Zhuzhou

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Zhuzhou

株洲市
Jianshe South Road (建设南路)
Jianshe South Road (建设南路)
Location of Zhuzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Zhuzhou City jurisdiction in Hunan
Zhuzhou is located in Hunan
Zhuzhou
Zhuzhou
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 27°49′40″N 113°08′02″E / 27.8277°N 113.1340°E / 27.8277; 113.1340Coordinates: 27°49′40″N 113°08′02″E / 27.8277°N 113.1340°E / 27.8277; 113.1340
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
Government
 • mayorMao Tengfei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city11,262 km2 (4,348 sq mi)
 • Metro
535 km2 (207 sq mi)
Population
(2014 Statistical Communique)
 • Prefecture-level city3,961,000
 • Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,416,000
 • Metro
1,055,373
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-02
GDP2014[1]
 - TotalCNY 216.05 billion
 - per capitaCNY 54,544
(USD 8,787)
GDP growth rateIncrease 10.5%

Zhuzhou (Chinese: 株洲; pinyin: Zhūzhōu), formerly Jianning, is a prefecture-level city of Hunan Province, China, straddling the Xiang River southeast of the provincial capital, Changsha, and bordering Jiangxi province to the east. It is part of the "Changzhutan Golden Triangle" (comprising the cities of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan). The city has jurisdiction over 5 counties (Yanling, Chaling, Youxian, Liling, Zhuzhou) and four districts (Hetang, Lusong, Shifeng and Tianyuan, a high-tech industrial development zone), and covers an area of 11,420 km2 (4,410 sq mi).

As of the 2010 census, Zhuzhou has 3,855,609 inhabitants, of whom 1,055,373 lived in the built-up area (4 urban districts). With Xiangtan areas adjoining Zhuzhou due to be agglomerated in a few years' time, the joint built-up area will be home to 2,930,673 inhabitants. Zhuzhou is located in a subtropical monsoon climate zone and with its abundant mineral and organic resources has one of the highest agricultural yields in Hunan province.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Zhuzhou administers five districts, one county-level city,and three counties.

Map

Government[edit]

The current CPC Party Secretary of Zhuzhou is Mao Tengfei and the current Mayor is Yang Weiguo.

Transportation[edit]

Rail Station

Zhuzhou is a very important transportation junction in South China. The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway and the Hunan-Guizhou Railway meet here, which makes Zhuzhou Railway Station, conveniently located in downtown Zhuzhou, one of the five special class passenger-and-goods transportation stations in China. On average, a train passes through every three minutes. Zhuzhou North Station is the largest goods transportation marshalling station in South China, with 110 trains and more than 30,000 passengers passing through every day.

The Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway serves the city as well. As almost everywhere along this line, the high-speed railway is routed away from the city core. High-speed trains to Guangzhou, Wuhan, Beijing, Xi'an and points in between stop at Zhuzhou West Railway Station, which is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) to the west of downtown Zhuzhou.

As well through its comprehensive railway system, Zhuzhou is connected to the rest of the country by 106 National Highway, 320 National Highway, 211 Provincial Highway,the Beijing-Zhuhai expressway, the Shanghai-Ruili expressway, and three highways linking south Fujian, south Jiangxi and south Hunan Province.

Zhuzhou is 37 kilometres (23 miles) away from Changsha Huanghua International Airport. It takes about 30 minutes to drive to the airport by the Changsha-Zhuzhou Highway.

The Xiang River (Xiangjiang) flows through Zhuzhou, which makes it one of the eight river ports of Hunan Province.

A local rail manufacturer is currently constructing an Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit system (ART), due to open in 2018.

Industry[edit]

Zhuzhou is the second largest city in Hunan Province; it is an industrial city with four key industries are metallurgy, machine manufacture, chemicals and building materials.

Zhuzhou became one of the eight key national-wide industrial cities in the 1st Five-Year-Plan. 4 out of 156 key projects were set up in Zhuzhou. Later on, more than 20 important factories were built in Zhuzhou.

Zhuzhou's high-tech industrial development zone was approved by the State Council in December 1992 and was designated in a 35 km2 (14 sq mi) area next to the Xiang River.[2]

The high-tech industrial development zone is located less than 10 km (6.2 mi) from China National Highway 320,[3] and provides incentives to encourage investment in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; construction materials production, food and agricultural processing, heavy industry, and telecommunications equipment production.[3][4]

Building and structures[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Zhuzhou is twinned with:

  • Sumgait, Azerbaijan[5]
  • Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway and Zhuzhou signed a twin town agreement in 1999 after establishing contact in 1995. The two cities also signed agreements on student and competence exchange and culture. Also, two elementary schools - one in Zhuzhou and one in Fredrikstad - signed an agreement on friendship cooperation.
  • Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • Southern Pines, North Carolina, United States; The O'Neal School in Southern Pines, North Carolina has partnered and developed an exchange program with Nanfang High School and Zhuzhou Foreign Language School.

Cityscape[edit]

Zhuzhou

Climate[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 湖南统计信息网 - 株洲市2014年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Zhuzhou High-tech Park". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Zhuzhou Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  4. ^ Clean Energy Entrepreneurs Face More Obstacles in U.S., New York Times, September 8, 2010
  5. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  6. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.