Zhu Changqing (Chinese: 朱常清; died 1649), Prince of Huai, was claimed to be emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty; his regime name was Dongwu (東武). The Dongwu Emperor reigned for one year from 1648 to 1649.
Struve, Lynn (1988). "The Southern Ming." In Cambridge History of China, Volume 7, The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 - Part 1, ed. by Frederic W. Mote, Denis Twitchett, and John King Fairbank, pp. 641–725. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.