Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||2,095.53 km2 (809.09 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County|
|Postal||Chihkiang Tung Autonomous County|
Zhijiang (the full name: "Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County", simplified Chinese: 芷江侗族自治县; traditional Chinese: 芷江侗族自治縣; pinyin: Zhǐ-jiāng Dòngzú Zìzhìxiàn; usually referred to as "Zhijiang County"; simplified Chinese: 芷江县; traditional Chinese: 芷江縣; pinyin: Zhǐ-jiāng xiàn) is an autonomous county of Dong people in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Huaihua Prefecture-level City.
Zhijiang is located on the west central margin of Hunan Province, immediately adjacent to the east border of Guizhou Province. It borders Bijiang and Wanshan Districts of Tongren, Guizhou to the northwest, Mayang County to the north, Hecheng District of Huaihua and Zhongfang County to the east, Hongjiang City and Huitong County to the southeast, Tianzhu County of Guizhou to the southwest, Xinhuang County to the west. The county covers 2,099 km2 (810 sq mi), as of 2015, It had a registered population of about 383,000 and a resident population of 346,800. The county has 9 towns and 9 townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Zhijiang Town (芷江镇).
Zhijiang is the place that the first major Japanese surrender ceremony in China took place on August 21, 1945. The Japanese Vice General Secretary Takeo Imai (今井武夫) signed the surrounding treaty, marking the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Zhijiang County is situated in western Hunan at the eastern end of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, amongst the southern end of the Xuefeng and Wuling Mountains. It borders Xinhuang Dong Autonomous County and Guizhou's Wanshan District and Tianzhu County to the west, Huitong County and Hongjiang Administrative District to the south, Zhongfang County and Hecheng District to the east, and Mayang Miao Autonomous County to the north.
Zhijiang County has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 16.53 °C (61.8 °F). Winters are mild and brief, beginning somewhat dry and turning wet and gloomy as the season progresses. Spring is very rainy, especially in May, which is the wettest month. Summer is hot and humid (but tempered compared to much of the province), with moderate levels of rain, and generous sunshine; on average, July and August are the only two months where the area receives more than half of possible sunshine. Autumn is the driest season. From March to June, on average, more than half of the days each month receive some precipitation. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 4.9 °C (40.8 °F) in January to 27.2 °C (81.0 °F) in July. The annual precipitation is around 1,230 mm (48 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February to 56% in August, the county receives 1,482 hours of sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Zhijiang County (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.6
|Average low °C (°F)||2.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||45.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||13.4||13.0||16.4||18.0||16.7||15.4||11.2||10.4||9.0||12.6||9.7||9.0||154.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||80||79||81||82||82||84||80||79||78||80||79||77||80.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||53.9||48.3||60.6||98.2||130.5||145.4||232.9||228.8||170.0||126.8||102.6||84.0||1,482|
|Percent possible sunshine||16||15||16||26||32||35||55||56||46||36||32||26||33|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
- www.xzqh.org (Chinese)
- Google (2014-07-02). "Zhijiang" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Huaihua City Land Use Plan (2006–20)/《怀化市土地利用总体规划（2006-2020年）》.(Chinese) Accessed 8 July 2014.
- "怀化市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报" (in Chinese). Huaihua Statistical Bureau/怀化市统计局. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- about the population of Zhijiang County in 2015, according to the Statistical Communiqué of Zhijiang County on the 2015 National Economic and Social Development - (2015年芷江侗族自治县国民经济和社会发展统计公报): huaihua.gov.cn or ahmhxc.com
- the divisions of Zhijiang County in 2015, according to the result on adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Zhijiang County on November 25, 2015 - 《湖南省民政厅关于同意芷江侗族自治县乡镇区划调整方案的批复》(湘民行发〔2015〕77号): rednet.cn or Zhijiang.gov.cn, also see 《湖南省乡镇区划调整改革109个县市区批复方案》: people.com or xinhuanet.com