Zichy Land in an 1898 Franz Josef Land map showing Frederick G. Jackson's explorations
Location of the Zichy Land subgroup of the Franz Josef Archipelago.
|Archipelago||Franz Josef Archipelago|
|Major islands||Salisbury Island, Jackson Island|
|Highest elevation||620 m (2,030 ft)|
|Highest point||Peak Parnass|
Zichy Land (Russian: Земля Зичи; Zemlya Zichy) is a geographical subgroup of Franz Josef Land, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. It is formed by the central cluster of large islands in the midst of the archipelago. The islands are separated from each other by narrow sounds that are frozen most of the year, forming a compact whole.
This island group was named after Hungarian Count Ödön Zichy (1811-1894) who was, beside Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek, the second highest sponsor for the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition to Franz Josef Land.
The northernmost point of Zichy Land is Cape Bema in Karl-Alexander Island and its southernmost point is Cape Fiume in Champ Island. The distance between both is 114 kilometres (71 miles). Cape Armitidzh in Luigi Island is the westernmost point of the subgroup. The highest point is 620 metres (2,034 feet) high Peak Parnass located on Wiener Neustadt Island. The channels separating the islands in the southeastern area of the group are very narrow.
The individual islands forming the Zemlya Zichy archipelago are (from North to south):
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