Zimmerwald

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Zimmerwald
Former municipality of Switzerland
Coat of arms of Zimmerwald
Coat of arms
Zimmerwald is located in Switzerland
Zimmerwald
Zimmerwald
Zimmerwald is located in Canton of Bern
Zimmerwald
Zimmerwald
Coordinates: 46°53′N 7°28′E / 46.883°N 7.467°E / 46.883; 7.467Coordinates: 46°53′N 7°28′E / 46.883°N 7.467°E / 46.883; 7.467
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Seftigen
Area
 • Total 8.94 km2 (3.45 sq mi)
Elevation 840 m (2,760 ft)
Population
 • Total 870
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Postal code 3086
Website

Zimmerwald was an independent municipality in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland until 31 December 2003. It is located on a hill in the proximity of the city of Bern in the Bernese Mittelland. On 1 January 2004 Zimmerwald united with the municipality of Englisberg to form the new municipality of Wald.

On 31 December 2002 the population was 870. The coat of arms is three fir trees on three green mountain peaks with a background that ranges from silver to green.

village entrance of Zimmerwald
Hotel and Pension de Beau Séjour of Zimmerwald, steel engraving dated 1865
church of Zimmerwald, view towards Belpberg and Alps
church of Zimmerwald with adjoining municipal cemetery
the "Leuen", the local tavern and inn of Zimmerwald, built in 1840
hamlet of Brönni, Obermuhlern, village of Zimmerwald
Coloured lithography of the Hotel "Beau Séjour" where delegates of the 1915 Zimmerwald Conference lived. The main building of the hotel was torn down in the 1960s. The guest house and parts of the park survive to this day

History[edit]

Zimmerwald was only settled in the late phase of the Germanic colonisation of Switzerland. Between 800 and 900, Ciberni entering Southern Germany first settled on the Längenberg (Long Mountain), the hill on which Zimmerwald lies. The town is first mentioned in documents in the later Middle Ages. In 1999, Zimmerwald celebrated its 700th anniversary.

Zimmerwald is remembered in world history for the Zimmerwald Conference held in September 1915. Prominent socialists met from across Europe, among them Leon Trotsky and Vladimir Lenin. The conference was called by Robert Grimm of Bern. The international workers' movement split as a result of the conference into a social democratic and a revolutionary wing.

Sites of interest[edit]

Wind instruments museum[edit]

The collection of the Zimmerwald wind instruments museum covers some 1,000 wind instruments from all periods, as well as percussion instruments. They include rare pieces such as bull horns, old Germanic lures, serpents and flap trumpets, but also Swiss alphorns.[citation needed]

Zimmerwald Observatory[edit]

The Zimmerwald Observatory is the reference point for the CH1903+ Swiss coordinate system.

Prominent citizens and residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]