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Location of Zhuhai in Guangdong
|• CPC Committee Secretary||Guo Yuanqiang (郭元强)|
|• Mayor||Zheng Renhao (郑人豪)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,724.32 km2 (665.76 sq mi)|
|• Water||690 km2 (270 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,724.32 km2 (665.76 sq mi)|
|• Metro||17,572.9 km2 (6,784.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||36 m (118 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,562,530|
|• Density||910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||粤C|
|– Total||CNY 160.1 billion (2013)|
|– Per capita||CNY 104,800
"Zhuhai", as written in Chinese
|Cantonese Jyutping||Zyu1 hoi2|
|Literal meaning||Pearl Sea|
Zhuhai (//, Chinese: 珠海; pinyin: Zhūhǎi; Yale: Jyūhói) is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of Guangdong province in China. Located in the Pearl River Delta, Zhuhai borders Jiangmen to the northwest, Zhongshan to the north, and Macau to the south. Zhuhai was one of the original Special Economic Zones established in the 1980s. Zhuhai is also one of China's premier tourist destinations, being called the Chinese Riviera. While the city is located in the traditionally Cantonese-speaking region of Guangdong Province, a significant portion of population is now made up of Mandarin speaking economic migrants from inland Chinese provinces.
The northern area of the city, the Xiangzhou district, is now part of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen built-up area, the biggest built-up area in the world with more than 44,478,513 inhabitants at the 2010 census encompassing the whole Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Macao cities, main part of Guangzhou, and small parts of Jiangmen and Huizhou cities.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Economy
- 3 Administration
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Tourism
- 6 Education
- 7 Sports facilities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Zhuhai borders the Macau Special Administrative Region (north and west), and is 140 kilometres (87 miles) southwest of Guangzhou. Its territory includes 146 islands and a coastline of 690 kilometres (429 miles).
The islands within the prefecture-level city of Zhuhai include a number of near-shore islands, often connected to the mainland by bridges or causeways (such as Hengqin, Qi'ao, or Yeli Islands), as well as some islands in the open South China Sea (the Wanshan Archipelago). Some of the latter are actually geographically closer to Hong Kong than to the Zhuhai mainland. The jurisdiction of Nei Lingding Island, located in the Pearl River estuary was transferred from Zhuhai to Shenzhen in 2009.
Zhuhai has a humid subtropical climate affected by the East Asian Monsoon (Koppen classification Cwa) and moderated by the South China Sea, with long, hot and humid summers with frequent thunderstorms, and short, mild and dry winters. Average highs in January and July are 18 and 32 °C (64 and 90 °F) respectively. It never snows and a frost has never been recorded in the city centre. Conversely, extreme heat waves do not occur as they do further inland.
Zhuhai became a city in 1979, a year before it was designated as one of the first Special Economic Zones of China (SEZ). Similarly to neighboring Shenzhen, which became the first Special Economic Zone of China in 1978, the implementation of Zhuhai as an SEZ was largely due to its strategic position facing Macau, a capitalist trading center similar to Shenzhen's position with Hong Kong.
The establishment of Zhuhai as an SEZ allowed the Chinese Central Government and economy to have easier access to the Macau and consequently, global market. As a result, Zhuhai is now a major city in the Pearl River Delta region according to the new general urban plan approved by the State Council. The implementation of Special Economy Zone intended for the city to become a key port city, science and education city, scenic and tourism city, and as a regional hub for transportation.
The outstanding geographic location, a wide range of supporting infrastructure and a deep-water port serve as a major attraction for foreign capital. Utilized foreign investment reached US$10.344 billion in 2008. Among the top 500 enterprises worldwide, 19 of them have investment projects in Zhuhai such as ExxonMobil, BP, Siemens, Carrefour and Matsushita. Hong Kong is the largest overseas investor in Zhuhai, accounting for 22% of total utilized foreign investment in 2002.
Industrial development in Zhuhai focuses on 5 new high-tech and heavy industries including electronics, computer software, biotechnology and pharmacy, machinery and equipment as well as petrochemical industries. Aiming to strengthen the existing industrial base as well as to provide a better environment for the development of new high-tech industries, the local government has taken the initiative in developing five economic zones:
- Zhuhai High-Tech Industrial Development Zone
As one of the 4 earliest Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in China, Zhuhai SEZ was set up in the year 1980 and granted with a local legislative right. Zhuhai hi-tech zone is located in the north of Zhuhai, which is very close to downtown. Furthermore, technological resources are centralized in our zone; there is also a huge development in hi-tech industries which is leading by software and IC industries. The hi-tech zone is the showcase for Zhuhai's scientific development.
