Zhou Benshun

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Zhou Benshun
周本顺
Communist Party Secretary of Hebei
In office
March 2013 – July 2015
Deputy Zhang Qingwei (Governor)
Zhao Yong (Deputy Secretary)
Preceded by Zhang Qingli
Succeeded by Zhao Kezhi
Personal details
Born February 1953 (age 63)
Xupu County, Hunan, China
Political party Communist Party of China (expelled)
Alma mater Changchun Institute of Geology
Hunan University
Wuhan University
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhou.

Zhou Benshun (Chinese: ; born February 1953) is a former Chinese politician. Between 2013 and 2015, he served as the Communist Party Secretary and the top official of Hebei Province.[1][2] Prior to his post in Hebei, Zhou Benshun was the Secretary-General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, serving under disgraced domestic security chief Zhou Yongkang.[3][4]

On July 24, 2015, he was detained for investigation by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, then expelled from the party several months later.[5][6] Zhou was the first incumbent provincial party secretary to be targeted by the Chinese government's anti-graft campaign since 2012.[7][8]

Career[edit]

Zhou Benshun was born in 1953 in Xupu County, Hunan province. He joined the Communist Party of China in September 1971.[1][2]

From 1972 to 1975 Zhou attended Changchun Institute of Geology (now part of Jilin University) in Jilin province.[9] After finishing university in December 1975, he taught at the Hunan School of Geology until 1985.[2]

In January 1985, Zhou Benshun began working at the Policy Research Office of Hunan province, becoming its director in 1994.[9] At the end of 1994 he was appointed Deputy Communist Party Chief of the prefecture-level city of Shaoyang, Hunan, rising to Party Chief the following year.[9] From 2000 to 2003 he was the Director of Public Security of Hunan province, i.e., the provincial police chief.[1] A year later, Zhou entered the Hunan provincial Party Standing Committee as the head of the provincial Political and Legal Affairs Commission (Zhengfawei).[2]

In November 2003 Zhou was transferred to the central government in Beijing to become the Deputy Secretary General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission,[1][2] working under Secretary General Wang Shengjun. In March 2008, Wang was promoted to President of the Supreme Court, and Zhou succeeded Wang as Secretary General. For the next five years Zhou Benshun worked essentially as chief of staff to Zhou Yongkang (no relation), one of China's top leader (a member of the Politburo Standing Committee) who was then the head of the Commission.[10] During his Zhengfawei stint, Zhou served in a series of other roles, including leading the office of Xinjiang affairs, and deputy director of the Central Public Security Comprehensive Management Commission; he was seen as one of the leading figures of the Zhengfawei world and a trusted lieutenant of Zhou Yongkang.[11]

In 2012, the son of Ling Jihua crashed in a Ferrari on one of Beijing's ring roads, unleashing highly unanticipated political consequences. Some overseas Chinese media reported that Zhou Benshun was dispatched to handle the fallout from the crash.[12]

In March 2013, Zhou Benshun was appointed the party chief of Hebei province, replacing Zhang Qingli, who became Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.[1][2]

Investigation[edit]

As Zhou Benshun has been associated with Zhou Yongkang for much of his career, rumours swirled about Zhou Benshun's fate since the senior Zhou was investigated for corruption in 2014. Zhou reportedly became meek and low-profile, and deferred many decisions to Zhang Qingwei, governor of Hebei and his deputy, even for routine matters such as making closing statements at meetings.[13]

Xi Jinping visited the Hebei party leadership in September 2013 to personally oversee a democratic life meeting where senior officials criticized each other and engaged in self-criticism. Footage of the event was shown on national television. That Xi would himself preside over a provincial-level meeting, put immense pressure on Zhou. At the September 2013 "life meeting", Zhou was criticized by his colleagues as lacking in competence, and as "too tolerant, too soft."[13]

Over a year later, in December 2014, the Hebei party committee again held a democratic life meeting, in which Zhou lamented his own inability to realize the goals of the anti-corruption campaign in Hebei province, because he was afraid of upsetting the balance of organizations he oversaw.[14] Fellow provincial standing committee member Jing Chunhua commented, "comrade Benshun needs to practice more democracy when making policy decisions." Liang Bin said that "comrade Benshun needs to pay more attention to issues concerning officials."[15] Jing Chunhua and Liang Bin both eventually fell under the axe of the anti-corruption campaign.

