|7th Emperor of the Ming dynasty|
|Reign||22 September 1449 – 11 February 1457|
|Coronation||22 September 1449|
|Born||21 September 1428|
|Died||14 March 1457(aged 28)|
|House||House of Zhu|
|Mother||Empress Dowager Xiaoyi|
The Jingtai Emperor (景泰 IPA: [tɕìŋtʰâɪ]) (21 September 1428 – 14 March 1457), born Zhu Qiyu, was Emperor of China from 1449 to 1457. The second son of the Xuande Emperor, he was selected in 1449 to succeed his older brother, the Zhengtong Emperor, when the latter was captured by Mongols following the Tumu Crisis. He reigned for 8 years before being removed from the throne by his brother, who was restored as the Tianshun Emperor. The Jingtai Emperor's era name, "Jingtai", means "Exalted View".
Zhengtong was released in 1450 after the Mongols learned that the Ming government had installed Zhu Qiyu as the new emperor. After that, Jingtai continued to rule as emperor while his brother was granted the title of Retired Emperor and lived in obscurity.
During his reign, aided by the able minister Yu Qian, Jingtai paid particular attention to matters affecting his country. He repaired the Grand Canal as well as the system of dykes along the Yellow River. As a result of his administration, the economy prospered and the dynasty was further strengthened.
Jingtai reigned for eight years. When his death was imminent in 1457, he refused to name an heir, particularly because his own son had died mysteriously — perhaps poisoned. The sidelined Zhengtong Emperor saw an opportunity to regain the throne and through a military coup overthrew the Jingtai Emperor. Zhengtong adopted a new era name, "Tianshun", and is henceforth known as the Tianshun Emperor. Jingtai was demoted to the Prince of Cheng, the title he had held before ascending the throne, and was placed under house arrest in Xiyuan (西苑). Jingtai died a month later with some sources hinting that he was murdered by eunuchs on the order of the Tianshun Emperor.
After the Jingtai Emperor's death, the Tianshun Emperor denied his brother's rightful honor to be buried at the Ming Dynasty Tombs (together with his predecessors) located north of Beijing. He was instead buried well away from that locale in the hills west of Beijing and was buried as a prince rather than an emperor. His posthumous name was also shortened to five characters, instead of the normal seventeen, to reflect his demoted status.
|Ancestors of Jingtai Emperor|
Consorts and their Respective Issue:
- Empress Xiaoyuan Jing of the Wang clan (孝渊景皇后 汪氏; 1427 – 1506)
- Empress Suxiao of the Hang clan (肃孝皇后 杭氏; d. 1456)
- 1st son (died young): Zhu Jianji, Crown Prince Huaixian (怀献太子 见济; 1 August 1448 – 21 March 1453)
- Imperial Noble Consort of the Tang clan (皇贵妃 唐氏; d. 1457)
- Consort of the Sun clan (妃 孙氏)
- Demoted to the princely rank by his brother, the restored Tianshun Emperor, he received the posthumous name Li (戾 – "the Rebellious", "the Violent") when he died in 1457; however, his nephew, the Chenghua Emperor, restored his imperial title in 1476 and changed his posthumous name to Emperor Gongren Kangding Jing
- Was denied a temple name by his brother, the restored Tianshun Emperor, but in 1644 the Prince of Fu (福王), the new self-proclaimed emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty, conferred on him the temple name Daizong, which is accepted in most history books, unlike the temple name of the Jianwen Emperor, also conferred by the Prince of Fu, but not recorded in most history books. "Dai" (代) means "proxy", in reference to the Jingtai Emperor being a regent emperor only, as his brother had been taken prisoner by the Mongols
- Present day Zhongnanhai to the west of the Forbidden City in Beijing.
- daughter of Wang Ying (瑛)
- Princess Consort of Cheng (郕; 1445), Empress (1449–1452), Princess Consort of Cheng (1457), Empress Zhenhui Jing (贞惠; 1506), Empress Xiaoyuan Jing (1644)
- m. 1470: Wang Xian (王憲), bore 1 son (Wang Dao (道))
- Princess of Gu'an, Princess of Gu'an Commandery (1457)
- daughter of Hang Yu (昱)
- Noble Consort (1449), Empress (1452), Empress Suxiao (1456)
- Crown Prince (1452), Crown Prince Huaixian (1453–1457)
- daughter of Tang Xing (兴)
- Imperial Noble Consort (1456)
- forced to commit self-immolation
Jingtai EmperorBorn: 21 September 1428 Died: 14 March 1457
|Emperor of China