- Zhuhai Free Trade Zone
Zhuhai Free Trade Zone (Zhuhai FTZ) was founded in 1996 with the State Council's approval, occupying 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). A Zhuhai FTZ Administrative Committee was set up in June 1997. By the end of 2006, there had been over 200 companies registered in the Free Trade Zone, including more than 150 foreign-funded enterprises, and the total investment amount was 1 billion US dollars. Industries encouraged in the zone includes Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Telecommunications Equipment, Building/Construction Materials, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Raw Material Processing, Research and Development, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics, Heavy Industry.
- Harbour industrial zone (provincial level)
- Wanshan ocean development testing zone (provincial level)
- Heng Qin economic development zone (provincial level)
- global printer consumables manufacturing centre
Zhuhai manufactured and supplied 70% of the world's ribbons, 60% of the world's aftermarket inkjet cartridges and 20% of the world's third-party laser toner cartridges. Their combined sales were worth more than 1.3 billion US dollars or 10% of all the sales in the world. Zhuhai owns a comprehensive supply chain and almost any of the raw materials needed by the printer consumables industry can be provided locally.
|Administrative divisions of Zhuhai|
|Division code||English name||Chinese||Pinyin||Area in km2||Population 2010||Seat||Postal code||Divisions|
|Subdistricts||Towns||Residential communities||Administrative villages|
|440400||Zhuhai City||珠海市||Zhūhǎi Shì||1724.32||1,562,530||Xiangzhou District||519000||9||15||189||122|
|440402||Xiangzhou District *||香洲区||Xiāngzhōu Qū||550.84||892,685||Meihua Subdistrict||519000||8||6||141||7|
|440403||Doumen District||斗门区||Dǒumén Qū||613.88||415,882||Jing'an Town||519100||1||5||23||101|
|440404||Jinwan District *||金湾区||Jīnwān Qū||559.60||253,963||Sanzao Town||519100||4||25||14|
|Hengqin New Area||横琴新区||Héngqín Xīnqū||106.46||Hengqin Town||519030|
Development Experimental Zone
|万山海洋开发试验区||Wànshān Hǎiyáng Kāifā Shìyànqū||80.00||Wanshan Town||519000|
|Zhuhai National Hi-Tech
Industrial Development District
|珠海国家高新技术产业开发区||Zhūhǎi Guójiā Gāoxīn Jìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū||130.00||Tangjiawan Town||519080|
Port Economic Zone
|珠海经济技术开发区||Zhūhǎi Jīngjì Jìshù Kāifāqū||380.00||Nanshui Town||519050|
- Zhuhai Jinwan Airport (IATA: ZGSD, ICAO: ZUH), international airport hosting an annual air show and an exhibition hall, with Chinese space rockets located in Jinwan District.
- Jiuzhou Heliport (九州直升飞机场) (ICAO: ZGUH), is located in Jiuzhou district, near the harbour, and has short plane runway and a helipad. Its place inside Jiuzhou inner district, permits quick transport of injured people from surrounding islands to the city hospitals.
A three-line tram network is planned, with the first phase of Line 1 to open in November 2014.
An attractive and clean environment and good deep-port condition are advantages of Zhuhai. Endowed by a long coastline, Zhuhai is the only city on the western Pearl River Delta with natural deep-water ports.
Chu Kong Passenger Transport operates a ferry service between Zhuhai's Jiuzhou Port, Hong Kong and Shekou Passenger Terminal, in the Nanshan District of Shenzhen. A service between Jiuzhou Port and Hong Kong International Airport for air passengers using the airport began on 10 July 2007.
At present, there is an expressway linking Zhuhai and Foshan. Heavy traffic between Zhuhai and Macau has led to the construction of a new cross-border corridor, the Lotus Bridge, built in November 1999 to divert traffic away from the congested Gongbei Port of Entry (Portas do Cerco). As part of the Pearl River Delta integration, a Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is under construction.
Zhuhai's and surrounding landscapes has a reputation within China of being a garden city and having a quality of life. In 2002, the city attracted 1.3 million international tourists and 3.64 million domestic tourists. Following Guangzhou and Shenzhen, Zhuhai has the third largest amount of foreign tourism in the Guangdong province, which amounted to billion in 2002.
Zhuhai hosts the China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition biannually in November. It is the largest Air Show in China and a huge tourist attraction.
