationDC 1500 V overhead line
Zhengzhou Metro
Traditional Chinese鄭州地鐵
Simplified Chinese郑州地铁
Operational lines of Zhengzhou Metro

Zhengzhou Metro (Chinese: 郑州地铁; pinyin: Zhèngzhōu Dìtiě) is a rapid transit rail network serving urban and suburban districts of Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan province. It is operated by the state owned Zhengzhou Metro Group. As of May 2019, the network has 4 operational lines, with a network length of 134.1 kilometres (83.3 mi) and 88 stations. Opened on 28 December 2013[3], it is the first and currently the only operational metro system in Henan, and 18th in mainland China.

History[edit]

"Project 7401"[edit]

The history of the metro network in Zhengzhou dates back to 1974, when the first metro project in Zhengzhou was planned. It was called as the "Project 7401", since it was the first project approved by the CPC Henan Provincial Committee in 1974. The project was designed for both civilian and military use, as a single track metro line in peacetime, and could be used for civil defense during war. The first phase was planned to start at Huayuan Road (near Zijingshan), then move westward via Erqi Square, and ends at the Cable Factory on Funiu Road, with 6 stations. Part of the planned route was similar to the route of the current Line 1. Construction began in 1975, and stopped in 1980, when the project was finally called off. Some sections of the tunnels and one station in Bishagang (not the current Bishagang station) had been completed then. The completed station was transformed into an underground department store in 1982.[4]

The First Round of Construction[edit]

In 2000, the planning of the current Zhengzhou Metro system was started. The plan had been adjusted several times, and was finalized in 2008. The first phase of the system, including Line 1 and Line 2, was approved by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in February 2009.[5][6] Construction of Line 1 started on 6 June 2009[7] and Line 2 started construction on 28 December 2010.[8] As planned, Line 1 and Line 2 commenced operations on 26 December 2013 and 19 August 2016 respectively. On January 12, 2017, Chengjiao line started operation. It is in through services with Line 2 and allows the system to serve the Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport.[9]

The Second Round of Construction[edit]

In April 2014, the NDRC published the Construction Plan of Zhengzhou Rapid Transit System (2014-2020), marking the start of the second round of construction. The plan includes the Line 1 Phase II, Line 2 Phase II, Line 3 Phase I, Line 4, and Line 5, with a total length of 120.7 kilometres (75.0 mi).[10] The second phase of Line 1 was put into use on 12 January 2017,[9] Line 5 opened on 20 May 2019, and other 3 lines are still under construction.

The Third Round of Construction[edit]

In April 2019, the NDRC approved the Phase III Construction Plan of Zhengzhou Rapid Transit System (2019-2024), marking the start of the third round of construction.[11] The plan includes the Line 3 Phase II, and the first phase of Line 6, Line 7, Line 8, Line 10, Line 12 and Line 14 with a total length of 159.6 kilometres (99.2 mi).[12] Line 10 and Line 14 are already under construction.[13]

Lines in operation[edit]

Line Termini
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length (km) Stations Depots/Stabling Sidings
01 1  Henan University of Technology
(Zhongyuan)
Wenyuanbeilu
(Jinshui)
2013 2017 41.4 29[a] Zhengdong / Kaixuan Road
02 2  Liuzhuang
(Jinshui)
Nansihuan
(Guancheng)
2016 20.6 16 Chengnan
02 5 
Loop line
Yuejigongyuan
(Zhongyuan)
Yuejigongyuan
(Zhongyuan)
2019 40.4 31[b] Zhongzhou Avenue / Wulongkou
 Chengjiao  Nansihuan
(Guancheng)
Xinzheng International Airport
(Xinzheng)
2017 31.7 12[c] Mengzhuang
Total 134.1 88
  1. ^ New Campus of Henan University station is not in operation.
  2. ^ Jingbeierlu station is not in operation.
  3. ^ Xiaoqiao, Hua'nancheng East, Gangqu North are not in operation.

Line 1[edit]

Line 1 is a west–east line with a total length of 41.4 kilometres (25.7 mi), starting from Henan University of Technology and ending in New Campus of Henan University. It interchanges with Line 2 at Zijingshan. This line connects many important places or areas of the city, including Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou railway station, Zhengdong New Area, Zhengzhou East railway station and the Longzihu College Area. CSR Zhuzhou supplied six-car Type B metro trains for Line 1 under a contract signed in January 2011.[14] The first phase, 26.34 kilometres (16.37 mi) long with 20 stations, is entirely underground and was opened in 2013.[15] On 12 January 2017, both east and west extensions of the line opened, adding 15.01 km and 9 stations to the line.[16] The color for Line 1 is red.

