FC Zimbru Chișinău

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Zimbru Chișinău
FC Zimbru logo.png
Full nameFotbal Club Zimbru Chișinău
Nickname(s)Galben-verzii (The Yellow-Greens)
Founded16 May 1947; 72 years ago (1947-05-16)
GroundZimbru Stadium
Capacity10,400
PresidentNicolae Ciornîi
2019Divizia Națională, 7th
WebsiteClub website

Fotbal Club Zimbru is a football club based in Chișinău, Moldova.

Founded in the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1947, Zimbru entered the Soviet Top League in 1956 and participated in 11 seasons before their last relegation in 1983. After the independence of Moldova in 1991, the team established itself as an early force in the country, winning all of the first five national championships and eight of the first nine, but have not won since. Zimbru have also won six Moldovan Cups and one Moldovan Super Cup.

Galben-verzii played their home matches at the 10,400-seater Zimbru Stadium.

History[edit]

Zimbru Chișinău was formed in 1947 in the Moldovan Soviet Republic (present day Republic of Moldova). 'Zimbru' is a Romanian word for a form of European bison, but the club also previously functioned under names such as Dinamo, Burevestnik, Moldova, Avântul, and Nistru. The Soviet Era was spent mostly in Class B of the regional league until eventual promotion to Class A. The club then flitted between Class A and Class B as well as spending time in the Soviet Top League and First League. In total, Zimbru spent 11 seasons in the Top League between 1956 and 1983. Zimbru had their biggest success in 1956 when they finished in 6th place out of 12 in the Soviet Top League and in 1963 when they reached the quarter-finals of the Soviet Cup.[1]
Zimbru's fortunes changed after the fall of the USSR and the establishment of the Republic of Moldova. The club won all five of the initial seasons of the Moldovan National Division (1992–96), and apart from finishing as runners-up to Chișinău rivals Constructorul Chișinău in 1996–97, won eight of the first nine championships. Zimbru have also won the Moldovan Cup six times, including a double in 1997–98 and the Moldovan Super Cup once.

Crest and colours[edit]

Since its foundation, Zimbru's colours always was yellow and green. Throughout history, Zimbru Chișinău had many logos. Traditional colours were always present on club crests.

Stadium[edit]

Zimbru Stadium
Zimbru Stadium.JPG
Full nameZimbru Stadium
LocationBotanica, Chișinău
OwnerZimbru Chișinău
Capacity10,400[2]
Field size105 x 68 m
SurfaceGrass
Scoreboard1,600 lux
Construction
BuiltMarch 2004 – May 2006
Opened20 May 2006
Construction cost$11 million
ArchitectCeproserving SA
Structural engineerINCONEX-COM

FC Zimbru's home ground is Zimbru Stadium, a football-specific stadium in Botanica sector of Chișinău. It was opened in 2006. The stadium has a natural grass playing surface, and its capacity is 10,400.

Rivalries[edit]

In the 1990s (the first decade of Moldova's independence), Zimbru's rival was the other team from Chișinău, Constructorul Chișinău. Then Contructorul was dissolved. In 1997, a new team was founded in Tiraspol, Sheriff Tiraspol. In a few years, Sheriff was promoted to the first league and became a force in Moldovan football. Considering the strength of team and the tensions between Moldovans and separatist Transnistrians, the match between Zimbru and Sheriff became a derby, the most important match in country. Thus, it has been named "Derby of Moldova", being labelled even as "Moldovan El Clasico" (Romanian: El Clasico de Moldova).[3][4] Another rivalry was established in the mid 2000s when Dacia Chișinău, another team from Chișinău, became one of Moldova's top teams. The match between them is known as "The Derby of the capital" (Romanian: Derbyul capitalei).[5]

Honours[edit]

Moldova[edit]

Winners (8): 1992, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00
Runners-up (5): 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2006–07
Third place (4): 2001–02, 2003–04, 2011–12, 2015–16
Winners (6): 1996–97, 1997–98, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2006–07, 2013–14
Runners-up (3): 1994–95, 1999–00, 2017–18
Winners (1): 2014
Runners-up (3): 2003, 2004, 2007

Soviet Union[edit]

Winners (1): 1955.
Runners-up (2): 1973, 1982.
Winners (2): 1987, 1988.

Player of the year[edit]

Zimbru players who received the award Moldovan Footballer of the Year:

Year Winner
1992 Moldova Alexandru Spiridon
1993 Moldova Alexandru Curtianu
1994 Moldova Serghei Cleșcenco
1995 Moldova Ion Testemițanu
1997 Moldova Ion Testemițanu
1999 Moldova Sergiu Epureanu
2002 Moldova Boris Cebotari

League history[edit]

