Zhuk-class patrol boat
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Ukrainian patrol boat U120 Skadovsk at Sevastopol Bay, 2004
|Name:||Zhuk class (Project 1400M Grif)|
|Displacement:||39 t (38 LT)|
|Length:||23.8 m (78 ft)|
|Beam:||5 m (16 ft)|
|Draught:||1.1 m (4 ft)|
|Installed power:||Diesel-direct: 2 Type M401B diesels (2 x MTU/CAT; 2 x 1,000 @ 2,300 rpm)|
|Range:||450 nmi (830 km)|
|Complement:||11 (3 officers, 8 enlisted)|
|Sensors and |
|Mius ("Spin Trough") surface search/navigation (range, bearing)|
|Armament:||2 x twin 12.7 mm (0.50 in) guns|
The Zhuk-class patrol boat, also known as Project 1400M "Grif", is a small border patrol vessel of less then 40 ton displacement built in the Soviet Union and later in Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. Over 300 boats were built between 1969 and 1991. Out of those, 110 were sold to 23 other countries. Exact numbers are unknown, but they were widely exported by the Soviet Union in addition to use in home waters as harbor patrol. The vessels were excellent for this task thanks to a cheap design for mass production. With only a single simple radar unit and manually-aimed machine guns, they made ideal patrol boats. The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, and the abolition of its primary user the, KGB Maritime Guard, it was taken over by the Russian Federal Coast Guard. By 2007 only 15-20 remained in service with the Russian Navy.
- 1400A "Gurzuf"
- 1400E (created in 1972)
- 1400T, one was specially built in 2004 for Turkmenistan
- 1400ME (created in 1976)
Former Soviet Union
- Russian Coast Guard - 25 vessels (Pr.1400) were part of two border guard brigades (6th Patrol Boats Brigade in Ochamchira and 21st Patrol Boats Brigade in Novorossiysk); 4 vessels (Pr.1400ME) were part of a training cutters group (also known as GUK) that was based in Ochamchira, but training was conducted in Poti; 2 vessels (Pr.1400A) were part of government vessels division and based in Sochi
- Abkhazia (non-UN member)
- received 8 vessels total, 2 were received in 1992-93 and involved in the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia their armament was replaced with 1x2-23 mm ZU-23-2 and 1-2 blocks of S-8 rocket (80 mm by 20 pieces per block); those two were involved in the Sukhumi Airport blockade and known to shotdown military and civilian airplanes of Georgia (at least one Su-25, one Tu-134 and two Tu-154) with time those two were scrapped; in 2004 received 3 vessels of Russian GUKs from the 6th Patrol Boats Brigade and in 2006 were received 3 more vessels
- Ukrainian sea guard - 7 vessels of the 5th Patrol Boat Brigade in Balaklava (Pr.1400 - 2, Pr.1400M - 3, Pr.1400A - 2), 15 vessels of the 18th Patrol Boat Brigade in Odessa (Pr.1400M - 15); Ukrainian Navy - 2 vessels; about 10 more vessels were built after fall of the Soviet Union at More Factory in Feodosiya
- Azerbaijani Navy - one vessel from the Caspian Flotilla
- Estonian Navy - Two examples left behind by the Soviets (both Pr.1400M) when they left the Baltic States, two Zhuks were formally commissioned in 1992. They were scrapped sometime in 2001 and replaced by Swedish- and Finnish-built vessels. One of them (EML Grif) is on exhibition at the Lennusadam port of the Estonian Maritime Museum.
Other than former Soviet Union countries
- Military of Algeria - One (Pr.1400ME) example was procured in 1981. It was quickly discarded.
- Navy of Benin - As of 2004, all four examples were "in commission" but non-operational.
- Royal Cambodian Navy - In 1975 three units had been transferred from the Soviet Union. In 1988 a fourth example was returned by Vietnam. Used for riverine patrol, they are active.
- Cape Verde
- Coast Guard - Three units transferred, all non-operational as of 2014.
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- DRC Navy - Three units were transferred by the USSR in 1982 with three more ordered in 1984. None are operational.
- Cuban Navy - Between 1971 and 1989 40 units were transferred to Cuba. By 2007 only a dozen remained in service.
- Equatorial Guinea
- Military of Equatorial Guinea - By 1975 three units had been transferred from the Soviet Navy where they served until begin scrapped in 1988-89.
- Ethiopian Navy - Four Zhuks were transferred in two batches between 1982 and 1990. Two fled to Yemen during the Yemenese civil war, when the other two examples were destroyed by rebels. They were scrapped in 1995.
- Military of Guinea - After extensive refurbishment, two units were transferred from the USSR to Guinea in 1987 and remain marginally operational.
- Iraqi Navy - Five Zhuks were transferred by 1975. Relegated to security tasks during the Iran-Iraq War from 1980–88, they took part in the 1990 attack on Kuwait City. During Operation Desert Storm three were sunk by Coalition aircraft, with the remaining two sunk in 2003 by US planes as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- Military of Mauritius - With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, two ex-Soviet units were given to Mauritius in 1990. The Rescuer and Retriever have been carefully cared for and by 2007 were in excellent condition and operational. They have been upgraded with a new radar and civilian GPS receivers.
- Armed Forces for the Defense of Mozambique - Two of five units delivered between 1978 and 1980 were sunk during the civil war. The remainder were decommissioned in 1993.
- Nicaraguan Navy - With eight units transferred by 1986, two more were given by the USSR as replacements for two lost during a 1989 hurricane. All were scrapped by 2000.
- Seychelles People's Defence Force - Supplied by the USSR in 1982, two vessels remain operational with their "Spin Trough" radar replaced by a different system.
- Somali Navy - One example was transferred, sunk in the civil war of 1991.
- Syrian Navy - Home ported at Tartous, eight units were transferred from 1981-88. They remain operational.
- Vietnam People's Navy - Between 1978 and 1990, a total of fourteen units were transferred. One example was transferred to Cambodia, and three decommissioned in 1993. By 2007 the remainder had been decommissioned.
- Yemeni Navy - Following the unification of North and South Yemen, a total of seven examples were in Yemeni possession. Four were modified with the addition of Decca 1226 radar systems. By 2006, the Zhuks were replaced by new, purpose-built patrol boats from Australia.