Central Plains Mandarin

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Central Plains Mandarin
Zhongyuan Guanhua
RegionYellow River Plain
Native speakers
(170 million cited 1982)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6zgyu
cmn-zho
Glottologhuab1238  Central Plain Guanhua[2]
zhon1236  Zhongyuan[3]
Linguasphere79-AAA-bf
Mandarín zhongyuan.png

Central Plains Mandarin, or Zhongyuan Mandarin (simplified Chinese: 中原官话; traditional Chinese: 中原官話; pinyin: zhōngyuán guānhuà), is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central and southern parts of Shaanxi, Henan, southwestern part of Shanxi, southern part of Gansu, far southern part of Hebei, northern Anhui, northern parts of Jiangsu, southern Xinjiang and southern Shandong.[4]

The archaic dialect in Peking opera is a form of Zhongyuan Mandarin.

Among Hui people, Zhongyuan Mandarin is sometimes written with the Arabic alphabet, called Xiao'erjing ("Children's script").

Subdialects[edit]

Phonology[edit]

In Central Plains Mandarin, some phonological changes have affected certain syllables which have not affected standard Chinese.


[p] and [pʰ] have shifted to [p͜f] before the vowel [u].[5]

Middle Chinese Initial [p] [p] [pʰ] [pʰ]
Pinyin
Standard Mandarin [pû] [pwò] [pʰwó] [pʰù]
Central Plains M. [p͜fu] [p͜fo] [p͜fʰo] [p͜fʰu]

Standard Mandarin's [t͡ʂ], [t͡ʂʰ] and have shifted to [p͜f] before [u]. [ʂ] has shifted to [f] before [u].

Middle Chinese Initial [ʈ] [t͡ʃʰ] [ɕ] [ʑ]
Pinyin zhū chū shū shú
Standard Mandarin [ʈʂú] [ʈʂʰú] [ʂú] [ʂǔ]
Central Plains M. [p͜fu] [p͜fu] [fu] [fu]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Gu 2009, p. 214.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Central Plain Guanhua". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Zhongyuan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Chappell 2002, p. 244; Gu 2009, p. 214; Chirkova 2008.
  5. ^ Mian Yan, Margaret (2006). Introduction To Chinese Dialectology. Germany: LINCOM EUROPA. pp. 73–74.

Sources[edit]