Table[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer (league)
1992 Divizia Națională 1 22 15 5 2 40 15 35 1/4 Moldova Alexandru Spiridon
Moldova Iurie Miterev – 8
1992–93 1 30 22 6 2 66 17 50 1/8 Moldova Alexandru Spiridon – 12
1993–94 1 30 25 2 3 86 22 52 1/2 UCL PR Moldova Serghei Cleșcenco – 14
1994–95 1 26 21 4 1 69 10 67 RU UC PR Moldova Serghei Cleșcenco – 11
1995–96 1 30 26 3 1 110 11 81 1/4 UC R2 Moldova Vladislav Gavriliuc – 34
1996–97 2 30 22 4 4 112 21 70 W UC PR Moldova Iurie Miterev – 34
1997–98 1 26 22 3 1 75 8 69 W CWC QR Moldova Serghei Cleșcenco – 25
1998–99 1 26 18 7 1 43 9 61 1/4 UCL Q1 Moldova Vladislav Gavriliuc – 10
1999–00 1 36 25 7 4 78 21 82 RU UCL
UC
Q3
R1
Moldova Victor Berco – 15
2000–01 2 28 20 6 2 46 15 66 1/2 UCL
UC
Q3
R1
Moldova Iurie Miterev – 8
2001–02 3 28 12 10 6 52 20 46 1/2 UC QR Moldova Victor Berco – 12
2002–03 2 24 15 5 4 47 20 50 W UC R1 Uzbekistan Vladimir Shishelov – 13
2003–04 3 28 14 7 7 40 23 49 W UC R1 Uzbekistan Vladimir Shishelov – 15
2004–05 5 28 12 7 9 29 15 43 1/4 Moldova Sergiu Chirilov – 7
2005–06 2 28 15 8 5 47 20 53 1/2 Moldova Sergiu Chirilov – 11
2006–07 2 36 21 8 7 63 23 71 W UC Q2 Russia Alexei Zhdanov – 14
2007–08 5 30 13 13 4 43 21 52 1/2 UC Q1 Russia Alexei Zhdanov – 12
2008–09 4 30 13 7 10 42 30 46 1/2 Moldova Oleg Andronic – 16
2009–10 4 33 17 8 8 47 29 59 1/4 UEL Q2 Moldova Andrei Secrieru – 7
2010–11 4 39 22 10 7 56 20 76 1/8 Moldova Oleg Andronic – 9
2011–12 3 33 17 10 6 47 24 61 1/4 Moldova Oleg Molla – 14
2012–13 6 33 12 10 11 53 38 46 1/4 UEL Q2 Moldova Oleg Molla – 7
2013–14 4 33 18 7 8 56 24 61 W Russia Sergey Tsyganov – 13
2014–15 6 24 7 6 11 23 19 27 1/4 UEL PO Moldova Alexandru Dedov – 4
2015–16 3 27 15 4 8 42 26 49 1/4 Portugal Rui Miguel – 9
2016–17 5 30 13 7 10 32 29 46 1/2 UEL Q2 Portugal Hugo Neto – 6
2017 8 18 5 4 9 17 21 19 RU Brazil Jean Theodoro – 5
2018 5 28 9 9 10 28 37 36 1/2 Moldova Ilie Damașcan
Moldova Ion Nicolaescu – 5
2019 7 28 3 7 18 16 43 16 1/4 Moldova Dan Pîslă – 5

European record[edit]

UEFA Champions League
Season Round Opponents Home leg Away leg Aggregate
1993–94 PR Israel Beitar Jerusalem 1–1 0–2 1–3
1998–99 Q1 Hungary Újpest 1–0 1–3 2–3
1999–00 Q1 Republic of Ireland St Patrick's Athletic 5–0 5–0 10–0
Q2 Georgia (country) Dinamo Tbilisi 2–0 1–2 3–2
Q3 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 0–0 0–2 0–2
2000–01 Q1 Albania KF Tirana 3–2 3–2 6–4
Q2 Slovenia Maribor 2–0 0–1 2–1
Q3 Czech Republic Sparta Prague 0–1 0–1 0–2
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Season Round Opponents Home leg Away leg Aggregate
1997–98 QR Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 1–1 0–3 1–4
UEFA Cup
Season Round Opponents Home leg Away leg Aggregate
1994–95 PR Hungary Budapest Honvéd 0–1 1–4 1–5
1995–96 PR Israel Hapoel Tel Aviv 2–0 0–0 2–0
R1 Latvia RAF Jelgava 1–0 2–1 3–1
R2 Czech Republic Sparta Prague 0–2 3–4 3–6
1996–97 PR Croatia Hajduk Split 0–4 1–2 1–6
1999–00 R1 England Tottenham Hotspur 0–0 0–3 0–3
2000–01 R1 Germany Hertha BSC 1–2 0–2 1–4
2001–02 QR Turkey Gaziantepspor 0–0 1–4 1–4
2002–03 QR Sweden IFK Göteborg 3–1 2–2 5–3
R1 Spain Real Betis 0–2 1–2 1–4
2003–04 QR Bulgaria Litex Lovech 2–0 0–0 2–0
R1 Greece Aris 1–1 1–2 2–3
2006–07 Q1 Azerbaijan Qarabağ 1–1 2–1 (aet) 3–2
Q2 Ukraine Metalurh Zaporizhya 0–0 0–3 0–3
2007–08 Q1 Slovakia Artmedia Bratislava 2–2 1–1 3–3 (a)
UEFA Europa League
Season Round Opponents Home leg Away leg Aggregate
2009–10 Q1 Kazakhstan Okzhetpes 1–2 2–0 3–2
Q2 Portugal Paços de Ferreira 0–0 0–1 0–1
2012–13 Q1 Wales Bangor City 2–1 0–0 2–1
Q2 Switzerland Young Boys 1–0 (aet) 0–1 1–1 (1–4 pen.)
2014–15 Q1 North Macedonia FK Shkëndija 2–0 1–2 3–2
Q2 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia 0–0 1–1 1–1 (a)
Q3 Austria SV Grödig 0–1 2–1 2–2 (a)
PO Greece PAOK 1–0 0–4 1–4
2016–17 Q1 Georgia (country) Chikhura Sachkhere 0–1 3–2 3–3 (a)
Q2 Turkey Osmanlıspor 2–2 0–5 2–7
Notes: PR – preliminary round. QR – qualifying round. R1 – First round. R2 – Second round
Q1, Q2, Q3 – qualifying rounds. PO – play-off round
.

Former players[edit]

Former managers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Team history".zimbru.md
  2. ^ "Stadium capacity" (PDF).uefa.com
  3. ^ "El clasico de Moldova".publika.md
  4. ^ "El clasico".prime.md
  5. ^ "Derbyul capitalei".publika.md

External links[edit]