Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport

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Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport
郑州新郑国际机场
Logo of Henan Airport Group.png
Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport Terminal 2 Departure Concourse.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Henan Airport Group
Serves Zhengzhou, Henan
Location Towns of Xuedian and Mengzhuang, Xinzheng, Henan
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 151 m / 495 ft
Coordinates 34°31′11″N 113°50′27″E / 34.51972°N 113.84083°E / 34.51972; 113.84083Coordinates: 34°31′11″N 113°50′27″E / 34.51972°N 113.84083°E / 34.51972; 113.84083
Website www.zzairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CGO is located in Henan
CGO
CGO
Location of Airport
CGO is located in China
CGO
CGO
CGO (China)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12R/30L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
12L/30R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 24,299,073
Cargo (metric tonnes) 502,714.8
Movements 195,717
Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport
Simplified Chinese 郑州新郑国际机场
Traditional Chinese 鄭州新鄭國際機場

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport (IATA: CGO, ICAO: ZHCC) is the principal airport serving Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, China.

The airport is located in Xinzheng, 37 kilometres (23 mi) southeast of downtown Zhengzhou. It was opened on 28 August 1997, replacing its predecessor, the now-demolished Dongjiao Airport. The airport is the only international airport in Henan and serves as a main gateway for the province and the central plain area.

The airport is operated by Henan Airport Group and is a hub for Cargolux,[1] as well as a focus city for China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, West Air, Lucky Air, and Donghai Airlines. In 2017, it was the 13th-busiest airport by passenger traffic in the People's Republic of China with 24,299,073 passengers,[2] and became the busiest airport in central China, surpassing Wuhan Tianhe International Airport and Changsha Huanghua International Airport by a slim advantage.[3] It was also the 7th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic in China in 2017.[2][4]

Its IATA code "CGO" is derived from Zhengzhou's former romanization Chengchow.

History[edit]

Early development[edit]

The principal airport of Zhengzhou had been Dongjiao Airport (Chinese: 郑州东郊机场), which was located to the east of downtown Zhengzhou, since 1956. To meet the demand of city development, a plan to build a new airport in Xuedian Township, Xinzheng to replace the old Dongjiao Airport was approved in 1992.[5] The new airport was originally named Zhengzhou Xuedian Airport (Chinese: 郑州薛店机场) after the township of its location and was later changed to the current name. Construction began in 1993 and the new airport was opened on 28 August 1997 with a terminal of 45,900 square meters and a runway (Runway 12R/30L) of 3,400 m. The designed capacity of the terminal was 3.8 million passengers a year. All the flights of Dongjiao Airport were transferred to the new airport. Dongjiao Airport was later demolished to build the Zhengdong New Area CBD on its site.[6]

In 2000, the airport was approved by the state council to become the 21st international airport in China.

From 2005 to 2007, the original terminal underwent a major expansion and renovation. The new terminal (current Terminal 1) has an area of 128,000 square meters and was opened on 29 December 2007.[7]

Phase II expansion[edit]

In 2013, the state council approved the expansion project of the airport, including a new terminal (Terminal 2), the second runway (Runway 12L/30R) and a ground traffic center (GTC), in alignment with its first airport-based economy zone (Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone).[8] The construction started in 2012, and was finished in 2015. Terminal 2 was opened on 19 December 2015 together with the GTC, and the second runway was opened on 7 January 2016,[9] making the airport the first with two terminals and two runways in central China.

Recent development[edit]

After Foxconn Zhengzhou (the main production base for iPhone, located just to the north of the airport) was put into operation in 2010, the cargo transport of the airport has been booming. Between 2010 and 2017, the cargo volume handled by the airport increased from 85,798.1[10] to 502,714.8[2] metric tonnes, growing by 34 percent yearly on average, making it the 7th busiest airport in China by cargo traffic.[4]

In late 2015 Emirates announced it would begin service from Dubai to Zhengzhou via Yinchuan from May 2016, as part of the airline's expansion plans in China. This is Zhengzhou's first connection to the Middle East.[11] The service started from 3 May 2016.[12]

On 31 December 2015, the Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway started operation, providing airport rail link services between Zhengzhou city and the airport. [13]

On 11 November 2016, Sichuan Airlines launched non-stop flights to Vancouver. It is the first regular non-stop intercontinental service for the airport.[14][15]

On 12 January 2017, Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line started service and began to serve the airport.[16]

On 6 December 2017, non-stop flight service to Melbourne was opened by Jetstar.[17] This is the first air route to Australia from the airport.

