Zhongguancun

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A view of Zhongguancun, including Zhongguancun street and plaza.
Zhongguancun
Traditional Chinese中關村
Simplified Chinese中关村

Zhongguancun (Chinese: 中关村) is a technology hub in Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Zhongguancun occupies a band between the northwestern Third Ring Road and the northwestern Fourth Ring Road, in the northwestern part of Beijing. Zhongguancun is sometimes known as "China's Silicon Valley".[1]The place is also the center of Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Hi-Tech Industrial Belt.

History[edit]

The southwest landscape of Zhongguan plaza.

Chen Chunxian envisioned Zhongguancun, which then became a well-known technology hub 30 years later. Chunxian, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), conceived of a Silicon Valley in China following a government-sponsored trip to Boston and Silicon Valley, United States.[2]

Zhongguancun became known as "Electronics Avenue" (simplified Chinese: 电子一条街; traditional Chinese: 電子一條街; pinyin: Diànzǐ Yītiáojiē) from the early 1980s on, due to its information technology markets along a central, crowded street.[3]

Zhongguancun was recognized by the central government of China in 1988, and officially named "Beijing High-Technology Industry Development Experimental Zone". In 1999, Zhongguancun became the "Zhongguancun Science & Technology Zone", with seven parks: Haidian, Fengtai, Changping, Electronics City (in Chaoyang), Yizhuang, Desheng, and Jianxiang. The original Zhongguancun became known as Haidian Park of the Zhongguancun Zone.[4]

Panorama of tech hub.

Notable education and research centres[edit]

Zhongguancun has an association with China's two most prestigious universities, Peking University and Tsinghua University, along with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, all of which are in close proximity.[citation needed] Secondary schools in Zhongguancun include Affiliated High School of Peking University and High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China.

Government infrastructure[edit]

The Zhongguancun Administrative Committee oversees the city.[5]

The State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) has its headquarters in Zhongguancun.[6]

Notable companies and landmarks[edit]

The sculpture Life south of Haidianhuangzhuang North footbridge
Inside the Hailong market building.

Hailong Market, Guigu Market, Taipingyang Market, Dinghao Market and Kemao Market are prominent IT and electronics technology bazaars, noted for "shops with a shop", where bargaining is the norm.[1] According to the 2004 Beijing Statistical Yearbook, there were over 12,000 high-tech enterprises operating in Zhongguancun's seven parks, with 489,000 technicians employed.[citation needed]

The most notable companies that grew up in Zhongguancun are Stone Group, Founder Group, and Lenovo Group, each founded during 1984 to 1985. Stone was the first successful technology company to be operated by private individuals outside of the government of China. Founder is a technology company that spun off Peking University. Lenovo Group spun off from Chinese Academy of Sciences with Liu Chuanzhi, a hero of Zhongguancun and current chairman, eventually taking the helm. Lenovo purchased IBM's PC division with $1.75 billion in 2005, making it the world's third-largest PC maker. Both Founder and Lenovo Group maintain strong connections to their academic backers, who are significant shareholders.

Many world-renowned technology companies built their Chinese headquarters and research centers in Zhongguancun Technology Park, such as Google, Intel, AMD, Oracle Corporation, Motorola, Cogobuy Group,[7] IBM,[8] MySpace, Sony, Solstice, and Ericsson. Microsoft has built its Chinese research headquarters in the park that costs $280 million and can accommodate 5000 employees, which was completed in April, 2011, and now houses Microsoft Research Asia.[9]

The development center of Loongson, which is China's first general-purpose microprocessor design, is also in the Zhongguancun area.[10]

Everbright International has its Beijing office in the Beijing International Building (北京国际大厦) in Zhongguancun.[11]

Mny conferences are held in this location, including the annual ChinICT conference - which is the largest Information technology Development and Entrepreneurship event in China.[citation needed]

A frequent tourist destination is the Haidian Christian Church, designed by Hamburg-based architects Gerkan, Marg and Partners.[12]

Transportation[edit]

near the subway station of Zhongguancun

Beijing Subway Line 4 runs through the Zhongguancun area with stops at Zhongguancun Station and Haidianhuangzhuang Station. Haidianhuangzhuang is also a transfer station with Line 10. In addition, Zhongguancun is served by many of Beijing's buses.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Liang, Sisi (16 May 2011). "Physical Planning Strategies of National High-Technology Industrial Development Zones in China" (PhD thesis). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations: 61–99. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  • "中关村国家自主创新示范区_中关村科技园区管理委员会_示范区介绍". zgcgw.beijing.gov.cn. Retrieved 27 February 2021.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zhongguancun, China's Silicon Valley".
  2. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=DGCGBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA69
  3. ^ "Shengwu, Chen. "Bright Prospects for Civilian-Run Scientific and Technological Undertakings." Red Flag. No.4, Pp.27-29. 16 February 1988 ISSN 0441-4381 (Translated to English via "JPRS Report—China")
  4. ^ https://media.touristtube.com/best-travel-images/Beijing-city--markets--streets-and-lifestyl?id=Rj1XA6xQ
  5. ^ http://www.chinalawandpractice.com/Article/1694377/Search/Beijing-Municipality-Administration-Committee-of-Zhongguancun.html?Keywords=import&OrderType=1&PageMove=52
  6. ^ Home. State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs. Retrieved on July 12, 2017. "邮编:100873 地址:北京中关村南大街一号5号楼 "
  7. ^ "IngDan opens Beijing smart product experience center". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  8. ^ "A Geek's Guide to China's Silicon Valley". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  9. ^ "Microsoft Research Asia".
  10. ^ Institute Of Computing Technology Chinese Academy Of Sciences Archived September 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Contact Us". Everbright International. Retrieved 2019-03-04. Flat 1603, Block B, Beijing International Building, No. 18, Nanda Street Jia, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing, PRC - Traditional Chinese address: " 北京市海澱區中關村南大街甲18號北京國際大廈B座1603室" - Simplified Chinese address: "北京市海淀区中关村南大街甲18号北京国际大厦B座1603室"
  12. ^ Zhongguancun Christian Church

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°58′52″N 116°18′32″E / 39.98111°N 116.30889°E / 39.98111; 116.30889