|Native to||China, United States (California、Hawaii).|
Zhongshan Min (Chinese: 中山閩語), is a group of Min Chinese varieties spoken in the Zhongshan region of the southern Chinese province of Guangdong. The Zhongshan Min people settled in the region from Fujian Province as early as the Northern Song dynasty period (1023–1031). There are three main dialects:
- Longdu dialect, spoken in Dachong in the west of the prefecture,
- Nanlang dialect, spoken in Nanlang in the east, and
- Sanxiang dialect, spoken in Sanxiang in the south.
According to Nicholas Bodman, the Longdu and Nanlang dialects belong to the Eastern Min group, while the Sanxiang dialect belongs to Southern Min. All three have been heavily influenced by the Shiqi dialect, the local variety of Yue Chinese.
Notes and references
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Zhongshan Min". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Ting, Pang-hsin; Chang, Song-hing (2002). The Study of Min Dialects and Its Relationship with Other Peripheral Dialects (in Chinese). Hong Kong: Chinese University Press. ISBN 9789622019966. OCLC 50568616.
- Bodman, Nicholas C. (1984). "The Namlong Dialect, a Northern Min Outlier in Zhongshan Xian and the Influence of Cantonese on its Lexicon and Phonology". Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies. 14 (1): 1–19.
- Bodman, Nicholas C. (1985). "The Reflexes of Initial Nasals in Proto-Southern Min-Hingua". In Acson, Veneeta; Leed, Richard L. (eds.). For Gordon H. Fairbanks. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications. 20. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 2–20. ISBN 978-0-8248-0992-8. JSTOR 20006706.
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