In 2017, it became the busiest airport in central China in both passenger and cargo traffic.[18]

Infrastructure[edit]

Terminal 1 (closed)[edit]

The current Terminal 1 was opened on 29 December 2007, after the expansion and renovation of the former terminal, which was opened in 1998. It covers an area of 128,000 square metres (1,380,000 sq ft) and has 14 gates with jet bridges. The roof of Terminal 1 is shaped like waves.

After the opening of Terminal 2, it was closed as a future reserve and temporarily transformed into an exhibition hall.[19]

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, the only terminal building in operation at present, is located to the northeast of Terminal 1. It was opened on 19 December 2015 with an area of 485,000 square metres (5,220,000 sq ft). Terminal 2 has an X-shaped layout with four piers seeing from above, which resembles and implies "opened arms to embrace the world". The northwest pier is for international flights and others are for domestic use.

Ground Traffic Center (GTC)[edit]

The concourse of the ground traffic center

The ground traffic center was opened together with Terminal 2. It is to the west of Terminal 2 and is connected to the arrival hall of Terminal 2 by three corridors. The GTC has been designed to become a transportation hub for cities in central plains region. Passengers can take taxis, intercity coaches, intercity trains and Zhengzhou Metro trains here.

Air-traffic Control Tower[edit]

The air-traffic control tower

The new air-traffic control tower was put into use on 7 January 2016, together with the second runway.[20] The control tower is 93.5 m (307 ft) in height and its shape resembles the Jiahu Gudi (bone flute) discovered in Henan.

Runways[edit]

The airport has two parallel runways:

  • The south runway (3,400 m (11,200 ft) long and 45 m (148 ft) wide, opened in 1997)
  • The north runway (3,600 m (11,800 ft) long and 60 m (200 ft) wide, opened in 2016)

The north runway has a Category II Precision Approach.[21] Normally, the north runway (12L/30R) is used for landing while the south runway (12R/30L) is used for taking-off.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Jets of Shenzhen Airlines parking at Terminal 2
Aircraft parking at T2 international concourse
A Hainan Airlines Airbus A330 and an Emirates Boeing 777 parked outside Terminal 2
A China Airlines Airbus A330 parked outside Terminal 1
AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou, Shenyang
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Dongying, Guilin, Hohhot, Shaoyang, Ulanqab, Xiamen
Air Guilin Enshi,[22] Guilin
Air Macau Macau
Beijing Capital Airlines Baotou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Lijiang, Sanya
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Guiyang, Haikou, Liuzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Zunyi–Maotai
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Xining, Yantai,[23] Yinchuan
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Guilin, Hangzhou, Karamay,[24] Kunming, Lanzhou, Ordos, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Turpan
China Eastern Airlines
operated by Shanghai Airlines
Kota Kinabalu,[25] Osaka–Kansai
China Express Airlines Baotou, Guiyang, Tongren
China Southern Airlines Aksu, Beihai, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huizhou, Jieyang, Karamay, Kashgar, Korla, Kunming, Lijiang, Nanning, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shihezi, Tengchong (begins 10 September, 2018), Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xining, Xinzhou, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhuhai
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Seoul–Incheon, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Harbin
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang
Donghai Airlines Baotou, Dalian, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Lanzhou, Nanning, Nantong, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Zhuhai
Emirates Dubai–International a [12]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali [26]
GX Airlines Changde, Haikou, Hohhot, Nanning
Hainan Airlines Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Ningbo, Sanya, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
Hongtu Airlines Xining
I-Fly Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo
Jetstar Airways Melbourne [17]
Jetstar Pacific Seasonal charter: Phu Quoc[27]
Jiangxi Airlines Beihai, Harbin, Jieyang, Nanchang, Ordos
Seasonal: Ganzhou,[28] Korla,[29] Wuyishan[28]
Joy Air Hefei, Huangshan, Xiangyang
Juneyao Airlines Huizhou, Shanghai–Pudong, Xining
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Manado
Loong Air Hangzhou, Ningbo, Urumqi
Lucky Air Changchun, Chengdu, Dalian, Ganzhou, Guiyang, Hailar, Hohhot, Kunming, Lijiang, Mianyang, Nanning, Quanzhou, Sanya, Zhanjiang
Lucky Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (begins 30 October 2018),[30] Phuket
Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu[31]
Mandarin Airlines
operated by China Airlines
Taipei–Taoyuan
New Gen Airways Charter: Pattaya–U-Tapao
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Aksu, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Korla, Lanzhou, Qingdao, Xiamen, Xining, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
Shenzhen Airlines Altay, Dalian, Fuzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Karamay, Nanning, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taizhou
Siam Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Sichuan Airlines Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Mianyang, Nanning, Sanya, Urumqi, Yanji
Sichuan Airlines Vancouver[14][15]
Sky Angkor Airlines Siem Reap
Suparna Airlines Chifeng, Shenzhen
Thai Airways
operated by Thai Smile
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[32] Phuket (begins 16 August 2018)[33]
Tianjin Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Hohhot, Liupanshui, Meixian, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Tianjin Airlines Sydney[34]
Urumqi Air Jieyang,[35] Kashgar, Lanzhou, Qionghai, Urumqi, Yichang (begins 1 September, 2018)
VietJet Air Nha Trang
Vietnam Airlines Nha Trang[36]
West Air Aksu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Jieyang, Korla, Lhasa, Lijiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Guilin, Xining, Yinchuan[37]
XiamenAir Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Quanzhou, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xining, Yinchuan
XiamenAir Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International
Notes