Line 2[edit]

Line 2, a north–south line with a total length of 27.30 kilometres (16.96 mi), starts from Jiahe in Huiji District and ends in Nansihuan in Guancheng, with 22 stations.[8] It interchanges with Line 1 at Zijingshan. The first phase of Line 2 (Liuzhuang-Nansihuan), 20.6 kilometres (12.8 mi) long with 16 stations, was opened on 19 August 2016.[17][18] The second phase (north extension, from Liuzhuang to Jiahe) is under construction. According to future plan, the southern terminus of Line 2 will be Shibalihe, which is currently operated as a station on Chengjiao line, after the completion of Line 9. The color for Line 2 is yellow.

Line 5[edit]

Platform of Line 5 at Huanghelu station

Line 5, the first loop line in Zhengzhou Metro system, is 40.4 kilometres (25.1 mi) long with 32 stations (31 stations in operation). It runs mainly under Huanghe Road, Shangwu Outer Ring Road, Xinyi Road, Hanghai Road, Tongbai Road and Xizhan Road, forming a loop around the city center. Line 5 opened on 20 May 2019.[19] It is also the first metro line in Zhengzhou to use Type A metro trains, which were manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive. The color for Line 5 is green.

Chengjiao line[edit]

Mengzhuang station of Chengjiao line

Chengjiao line is a suburban metro line with a total length of 31.7 kilometres (19.7 mi), starting from Nansihuan in Guancheng and ending in Xinzheng International Airport, with 14 stations (11 operational now).[16] This line was opened on January 12, 2017.[20] The line connects the city with Longhu Town, Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone and Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport. Trains on this line are currently in through operation with Line 2. According to the plan, it will be operated as a part of Line 9 in the future. This line has the same yellow color as Line 2 on the signs, although the system map on Zhengzhou Metro's website shows this line with magenta.

Future lines[edit]

The system plan of Zhengzhou Metro (2020)
The long-term plan of Zhengzhou Metro (2050)

The names of the stations in the following tables are proposed names and future changes are highly possible.

Lines under construction[edit]

Currently, 8 lines are under construction, including Line 2 (Phase II),[21] Line 3 (Phase I),[22] Line 4,[23] Line 6 (Phase I), Line 10 (Phase I, also known as Zhenggong line), Line 14 (Phase I), Line 17 (also known as Zhengxu line) and Chengjiao line (Phase II).[24]

Line Phase or section Termini
(District)
Length (km) Stations Planned date of opening Route description
 2  Phase II Jiahe
(Huiji)
Liuzhuang
(Jinshui)
10.25[25] 6[25] Late 2019[25] The north extension of Line 2.
 3  Phase I Henan Sports Center
(Huiji)
Yinggang
(Guancheng)
25.488[26] 21[26] Late 2020[27] A northwest-southeast line running across the city center.
 4  Laoyachen
(Huiji)
Langzhuang
(Guancheng)
29.287[28] 27[28] Late 2020 A northwest-southeast line running across the northern and eastern parts of the city, serving the Longhu area and Zhengdong New Area CBD.
 6  Phase I Jiayu
(Xingyang)
Changzhuang
(Zhongyuan)
18.6[29] 10[29] 2020 Planned to be a southwest-northeast line when fully completed. The Phase I is the westernmost section, which connects Jiayu with the CCD area in the west of the city.
 10 
( Zhenggong )
Phase I Zhengzhou Railway Station
(Erqi)
Shangjie Airport
(Shangjie)
42.627[29] 22[29] 2020 Also named as Zhengzhou-Gongyi Intercity Railway (Zhenggong line). Planned to be a line connecting the city center with Gongyi, with the Phase I to Shangjie.
 14  Phase I Xushui
(Zhongyuan)
Lianhu
(Zhongyuan)
7.493[30] 6[30] 2019 Planned to be an east–west express line in the southern part of the city when fully completed. The Phase I serves the CCD area to the west of the city.
 17 
( Zhengxu )
Zhenggangwujie
(Zhongmu)
Xuchang East Railway Station
(Jian'an, Xuchang)
35.2 (Zhengzhou section)[29] 27 2020 An intercity line connecting Xuchang with Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone, also named as Zhengzhou-Xuchang commuter rail (Zhengxu line).
 Chengjiao  Phase II Xinzheng International Airport
(Zhongmu)
Zhengzhou South Railway Station
(Zhongmu)
9.116[31] 4[31] Late 2019 The south extension of Chengjiao line (planned to be  9  in the future) connecting Xinzheng International Airport and Zhengzhou South railway station.

