Zillis-Reischen

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Zillis-Reischen
Zillis-Reischen -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Zillis-Reischen
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°38′N 9°26′E / 46.633°N 9.433°E / 46.633; 9.433Coordinates: 46°38′N 9°26′E / 46.633°N 9.433°E / 46.633; 9.433
Population 424 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 17 /km2 (45 /sq mi)
Area 24.44 km2 (9.44 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 945 m (3,100 ft)
Postal code 7432
SFOS number 3712
Surrounded by Donat, Lohn, Mutten, Pignia, Rongellen, Salouf, Sils im Domleschg, Stierva
Website www.zillis-reischen.ch
SFSO statistics
Zillis-Reischen is located in Switzerland
Zillis-Reischen
Zillis-Reischen

Zillis-Reischen is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

House in Zillis

Zillis-Reischen was created in 1875 with the union of the previously independent municipalities of Reischen and Zillis.[3] Zillis was first mentioned in the first half of the 9th Century as Ciranes.[4] Reischen was first mentioned in 1219 as de Rexeno[5]

The municipality site was certainly inhabited even earlier, as a Roman settlement and graves from the 6th or 7th century indicate. A treasure trove of 10th Century coins that were found near the village indicate that there was trade over the Viamala pass by this time.

The first church in Zillis dates from about the 5th Century. The three-apse church is from the 8th Century, and around 840 the parish church of St. Martin was first mentioned. In 940 King Otto I gave the Zillis Church to the Bishop of Chur. This gift did not include the church's property, four large farms in Schams and Rheinwald.

In 1473 the Viamala road over the Alps opened, which increased traffic on the Splügen and San Bernardino passes. The villages flourished with this increased trade. In 1530-35 Zillis and Reischen converted during the Protestant Reformation.

In 1818-23 the Viamala road was expanded with a wider road, which brought increased trade into the villages.

Geography[edit]

Zillis-Reischen has an area, as of 2006, of 24.5 km2 (9.5 sq mi). Of this area, 32.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 42.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (22.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[6]

The municipality is located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. In 1875 the municipality expanded with the unification of the previously independent municipalities of Reischen and Zillis.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Reischen village church

Zillis-Reischen has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 424.[1] As of 2008, 6.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.7%.[6]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 52.6% male and 47.4% female.[8] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Zillis-Reischen is; 46 people or 13.9% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 23 people or 7.0% are 10 to 14, and 15 people or 4.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 23 people or 7.0% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 50 people or 15.2% are 30 to 39, 47 people or 14.2% are 40 to 49, and 37 people or 11.2% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 34 people or 10.3% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 32 people or 9.7% are 70 to 79, there are 18 people or 5.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 5 people or 1.5% who are 90 to 99.[9]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 49.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (23.7%), the SPS (18.1%) and the CVP (7.8%).[6]

In Zillis-Reischen about 70.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[6]

Zillis-Reischen has an unemployment rate of 1.24%. As of 2005, there were 38 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 106 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 52 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 22 businesses in this sector.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[8]

Year Population
1850 392
1900 263
1950 276
1960 315
1970 318
1980 252
1990 312
2000 330

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (79.7%), with Romansh being second most common (12.7%) and Italian being third ( 2.1%).[6]

Languages in Zillis-Reischen
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 136 53.97% 229 73.40% 263 79.70%
Romansh 104 41.27% 72 23.08% 42 12.73%
Population 252 100% 312 100% 330 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The S. Martegn/St Martin's Church, the Cave under Hasenstein (a Roman cult site) and the Wildener- and Premoli-Bridges are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[10]

The first church in Zillis dates from about the 5th Century. The three-apse church is from the 8th Century, and around 840 the parish church of St. Martin was first mentioned. In 1130/40 the famous romanesque illustrated ceiling was added.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ Zillis-Reischen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Zillis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Reischen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 7 October 2009
  7. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  8. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  9. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  10. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21 November 2008 version, (German) accessed 7 October 2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]