^a The Emirates flights between Zhengzhou and Dubai-International have a stopover in Yinchuan. However, Emirates does not have eighth freedom rights to transport passengers solely from Zhengzhou to Yinchuan.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Amsterdam
Cargolux Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Komatsu, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Zaragoza
Cargolux Italia Milan
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Airlines Cargo Nanjing, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
China Southern Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Guangzhou
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong, Tianjin
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku, Maastricht
SF Airlines Shenzhen, Wuhan, Hangzhou
Suparna Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt–Hahn
UPS Airlines Seoul–Incheon

Ground transportation[edit]

Highway[edit]

Airport Toll Station
The 1.48 kilometres (0.92 mi) long Yingbin Elevated Road connects the airport with S1 and G4 expressways

Both expressways are connected to the airport via Yingbin Elevated Road.

Rail[edit]

Airport rail link is served by Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport Intercity Railway and Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line.

Intercity Railway[edit]

The Xinzheng Airport railway station is located in the GTC. The waiting hall and ticket offices are on the B2 floor and platforms are on the B3 floor. Intercity trains to Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou East, Jiaozuo and Kaifeng are in operation.

Metro[edit]

Trains of the Chengjiao Line of the Zhengzhou Metro connects the airport to downtown Zhengzhou using through services via Line 2.

Bus[edit]

Shuttle bus[38][edit]

There are several airport shuttle bus routes to various destinations in Zhengzhou. The bus station is on the 1st floor of Terminal 2.

Destination Ticket Price
Zhengzhou Central Coach Station ¥20
Civil Aviation Hotel
Longyuan Hotel
Zhengzhou East Railway Station
Zhengzhou Railway Station west plaza

Inter-city coach[edit]

The airport also offers inter-city coach services to and from other cities in the central plain region, including Luoyang, Kaifeng, Xuchang, Xinxiang, Nanyang, Anyang, Jiaozuo, Pingdingshan, Shangqiu, Zhoukou, Zhumadian, Heze, Changzhi, and Jincheng. Unlike the Zhengzhou routes, inter-city coaches depart from the GTC.

City bus[edit]

There are several bus routes, operated by Zhengzhou Bus Communication Corporation, serving the airport and neighbouring areas in the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone.