On July 24, 2015, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Communist Party's top anti-corruption body, placed Zhou under investigation. Zhou was the first sitting provincial party leader to be placed under investigation since the anti-corruption campaign began after the 18th Party Congress.[13] Earlier that day, Zhou attended a Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration conference hosted by Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli; he was detained shortly after the meeting ended. Zhou's downfall was extremely abrupt. Several days earlier Zhou had visited Beidaihe District, ostensibly to make preparations for the annual Beidaihe Conference of top Communist leaders.[16]

Zhou's downfall was a significant political event; prior to Zhou, the removal of provincial-level party chiefs had only happened three times in post-Cultural Revolution history: Beijing party chief Chen Xitong in 1995, Shanghai party chief Chen Liangyu in 2006, and Chongqing party chief Bo Xilai in 2012. Former Hebei party chief Cheng Weigao (term 1993–1998) had also been disgraced, but not during his term as party chief.

Zhou is a member of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.[1][2]

On October 16, 2015, Zhou was expelled from the Communist Party. The investigation concluded that Zhou had voiced opinions contrary to the spirit of the policies of the party center, frequented private clubs, accepted bribes and leaked state secrets.[17]

Political views[edit]

Zhou is known for his hard-line political views, generally expressing views that the law must seen primarily as a means to keep society in order rather than as a means for citizens to seek fairness and justice. In a 2011 article published in Qiushi, Zhou described the concept of civil society as a "trap" being sold by Western countries.[18] Zhou also said that China will never adopt "separation of powers". He said that the law must achieve a mix of "legal, social, and political results."[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Zhou Benshun". China Vitae. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 周本顺简历 [Biography of Zhou Benshun] (in Chinese). People's Daily. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  3. ^ "China probes former associate of jailed security chief". reuters.com. 2015-07-24. 
  4. ^ "Head of China's Hebei Province Investigated on Corruption Charges". voanews.com. 2015-07-25. 
  5. ^ "Hebei Party chief dismissed amid graft probe". Xinhua. 2015-07-28. 
  6. ^ "周本顺被查当天仍在北京开会". Sina. July 24, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Former Aide to Zhou Yongkang Is Latest Target of Graft Buster". Caixin. 2015-07-27. 
  8. ^ "No letup in Xi's corruption battle as elders get angry". nikkei.com. 2015-08-05. 
  9. ^ a b c "Top Hebei official is suspected of graft". Chinadaily. 2015-07-25. 
  10. ^ 曾协助周永康工作 周本顺“空降”河北主政. Ta Kung Pao (in Chinese). 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  11. ^ "【述评】在任省委书记落马 周本顺的警示". Caixin. July 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ "消息称周本顺曾参与令计划儿子法拉利车祸善后工作". Takungpo. July 24, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c "周永康令计划遗祸 河北书记周本顺被查". Duowei News. July 24, 2015. 
  14. ^ "周本顺自我批评成笑柄 曾忌惮反腐力度过大". Duowei News. July 24, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "河北省委书记周本顺落马 洗不掉的"周老虎"印记". Caixin. July 24, 2015. 
  16. ^ "河北省委书记周本顺落马 疑涉周永康案". BBC. July 24, 2015. 
  17. ^ "河北省委原书记、省人大常委会原主任周本顺,国家安全生产监督管理总局原党组书记、局长杨栋梁严重违纪被开除党籍和公职". Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. Retrieved October 16, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Provincial chiefs named as a new generation steps up". South China Morning Post. 2013-03-21. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
Party political offices
Preceded by
Zhang Qingli
Communist Party Secretary of Hebei
2013 – 2015
Succeeded by
Zhao Kezhi
Preceded by
Wang Shengjun
Secretary-General of the
Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission

2007 – 2012
Succeeded by
Wang Yongqing