Zhumadian

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Zhumadian
驻马店市
Prefecture-level city
Zhumadian in Henan
Zhumadian in Henan
Zhumadian is located in China
Zhumadian
Zhumadian
Location in China
Coordinates: 32°59′N 114°02′E / 32.983°N 114.033°E / 32.983; 114.033Coordinates: 32°59′N 114°02′E / 32.983°N 114.033°E / 32.983; 114.033
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
County-level divisions 10
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 14,974 km2 (5,781 sq mi)
 • Urban 770 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro 770 km2 (300 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 7,230,744
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 721,670
 • Urban density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Metro 721,670
 • Metro density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 463000
Area code(s) 0396
GDP ¥4,184 per capita (2003)
Major Nationalities Han
License plate prefixes Q
Website zhumadian.gov.cn

Zhumadian (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 駐馬店; pinyin: Zhùmǎdiàn; Postal map spelling: Chumatien) is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.

Its population is 7,230,744 at the 2010 census of whom 721,678 live in the built-up or metro area made up of Yicheng District.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Zhumadian administers 1 district and 9 counties.

History[edit]

Zhumadian was previously known as Yicheng, for it used to be a relay station. In the Tang Dynasty, the emperor ordered his soldiers carry lychees from Guangdong to his charming princess Yang who loved to eat lychees. And Zhumadian was one of the relay stations.

Geography[edit]

Zhumadian is situated at 32° 18'−33° 35' N latitude, and 113° 10'−115° 12' E longitude, with a maximum east-west width of 191.5 kilometres (119.0 mi), and at most 137.5 kilometres (85.4 mi) long from south to north. The area of the prefecture is 15,083 square kilometres (5,824 sq mi), occupying 8.9% of the total provincial area. Neighbouring prefectures are:

  • Fuyang, Anhui (E)
  • Xinyang (S)
  • Nanyang (W)
  • Pingdingshan (NW)
  • Luohe (N)
  • Zhoukou (NE)

The terrain is dominated by mountains, hills, hillocks, and plains.

Climate[edit]

Zhumadian has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with cold, somewhat damp, winters, and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 1.3 °C (34.3 °F) in January to 27.2 °C (81.0 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 14.86 °C (58.7 °F). More than 60% of the annual precipitation of 979 mm (38.5 in) occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 39% in March to 46% in four months, the city receives 1,927 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Zhumadian (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.9
(48)
13.8
(56.8)
21.2
(70.2)
26.4
(79.5)
30.9
(87.6)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
26.9
(80.4)
21.7
(71.1)
14.8
(58.6)
8.9
(48)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.6
(38.5)
9.9
(49.8)
15.0
(59)
20.3
(68.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
17.2
(63)
11.3
(52.3)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.3
(50.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21.4
(0.843)
25.0
(0.984)
51.3
(2.02)
58.2
(2.291)
84.3
(3.319)
130.0
(5.118)
194.4
(7.654)
180.5
(7.106)
106.7
(4.201)
71.8
(2.827)
39.2
(1.543)
16.4
(0.646)
979.2
(38.552)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 5.9 8.6 7.9 9.8 9.2 12.7 11.3 9.5 8.7 6.2 4.9 100.0
 % humidity 69 69 71 71 71 70 81 83 78 73 71 67 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 129.8 122.6 144.0 178.9 192.9 194.9 183.8 176.4 159.4 157.8 144.4 141.8 1,926.7
Percent possible sunshine 41 40 39 46 45 46 42 43 43 45 46 46 43.5
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Agriculture[edit]

Mainly wheat, maize, peanut, sesame, green beans and tobacco.

Culture[edit]

Zhumadian has a rich cultural history and the birthplace of many great people in ancient times[citation needed]. There is an old site of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai who are the characters in the Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese story.

Dams[edit]

Zhumadian has 62 different dams including Banqiao Dam within its territory.

Transportation[edit]

One of the Chinese main highways, China National Highway 107, runs through Zhumadian. Zhumadian also has its own transportation system.

References[edit]

External links[edit]