LandSpace (Chinese: 蓝箭; pinyin: Lán Jiàn; literally: 'Blue Arrow') or Landspace Technology Corporation (Chinese: 蓝箭空间科技; pinyin: Lán Jiàn Kōngjiān Kējì; literally: 'Blue Arrow Space Technology') is a Chinese private space launch company based in Beijing. It was founded by Tsinghua University in 2015. The company conducted its first launch of the Zhuque-1 rocket on 27 October 2018, however the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.
The firm aims to develop, build and operate a solid fueled orbital rocket Zhuque-1, which is technologically based on the Long March 11 rocket of the Chinese government. LandSpace also aims to develop an original rocket design, the liquid fueled orbital rocket Zhuque-2.
Zhuque-1 (ZQ-1, Chinese：朱雀一号or朱雀·南太湖号), also called LandSpace-1 (the name LandSpace-1 or LS-1 was originally reserved for a different rocket that did not in the end materialize; after cancellation of the rocket, the name LandSpace-1 was affiliated to LandSpace's rocket-to-be-developed, the Zhuque-1), is a 19-meter (62 ft)-tall, three-stage solid-propellant rocket. Zhuque-1 has a takeoff mass of 27 tonnes (60,000 lb) and a thrust of 45 tonnes-force (99,000 lbf), and is able to carry 300 kilograms (660 lb) of payload into a 300 kilometres (190 mi) low Earth orbit.
The maiden flight of Zhuque-1 was on 27 October 2018 from a mobile platform at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, carrying Weila-1 satellite for China Central Television. After a successful first- and second-stage firing, and fairing separation, the payload failed to reach orbit due to an issue with the third stage.
LandSpace is also developing a liquid-fuelled rocket called Zhuque-2 (ZQ-2). Zhuque-2 is a medium-sized rocket powered by liquid oxygen and methane capable of lifting 4,000 kg of payload into a 200 km low Earth orbit, or 2,000 kg of payload into a 500 km Sun-synchronous orbit. As of July 2018[update], the rocket was planned to be launched in 2020.
In May 2019, LandSpace did test firings of its liquid methane and LOX fuelled TQ-12 rocket engine at its test facility at Huzhou, Zhejiang province. LandSpace's head of research and development, Ge Minghe, says the engine has a thrust of 80 tonnes. The Huzhou facility will be able to produce about 15 ZQ 2 rockets and 200 TQ-12 engines starting in 2020, according to CEO, Zhang Changwu.
- "Private firm inks intl contract for commercial rocket launch". China Daily. Xinhua. 16 January 2017.
- "北京蓝箭空间科技有限公司(landspace)" (in Chinese). China Spaceflight. 30 September 2017.
- Henri Kenhamn (2017). "LandSpace : le futur SpaceX chinois" (in French). East Pendulum.
- Jeffrey Lin; P.W. Singer; (23 January 2017). "A private Chinese space company just scored a foreign contract for the first time". Popular Science. Cite magazine requires
|magazine=(help)CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Clay Dillow (28 March 2017). "China's secret plan to crush SpaceX and the US space program". CNBC.
- Barbosa, Rui C. (27 October 2018). "Chinese commercial provider LandSpace launches Weilai-1 on a Zhuque-1 rockets – fails to make orbit". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- Jones, Andrew (27 October 2018). "Landspace fails to reach orbit with milestone private Chinese launch". Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Commercial Chinese companies set sights on methalox rockets, first orbital launches - SpaceNews.com". SpaceNews.com. 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- "LandSpace Unveils Highly Ambitious New Rocket - Via Satellite -". Via Satellite. 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
- Sputnik. "Chinese Space Company Planning Launch of Largest Privately Owned Liquid Rocket". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission May 2019
- LandSpace Completes Hot Fire Test of Groundbreaking TQ-12 Methalox Engine May 2019
- Advanced rocket engine ready for space mission, Space Daily, 2019-05-21
- Doug Messier (20 December 2017). "EXPACE Raises $182 Million for Small Satellite Launchers". Parabolic Arc.