Ziauddin Butt

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Ziauddin Butt
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1964–1999
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Service number PA – 6989
Unit 108 Engineer Bn
Commands held 108 Engineer Battalion, Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, Commander 30 Corps Gujranwala,
Adjutant General Pakistan Army (AG)
DG Inter-Services Intelligence,
General Officer Commanding – 11 Infantry Division,
Director General Combat Development
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
Awards Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Military)
Other work Current chairman of Chief Minister’s Inspection Team, Punjab Provincial Government.[1]

Ziauddin Khawaja (Urdu: ضیاء الدین خواجہ‎), also known as Ziauddin Butt (Urdu: ضیاء الدین بٹ‎), is a four-star general [2][3][4][5] of the Pakistan Army and a career operations and infantry formations commander, head of intelligence and engineering officer.

Ziauddin has served as Director-General of Pakistan's premier intelligence agency ISI. He was nominated for the post of Pakistan Army chief on 12 Oct 1999 by then-Prime minister Nawaz Sharif after the dismissal of General Pervez Musharraf, who had begun a coup against the government. The coup went ahead regardless of this appointment as Ziauddin told his supporters not to resist the move as it would cause dangerous in-fighting among the army.[6] Both Sharif and Ziauddin were arrested by the coup-makers and taken to different locations. Ziauddin was kept in solitary confinement for two years, and was subject to three army investigations which aimed to find some element of wrongdoing on his part. Musharraf decided to use a 'scouts penalty' – a discretionary punishment not requiring a crime, to dismiss General Ziauddin from service.

He revealed in October 2011 that according to his knowledge the then former Director-General of Intelligence Bureau of Pakistan (2004 – 2008), Brigadier Ijaz Shah, had kept Osama bin Laden in an Intelligence Bureau safe house in Abbottabad.[7]

Army career[edit]

Ziauddin is a nephew of Ghulam Jilani Khan.[8] he was commissioned in Pakistan Army in the Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers, a technical combat arm in October 1964 in the 30th PMA Long Course.[9] Ziauddin received his B.Eng. in civil engineering in 1968.[9]

He has commanded Infantry Brigade, Infantry Division and Corps.

Ziauddin was Pakistan's first head of the Strategic Planning Division (SPD) and oversaw Pakistan's nuclear arsenal.[10] Ziauddin was promoted to Lieutenant-General on 25 February 1996 and made the Corps Commander of 30 Corps at Gujranwala by General Jehangir Karamat, who was then COAS.[citation needed] After serving as the Corps Commander, Ziauddin was posted as the Adjutant General (AG) of the army, a Principal Staff Officer (PSO) position where he was serving at the time of the promotion of General Musharraf to the Army chief in October 1998.[11] When Lieutenant Generals Ali Kuli Khan Khattak and Khalid Nawaz were superseded by Musharraf, Ziauddin moved to second slot in the seniority list of the army, second only to Musharraf himself.[12] He was subsequently assigned to head the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) by Prime minister Nawaz Sharif, after replacing Lieutenant-general Naseem Rana who was posted as Master-General Ordnance. (MGO). He was also one of the senior most generals ever to occupy the post of Intelligence Chief (DG ISI) and is credited with major revamping and evolution of the agency and its operations.[12] He is currently serving as the elected Chairman of the LGH Post Graduate Medical Institute.[13]

Kamran Khan of The News wrote disparagingly about Ziauddin in a news column called "the news/national intelligence unit (NIU)".[14] General Rashid Quraishi was quoted as saying "General Ziauddin was one of the best generals in our army's history, so now we have to change the history".[15] Author Shuja Nawaz (brother of former Pakistan army chief Asif Nawaz) wrote in his book that Musharraf created a false impression that Ziauddin and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had family connections.[16]

Ziauddin Butt, as a retired general, told Carlotta Gall, the correspondent for The New York Times, that he thought Musharraf had arranged to hide Osama Bin Laden in Abbottabad.[17]


  1. ^ Ex-DG ISI Ziauddin Butt appointed Chairman CMIT Archived 17 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/02/13/pakistan-s-musharraf-has-been-accused-of-knowing-osama-bin-laden-s-hideout.html
  3. ^ "The Jamestown Foundation". www.jamestown.org. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  4. ^ "Special Report, NOS, The News International". jang.com.pk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  5. ^ Chaudhry, Aminullah (2009) Hijacking from the Ground: The Bizarre Story of Pk 805. Authorhouse. Pg 167
  6. ^ quoted by General Rehmat – Chief of PM House security
  7. ^ Jamal, Arif. "Former Pakistan Army Chief Reveals Intelligence Bureau Harbored Bin Laden in Abbottabad". Terrorism Monitor Journal. The JamesTown Foundation. 
  8. ^ Late 1993: Military Establishes Access Controls at Main A. Q. Khan Facility at historycommons.org, accessed 25 March 2012
  9. ^ a b ISPR PR1998-Appointment of DGISI
  10. ^ "Special Report, NOS, The News International". jang.com.pk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  11. ^ Rahimullah Yusufzai. "I never advocated martial law: Kuli"[dead link] The News, 3 October 2006
  12. ^ a b B. Raman. "A Revamp of Pakistani Intelligence Community is underway" SAPRA India, 18 December 1998
  13. ^ "PGMI, LGH board of management elect head". Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  14. ^ Kamran Khan (15 October 1999). "Ambitious Ziauddin steered Nawaz to political disaster". National Intelligence Unit. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. 
  15. ^ Waits, Tom & Luk, Qasim (in press) Machiavillian east: politics of armymen. Rotun Haiku.[not specific enough to verify]
  16. ^ Nawaz, Shuja (2008). Crossed swords: Pakistan, its army, and the wars within. Oxford university Press. Pg 526
  17. ^ Gall, Carlotta (2014-03-19). "What Pakistan Knew About Bin Laden". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 

See also[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Naseem Rana
Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence
Succeeded by
Mahmud Ahmed
Preceded by
Pervez Musharraf
Chief of Army Staff Pakistan Army
12 October 1999
Succeeded by
Pervez Musharraf