Lines under planning[edit]

Line Phase or section Termini
(District)
Length (km) Stations Planned date of construction Route description
 3  Phase II Huijiqiao
(Huiji)
Henan Sports Center
(Huiji)
9.5[32] 5[32] The north extension of Line 3.
Yinggang
(Guancheng)
Jingnanshiqilu
(Guancheng)
6.65[32] 5[32] The south extension of Line 3.
 7  Phase I Dongzhao
(Huiji)
Yuyilu
(Erqi)
27[32] 19[32] A north-south line across the city center, running almost in parallel to the west of Line 2.
 8  Phase I Cuizhai
(Zhongyuan)
Zhongmu North
(Zhongmu)
59.4[32] 29[32] An east-west line across the northern part of the urban area of Zhengzhou, connecting Zhongmu and Zhengzhou National High & New Technology Industries Development Zone in the northwest of the city.
 9  Phase II Huabailu
(Zhongyuan)
Shibalihe
(Guancheng)
37.8[32] 22[32] A northwest-southeast line across the west part of the urban area. Together with its Phase I (Chengjiao line), the line connects Zhengzhou National High & New Technology Industries Development Zone and Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone.
 11  Phase I Jingkaizhongxinguangchang
(Guancheng)
Xixie
(Zhongmu)
34.5[32] 13[32] A line in the southeast area of Zhengzhou, connecting Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone.
 12  Xiangruilu
(Guancheng)
Lübo North
(Zhongmu)
33[33] 18[33] A line in the east area of Zhengzhou, running north–south in the core area of Zhengdong New Area and then east–west to connect the Lübo area in Zhongmu.

Fares and tickets[edit]

Fares of Zhengzhou Metro are calculated by distance traveled, ranging from ¥2 (within 6 km) to ¥9 (the longest journeys within the current system). A journey shorter than 6 km costs ¥2; ¥1 is charged for every 7 km after 6 km, every 8 km after 13 km, and every 9 km after 21 km.[34] The system is free of charge for elderly citizens in Zhengzhou with ages above 60 during non-peak hours and on public holidays. Children under the height of 130 cm may ride for free when accompanied by an adult. There are also student fares, which are half the adult fare, for full-time students enrolled in primary or middle schools.[34]

Single journey ticket[edit]

Single journey tickets can be bought on the ticket vending machines at every station. The passenger has to tap it on the sensor on the ticket gate when entering and insert it into a slot at the exit gate where the ticket is reclaimed. From 1 June 2016, passengers can buy single journey tickets with WeChat or AliPay in advance and collect the tickets at stations.[35][36]

In September 2017, the "Cloud Gate" service was launched, which allows passengers to enter and exit with barcodes generated with AliPay on smartphones. Currently the service is only available on 20 stations between Xiliuhu and Zhengzhou Sports Center of Line 1.[37]

Lv Cheng Tong[edit]

Lv Cheng Tong (Chinese: 绿城通, literally: "Green City Pass") is a rechargeable contactless smart card which can be used on the metro and buses in Zhengzhou with discounts. A 5% discount is offered for taking Zhengzhou Metro using Lv Cheng Tong compared to using single journey tickets.

Rolling stocks[edit]

A CRRC Zhuzhou made trainset on Chengjiao line

Line 1[edit]

Line 2 and Chengjiao Line[edit]