  • 611: towards Shizu Road bus terminal
  • 612: towards Yongzhou Road and Yuanling Road
  • 613: towards Hang'an 2 Street and Jichang 6 Road
  • 638: towards South gate of Zhengzhou Garden-Expo Park
  • Y636: night service, towards Lingkong Street and Taihu Road[39]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 4 February 2014, Joy Air Flight 1533, a Xian MA60 carrying 7 crew members and 37 passengers from Taiyuan Wusu International Airport to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport had a mechanical failure on the landing gear while landing at Zhengzhou. The nose gear collapsed and the aircraft's nose cone hit the runway. No passengers or crew suffered any injuries.[40]
  • On 5 February 2014, heavy snowfall forced the airport to close for several hours in the afternoon and evening, leaving roughly 2,000 passengers stranded in the airport on one of the busiest travel days of the annual New Year. Many grew frustrated by the lack of information provided by airport or airline staff, and began damaging check-in desks and flight information displays, with some assaulting staff as well. The riot and further snow forced the airport to close again on the next day. Police eventually came to the scene and restored order (See Zhengzhou Airport riot).[41][42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zhengzhou Becomes Cargolux Hub in China
  2. ^ a b c d "2017年民航机场生产统计公报" (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2018-03-07. Retrieved 2018-03-15. 
  3. ^ "2017中国各大机场旅客吞吐量排名 郑州新郑机场登顶中部六省第一" (in Chinese). 2018-05-24. Retrieved 2018-06-14. 
  4. ^ a b "城市航空货邮量比拼:郑州领跑中部全国排名第七" (in Chinese). 2017-09-19. Retrieved 2018-06-15. 
  5. ^ "国务院、中央军委关于同意新建郑州薛店民用机场的批复" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-28. 
  6. ^ "【老照片老故事】郑州东郊机场40年的飞行记忆" (in Chinese). 2015-04-05. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  7. ^ "郑州新郑国际机场改扩建工程竣工并投入运营" (in Chinese). 2008-01-04. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  8. ^ 马玉佳. "The State Council Approved the Planning and Development of Zhengzhou Comprehensive Experimental Zone for Airport-based Economy". china.org.cn. 
  9. ^ "郑州机场第二跑道启用" (in Chinese). 河南省人民政府门户网站. 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  10. ^ "2010年全国机场生产统计公报" (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2018-06-15. 
  11. ^ "Emirates Expands Network in Mainland China" (Press release). Dubai: Emirates Airline. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  12. ^ a b "UAE's Emirates Airline debuts flights to China's Yinchuan, Zhengzhou"
  13. ^ "郑州至机场城际铁路今日开通运营 从郑州市区去机场最快19分钟". henan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-04-14. (in Chinese)
  14. ^ a b "郑州首条洲际直飞航线 郑州至温哥华今日首航" (in Chinese). 2016-11-12. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  15. ^ a b "Sichuan Airlines to launch direct Zhengzhou-Vancouver service". 2016-10-12. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  16. ^ "郑州地铁1号线二期和城郊铁路一期将开通试运营". www.zhengzhou.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-13. 
  17. ^ a b "Jetstar opens air route between Zhengzhou, Melbourne". 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  18. ^ "【货邮突破50万吨】郑州机场首成我国中部机场"双冠王"". www.sohu.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-03. 
  19. ^ "20周岁到来之际 新郑机场T1航站楼"蝶变"做展馆" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  20. ^ "民航河南新塔台正式启用 郑州机场飞进"双跑道"时代(组图)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  21. ^ "郑州机场完成Ⅱ类标准建设" (in Chinese). 郑州市人民政府. Retrieved 2018-05-03. 
  22. ^ "桂林航空开通郑州=恩施航线" (in Chinese). 2018-05-23. Retrieved 2018-07-23. 
  23. ^ 东航新增烟台—郑州—昆明、烟台—沈阳航线
  24. ^ 上航“克拉玛依-郑州-上海”航线23日成功首航
  25. ^ "东航郑州—沙巴航线成功首航" (in Chinese). 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-07-23. 
  26. ^ Indonesia's state-run airlines to open more direct flights to China's cities from Bali
  27. ^ "Jetstar Pacific schedules new China charters in 3Q18". routesonline. Retrieved 3 July 2018. 
  28. ^ a b "郑州机场新开两条旅游航线" (in Chinese). 2018-06-05. Retrieved 2018-07-23. 
  29. ^ "江西航空开通郑州—库尔勒往返航线" (in Chinese). 2018-07-20. Retrieved 2018-07-23. 
  30. ^ "Lucky Air plans Zhengzhou – Bangkok route from Oct 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 9 August 2018. 
  31. ^ "郑州开通至马来西亚全年正班航线 4小时直飞沙巴" (in Chinese). 2018-06-06. Retrieved 2018-07-08. 
  32. ^ "Thai Lion Air adds new scheduled charter service to China from late-Sep 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2017. 
  33. ^ "New Destination: Phuket to Zhengzhou". www.lionairthai.com. 
  34. ^ "Tianjin Airlines files proposed Sydney schedule in 1Q18". routesonline. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "乌鲁木齐航空开通郑州=揭阳航线" (in Chinese). 2018-07-03. Retrieved 2018-07-23. 
  36. ^ "Vietnam Airlines adds new China scheduled charters in 1Q18". routesonline. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  37. ^ "Seasonal new flights bring you to more wonderful destinations". www.westair.cn. 
  38. ^ "机场大巴_空港大巴_空港交通_河南机场" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  39. ^ "往返航空港区和郑州机场T2航站楼的夜班公交正式开通" (in Chinese). 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2018-07-08. 
  40. ^ "Joy Air's Xian MA60 B-3455 suffers a landing accident at Zhengzhou". 6 February 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2018. 
  41. ^ Feng, Bree (7 February 2014). "Stranded Travelers Start 'Riot' at Airport". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  42. ^ "郑州机场否认被打砸:一旅客把矿泉水扔到公示板" [Zhengzhou Airport denies destruction; claims passenger threw bottle at display board]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 9 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2018. 
  43. ^ "Hijacked Air China flight makes emergency landing". 15 April 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018. 

External links[edit]