Zhong Ren

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Zhong Ren (Zi Yong) 仲壬 (子庸)
King of Shang dynasty
Full name
Posthumous name
Zhong Ren (仲壬)

Zhòng Rén (Chinese: 仲壬, born Zi Yong, 子庸) is traditionally held to be a Shang dynasty King of China but recent archaeological evidence has thrown this into doubt.

In the Records of the Grand Historian he was listed by Sima Qian as the third Shang king, succeeding his father Tang () and elder brother Wai Bing.

He was enthroned in the year of Dingchou (丁丑) with Yi Yin (伊尹) as his prime minister and Bo () as his capital. He ruled for 4 years before his death.

He was given the posthumous name Zhong Ren (仲壬) and was succeeded by his nephew Tai Jia (太甲).[1][2][3]

Oracle script inscriptions on bones unearthed at Yinxu do not list him as one of the Shang kings.[2][3]


  1. ^ Bai, Shouyi (2002). An Outline History of China. Beijing: Foreign Language Press. ISBN 7-119-02347-0.
  2. ^ a b "The Shang Dynasty Rulers". China Knowledge. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Shang Kingship And Shang Kinship" (PDF). Indiana University. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
Zhong Ren
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wai Bing
King of China Succeeded by
Tai Jia