Realizing the benefits brought by tourism, the local government is expanding tourist destinations and is developing new spots such as Hengqin (横琴岛/橫琴島), Dong'ao (东澳/東澳), Hebao (荷包), Qi'ao (淇澳岛/淇澳島) and Yeli (野狸).
New Yuan Ming Palace
The New Yuan Ming Palace (simplified Chinese: 圆明新园; traditional Chinese: 圓明新園) is a park of 1.39 square kilometres (0.54 square miles), including an 80,000 m2 (861,113 sq ft) lake. It features a partial reconstruction of the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, destroyed in 1860 by French and British troops during the second Opium War, which was never rebuilt on its original site.
Coast of Xianglu Bay—Fisher Girl Statue
Coast of Xianglu Bay is the 'symbol' of Zhuhai. It has a good view of Zhuhai (Pearl River) Delta with brownish water, rocks, beach, fishing people. The famous landmark of the city – Fisher Girl Statue is standing elegantly at Xianglu Bay, the statue drapes a fishnet and holds a pearl high in the air with both hands up to the sky. It symbolizes a vigorous and lively Zhuhai welcoming visitors from all over the world.
Developing a university park is part of Zhuhai's strategy to strengthen its high-tech and IT industries. Compared with Beijing and Shanghai, Zhuhai and other cities in Guangdong province face a serious shortage of talent and professionals. The local government is taking significant initiatives to set up a university park with an area of 20 square kilometres (8 square miles) (the only such plan in the western Pearl River Delta).
Colleges and universities
- Zhuhai Campus of Jinan University
- Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai Campus
- Beijing Institute of Technology, Zhuhai Campus
- Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai Campus
- Zhuhai College of Jilin University
- United International College
A number of other colleges and universities are also located in or near Zhuhai. Beijing Normal University Zhuhai Campus was created as a new model university. Besides its high quality of education, it is more internationally oriented than many universities in China. Many students here prepare to go abroad to finish their junior and senior years.
Zhuhai is the first city in China to have constructed a motor racing circuit. The Zhuhai International Circuit (Chinese: 珠海国际赛车场; pinyin: Zhūhǎi Guoji Sai Che Chang) was built in 1996 and is located at Jinding, near the border to Zhongshan. ZIC has held the BPR Global GT Endurance Series in 1996, the FIA GT Championship in 1997, 1999, 2004 and 2005. It hosted the championship's 2007 opening round on 24 and 25 March. ZIC had planned to host a round of the Champ Car World Series on 20 May 2007, but agreement was not reached. ZIC held an A1GP race in 2007 for the first time in series' history. ZIC became the first venue in China to host the Intercontinental Le Mans Cup on 7 November 2010 when the 2010 1000 km of Zhuhai was staged.
- List of twin towns and sister cities in China
- Hengqin, an offshore island administered by Zhuhai.
- Wanshan Qundao, 104 island archipelago in the South China Sea
- "Zhuhai pronunciation". thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- 社科院：珠海取代香港成为最宜居城市 网易新闻，2014-05-09
- (Chinese) 内伶仃岛归属深圳市管辖, sznews.com, 2009-09-26
- Zhuhai High-Tech Industrial Zone. RightSite.asia.
- 中国保税区出口加工区协会. Cfea.org.cn.
- Zhuhai Free Trade Zone. RightSite.asia.
-  Archived 8 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.
- 广东省统计局、国家统计局广东调查总队 (2014.09). 《广东统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7174-3. Check date values in:
- shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
- 中华人民共和国民政部 (2014.08). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9. Check date values in:
- ZUH Zhuhai ZHUHAI JINWAN AIRPORT Airport – Flight Arrivals, Departures, Time, Schedule & Status. Ctrip.com.
- 珠海九州直升机场 _中国民用航空局 Archived 3 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Caac.gov.cn.
-  Archived 12 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- New Yuanming Palace at. Travelchinaguide.com.
- "Walking along the Coast of Xianglu Bay" Zhuhai Things to Do Tip by MINOSUKE. Members.virtualtourist.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhuhai.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zhuhai.|
- Website of Zhuhai City (available in English, Portuguese and Spanish)
- Official government website (available in Chinese and English)
- Official website for investors (available in Chinese and English)
||Zhongshan||Pearl River Delta /
|Jiangmen||Pearl River Delta /
Hong Kong SAR
|South China Sea||South China Sea|| Macau /
South China Sea