Zichy Land

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Zichy Land
Земля Зичи
Map of Franz Josef Land showing journeys and discoveries of Frederick G. Jackson, F.R.G.S. - UvA-BC OTM HB-KZL 61 18 38.jpg
Zichy Land in an 1898 Franz Josef Land map showing Frederick G. Jackson's explorations
Kara sea ZFJZL.PNG
Location of the Zichy Land subgroup of the Franz Josef Archipelago.
Location Arctic
Coordinates 81°00′N 56°00′E / 81.000°N 56.000°E / 81.000; 56.000
Archipelago Franz Josef Archipelago
Total islands 22
Major islands Salisbury Island, Jackson Island
Highest elevation 620 m (2,030 ft)
Highest point Peak Parnass
Population 0

Zichy Land (Russian: Земля Зичи; Zemlya Zichy) is a geographical subgroup of Franz Josef Land, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. It is formed by the central cluster of large islands in the midst of the archipelago. The islands are separated from each other by narrow sounds that are frozen most of the year, forming a compact whole.[1]

This island group was named after Hungarian Count Ödön Zichy (1811-1894) who was, beside Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek, the second highest sponsor for the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition to Franz Josef Land.


The broad channel to the west of Zichy Land is known as Markham Channel (Russian: Пролив маркама; Proliv Markama), after British polar explorer Admiral Sir Albert Hastings Markham.

The northernmost point of Zichy Land is Cape Bema in Karl-Alexander Island and its southernmost point is Cape Fiume in Champ Island. The distance between both is 114 kilometres (71 miles). Cape Armitidzh in Luigi Island is the westernmost point of the subgroup. The highest point is 620 metres (2,034 feet) high Peak Parnass located on Wiener Neustadt Island.[2] The channels separating the islands in the southeastern area of the group are very narrow.

Zichy Land islands to the south of Rudolf Island.
Zichy Land in a 1874 map by Julius Payer.


The individual islands forming the Zemlya Zichy archipelago are (from North to south):

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