Zhumadian

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Zhumadian

驻马店
驻马店市
Zhumadian in Henan
Zhumadian in Henan
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
County-level divisions10
Area
 • Prefecture-level city14,974 km2 (5,781 sq mi)
 • Urban
770 km2 (300 sq mi)
 • Metro
770 km2 (300 sq mi)
Population
(2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city7,230,744
 • Density480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
508,312
 • Urban density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Metro
508,312
 • Metro density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
463000
Area code(s)0396
GDP¥4,184 per capita (2003)
Major NationalitiesHan
License plate prefixesQ
Websitezhumadian.gov.cn

Zhumadian (simplified Chinese: 驻马店; traditional Chinese: 駐馬店; pinyin: Zhùmǎdiàn; Postal map spelling: Chumatien) is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.

Its population is 7,230,744 at the 2010 census whom 503,812 live in the built up area.

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Zhumadian administers 1 district and 9 counties.

History

Zhumadian was previously known as Yicheng, for it used to be a relay station. In the Tang Dynasty, the emperor ordered his soldiers carry lychees from Guangdong to his charming princess Yang who loved to eat lychees. And Zhumadian was one of the relay stations.

Geography

Zhumadian is situated at 32° 18'−33° 35' N latitude, and 113° 10'−115° 12' E longitude, with a maximum east-west width of 191.5 kilometres (119.0 mi), and at most 137.5 kilometres (85.4 mi) long from south to north. The area of the prefecture is 15,083 square kilometres (5,824 sq mi), occupying 8.9% of the total provincial area. Neighbouring prefectures are:

  • Fuyang, Anhui (E)
  • Xinyang (S)
  • Nanyang (W)
  • Pingdingshan (NW)
  • Luohe (N)
  • Zhoukou (NE)

The terrain is dominated by mountains, hills, hillocks, and plains.

Climate

Zhumadian has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with cold, somewhat damp, winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly mean temperatures range from 1.3 °C (34.3 °F) in January to 27.2 °C (81.0 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). Sunshine amounts are moderate and precipitation is concentrated from June to September.

Climate data for Zhumadian (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
8.9
(48.0)
13.8
(56.8)
21.2
(70.2)
26.4
(79.5)
30.9
(87.6)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
26.9
(80.4)
21.7
(71.1)
14.8
(58.6)
8.9
(48.0)
20.2
(68.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.6
(38.5)
9.9
(49.8)
15.0
(59.0)
20.3
(68.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
17.2
(63.0)
11.3
(52.3)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.3
(50.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.4
(0.84)
25.0
(0.98)
51.3
(2.02)
58.2
(2.29)
84.3
(3.32)
130.0
(5.12)
194.4
(7.65)
180.5
(7.11)
106.7
(4.20)
71.8
(2.83)
39.2
(1.54)
16.4
(0.65)
979.2
(38.55)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 5.9 8.6 7.9 9.8 9.2 12.7 11.3 9.5 8.7 6.2 4.9 100.0
Average relative humidity (%) 69 69 71 71 71 70 81 83 78 73 71 67 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 129.8 122.6 144.0 178.9 192.9 194.9 183.8 176.4 159.4 157.8 144.4 141.8 1,926.7
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Agriculture

Mainly wheat, maize, peanut, sesame, green beans and tobacco.

Culture

Zhumadian has a rich cultural history and the birthplace of many great people in ancient times[citation needed]. There is an old site of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai who are the characters in the Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese story.

Dams

Zhumadian has 62 different dams including Banqiao Dam within its territory.

Transportation

One of the Chinese main highways, China National Highway 107, runs through Zhumadian. Zhumadian also has its own transportation system.

External links