Zhu Yigui

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Zhu Yigui (Chinese: 朱一貴; pinyin: Zhū Yīguì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chu It-kùi; 1690–1707) was the leader of a Taiwanese uprising against Qing dynasty rule in mid-1721.[1]

He came from a peasant family of Zhangzhou Hokkien ancestry and lived in the village of Lohanmen located in the area of modern-day Neimen District, Kaohsiung.[2] There he worked raising ducks and was a respected member of the local community. In 1721 an earthquake wrought havoc to Lohanmen, even more the prefect of the island, Wang Zhen (prefect) [zh], not only kept collecting heavy taxes even among the impoverished people who lost their possessions with the earthquake.

Zhu was one of those who rose in rebellion and his good reputation among the locals gave him enough followers so that on 19 April he attacked and captured the city of Kua-chin-na (Chinese: 竿津林/竿蓁林/菅蓁林[3]; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Koaⁿ-chin-nâ; modern-day Gangshan). Other rebel leaders also rose on the island, and Qing authorities were heavily pressured. Hoklo, Hakka and Taiwanese aborigines rallied in revolt against the Qing authorities.

Zhu and Du Junying [zh] (another rebel commander of Teochew descent and leader of the Hakka forces) combined their forces and launched an attack on the seat of Tainan Prefecture, the administrative capital of the island, which fell almost without a fight. The Qing authorities retreated to Penghu. The rebel army continued its movement on the western coastal plains. On 1 May, Zhu took the title of Zhongxing Wang (中興王; "Reviving King") and the era name Yong He (永和; "Enduring Peace"), he also established an administration reminiscent of the Ming dynasty.

His power started to weaken after disputes with Du Junying, which spelled disaster for the rebels, as this occurred at the same time the Manchu government organized an expedition against them. Imperial forces commanded by Shi Shipiao [zh] (d. 1721 at the age of 55 sui) and Lan Tingzhen [zh] (1664–1730), landed on 16 June and on 28 June Zhu was captured and executed.[4]

Zhu Yigui was a hero in Taiwan even though Taiwan failed in its early resistance against the Qing Dynasty. The garden saw Xuantian God. Xuantian God asked him to come out to save the people. Zhu Yigui decided that he could resist the Qing Dynasty as long as he became emperor. However, Zhu Yigui resisted the Qing Dynasty and was framed by the people of Taiwan. Execution beheading Zhu Yigui was decapitated at the age of 17, so Zhu Yigui only died at the age of 17 The people of Taiwan gradually forgot Zhu Yigui, but now the Taiwanese have helped Zhu Yigui build a statue for the purpose of the year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : History, people, resources, and commercial prospects : Tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. pp. 70-3. OL 6931635M.
  2. ^ Han Cheung (28 April 2019). "Taiwan in Time: The antirebels of the Qing era". Taipei Times. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  3. ^ see "Entry #40133 (竿蓁林)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan]. (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
  4. ^ Davison, Gary Marvin (2003). A short history of Taiwan: the case for independence. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-275-98131-0. LCCN 2003046961. OCLC 52251428.