Line 5[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 22 February 2013, four workers were buried at the construction site of Tongbai Road station (current Wuyigongyuan station) due to collapse. Two of them were killed and the other two injured.[38]
  • On 31 July 2018, 12 workers at the construction site of Zhengzhou People's Hospital station on Line 5 were sent to hospital for feeling headache and nausea caused by lack of oxygen.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017年统计报告". 中国城市轨道交通协会. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  2. ^ "郑州地铁官方微博" (in Chinese). 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  3. ^ a b "郑州地铁1号线今日正式试运营 开启中原城市新格局". 2013-12-28.
  4. ^ "7401工程:郑州人33年前的地铁梦" [Project 7401: the Metro Dream of Zhengzhou 33 Years Ago] (in Chinese). 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  5. ^ "郑州地铁获国务院批准 每公里成本近6亿今年开工" (in Chinese). 大河网 Dahe.cn. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  6. ^ "地铁未来将出现在郑州市" (in Chinese). 中广网 CNR.cn. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  7. ^ 郑州地铁1号线正式开工 时速最高可达80公里 (in Chinese). 大河网. 2009-06-08.
  8. ^ a b 郑州地铁2号线一期工程开工 计划2015年7月1日试运营 (in Chinese). 河南日报. 2010-12-29.
  9. ^ a b "郑州地铁1号线二期和城郊铁路一期将开通试运营" [The Trial Operations of Zhengzhou Metro Line 1 (Phase II) and Chengjiao Line are Set to Start]. www.zhengzhou.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  10. ^ "郑州市城市轨道交通近期建设规划(2014~2020 年)" [The Construction Plan of Zhengzhou Rapid Transit System (2014-2020)] (PDF) (in Chinese). National Development and Reform Commission. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  11. ^ "郑州轨交三期规划获批 总投资超1000亿". www.yicai.com. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  12. ^ "郑州市城市轨道交通第三期建设规划(2019-2024 年)" (PDF).
  13. ^ 朱宝君. "郑州城市轨道交通三期规划来了 大地铁时代值得你期待". hn.chinaso.com. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  14. ^ "Zhengzhou metro Line 1 train contract awarded". Railway Gazette International. 3 February 2011.
  15. ^ "郑州地铁28日中午12点正式迎客 20个站点全开门". henan.qq.com (in Chinese). 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  16. ^ a b "郑州地铁进入3.0时代 两条新线"开跑"-新华网河南". www.ha.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-01-30.
  17. ^ "郑州地铁2号线今日开通 "十"字交叉双地铁时代来了". henan.people.com.cn (in Chinese). 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  18. ^ "Second metro line opens in Zhengzhou". 2016-08-19. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  19. ^ "郑州地铁5号线开通 "绿腰带"环城一周" (in Chinese). www.chinanews.com. 2019-05-20. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  20. ^ "郑州地铁1号线二期和城郊铁路一期将开通试运营". www.zhengzhou.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  21. ^ "郑州轨道交通2号线二期工程正式开工". www.peoplerail.com (in Chinese). 2016-12-06. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  22. ^ "郑州地铁3号线全线建设实拍 2020年通车". henan.163.com (in Chinese). 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  23. ^ "4号线首台盾构机"先锋一号"顺利始发". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  24. ^ "南四环至郑州南站城郊铁路二期工程首台盾构顺利"起航"". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2017-07-14. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
  25. ^ a b c "地铁2号线二期全线实现"洞通"" (in Chinese). Zhengzhou Daily. 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  26. ^ a b "郑州地铁3号线一期共设站21座 首座站点封顶" (in Chinese). 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  27. ^ "郑州地铁3号线有新进展!贾鲁河停车场出入场线盾构始发,2020年底通车!" (in Chinese). Henan Daily. 2018-09-28. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  28. ^ a b "郑州市轨道交通4号线工程轨道安装工程招标公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2018-09-30. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  29. ^ a b c d e "郑州市轨道交通6号线市政配套工程、郑州市至巩义市域铁路市政配套工程、郑州机场至许昌市域铁路工程(郑州段)、市政控制性节点(地下交通)工程建筑安装工程一切险(含第三者责任险)项目比选公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  30. ^ a b "郑州市轨道交通5号线工程、14号线一期工程公共艺术品5座车站采购项目竞争性洽谈公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  31. ^ a b "郑州市轨道交通2号线二期工程、南四环至郑州南站城郊铁路二期工程、市民文化服务区地下交通市政工程车站装修铝合金吊顶材料采购项目招标公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "郑州市轨道交通3号线二期、6号线、7号线一期、8号线一期、9号线二期、10号线、11号线临时用电工程设计招标公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2016-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  33. ^ a b "郑州市轨道交通12号线工程勘察招标公告". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2017-07-17. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  34. ^ a b "票价政策" [Fares Policy]. www.zzmetro.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  35. ^ "【重磅】郑州很快可以用微信、支付宝买地铁票了!" (in Chinese). 2016-05-27. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  36. ^ "用支付宝可以在郑州坐地铁了 不用排队、带钢镚" (in Chinese). 2016-06-01. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  37. ^ "郑州地铁"云闸机"上线手机扫码乘坐1号线" ["Cloud Gates" Launched on Zhengzhou Metro Line 1] (in Chinese). Dahe Daily. 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  38. ^ "郑州地铁1号线工地坍塌4人被埋 目前2死2伤" (in Chinese). 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2018-11-22.
  39. ^ "关于郑州市轨道交通5号线工程 "7.31"安全生产事件的情况通报". www.zzmetro.cn (in Chinese). 2018-08-02. Retrieved 2018-11-14.

External links[edit]