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After the war, Zhou held several political offices. He was a member of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Commissions of National Defense, a member of standing committee of the 3rd and 4th People's Political Consultative Conference, a deputy of the 1st and 4th National People's Congress, a member of standing committee of the 5th National People's Congress, and a delegate of the 7th and 8th National Congress of CPC.
He received the rank of General in 1955.
Zhou died on June 30, 1979 in Beijing.